Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Challenge or Consent? Understanding Losers’ Reactions in Mass Elections

Abstract

The conditions under which losers are willing to challenge the results of elections remain an open question. Using data from the Electoral Integrity Project for 66 democratic and non-democratic countries in 2012 and 2013, we measure how parties or candidates react once votes have been cast and one of them is declared the winner. Do they accept or challenge the results? This measure allows us to examine the causal mechanisms that account for the self-enforcing nature of democracies. Our findings show that losers’ consent increases with free and fair elections and in more economically developed countries, while income inequality is not relevant. Additionally, the impact of free and fair elections is particularly important in more economically developed countries.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Challenge or Consent? Understanding Losers’ Reactions in Mass Elections
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Challenge or Consent? Understanding Losers’ Reactions in Mass Elections
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Challenge or Consent? Understanding Losers’ Reactions in Mass Elections
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Footnotes
Hide All
*

Ignacio Lago is Associate Professor of Political Science at Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona. Contact email: ignacio.lago@upf.edu.

Ferran Martinez i Coma is a Research Associate in the Department of Government and International Relations at the University of Sydney. Contact email: ferran.martinezcoma@sydney.edu.au.

Footnotes
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

C.J. Anderson , A. Blais , S. Bowler , T. Donovan and O Listhaug . (2005), Losers’ Consent. Elections and Democratic Legitimacy (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

C Boix . (2003), Democracy and Redistribution (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

M. Chacón , J.A. Robinson and R Torvik . (2011), ‘Why is Democracy an Equilibrium? Theory and Evidence from Colombia’s La Violencia’, Journal of Conflict Resolution, 55: 366396.

S Chernykh . (2014), ‘When Do Political Parties Protest Elections Results?’, Comparative Political Studies, 47: 13591383.

J Fearon . (2011), ‘Self-enforcing Democracy’, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 126: 16611708.

M.J. Gasiorowski and T Power . (1998), ‘The Structural Determinants of Democratic Consolidation: Evidence from the Third World’, Comparative Political Studies, 31: 740771.

J Gandhi . (2008), Political Institutions under Dictatorship (New York: Cambridge University Press).

J. Gandhi and E Lust-Okar . (2009), ‘Elections under Authoritarianism’, Annual Review of Political Science, 12: 403422.

S. Mainwaring and A Pérez-Liñán . (2013), ‘Lessons from Latin America: Democratic Breakdown and Survival’, Journal of Democracy, 24: 123137.

F. Martinez i Coma and C van Ham . (2015), ‘Can Experts Judge Elections? Testing the Validity of Expert Judgments for Measuring Election Integrity’, European Journal of Political Research, 54: 305325.

P Norris . (2013), ‘Does the World Agree about Standards of Electoral Integrity? Evidence for the Diffusion of Global Norms’, Electoral Studies, 32: 576588.

P. Norris , R.W. Frank and F. Martinez i Coma (2013), ‘Evaluating the Quality of Elections’, Journal of Democracy, 24: 124135.

J Powell . (2012), ‘The Determinants of the Attempting and Outcome of Coups d’Etat’, Journal of Conflict Resolution, 56: 10171040.

J Powell and C.L Thyne . (2010), ‘Global Instances of Coups from 1950 to 2010: A New Dataset’, Journal of Peace Research, 48: 249259.

A Przeworski . (1991), Democracy and the Market: Political and Economic Reforms in Eastern Europe and Latin America (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

A Przeworski (2005), ‘Democracy as an Equilibrium’, Public Choice, 123: 253273.

A. Przeworski , M.E. Alvarez , J.A. Cheibub and F Limongi . (2000), Democracy and Development: Political Institutions and Well-being in the World, 1950–1990 (New York: Cambridge University Press).

A Schedler . (2002), ‘The Nested Game of Democratization by Elections’, International Political Science Review, 23: 103122.

G Serra . (2014), ‘The 2012 Elections in Mexico: Return of the Dominant Party’, Electoral Studies, 34: 291379.

M.W Svolik . (2008), ‘Authoritarian Reversals and Democratic Consolidation’, American Political Science Review, 102: 153168.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Government and Opposition
  • ISSN: 0017-257X
  • EISSN: 1477-7053
  • URL: /core/journals/government-and-opposition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 4
Total number of PDF views: 46 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 265 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 26th July 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.