Abts K., Pozniak D. and Swyngedouw M. (2012), ‘The Federal Elections in Belgium, June 2010’, Electoral Studies, 31(2): 448–452.
Almond G.A. and Verba S. (1963), The Civic Culture: Political Attitudes and Democracy in Five Nations (Princeton: Princeton University Press).
Baldini G. and Renwick A. (2015), ‘L’Italia verso la (ennesima) riforma elettorale’, in C. Hanretty and S. Profeti (eds), Politica in Italia 2015 (Bologna: Il Mulino): 175–194.
Beetham D. (1994) (ed.), Defining and Measuring Democracy (London: Sage).
Boonen J. and Hooghe M. (2013), ‘Politieke Preferenties, Breuklijnen en Houdingen ten Opzichte van Politieke Partijen: Een Studie bij Kiezers in Vlaanderen en Wallonië’, Res Publica, 55(2): 177–208.
Brubaker R. and Cooper F. (2000), ‘Beyond Identity’, Theory and Society, 29(1): 1–47.
Crozier M. (1973), The Stalled Society (New York: Viking Compass).
Dahl R.A. (1989), Democracy and its Critics (New Haven: Yale University Press): chapter 9.
Dalton R.J. (2000), ‘Value Change and Democracy’, in S. Pharr and R. Putnam (eds), Disaffected Democracies: What’s Troubling the Trilateral Countries? (Princeton: Princeton University Press): 252–269.
DeVuyst Y. (2012), ‘The Constitutional and Lisbon Treaties’, in E. Jones, A. Menon and S. Weatherill (eds), The Oxford Handbook of the European Union (Oxford: Oxford University Press): 163–177.
Diamond L. (2016), ‘Democracy in Decline: How Washington Can Reverse the Tide’, Foreign Affairs, 95(4): 151–159.
Doorenspleet R. (2015), ‘Where are the People? A Call for People-Centred Concepts and Measurements of Democracy’, Government and Opposition: An International Journal of Comparative Politics, 50(3): 469–494.
Doorenspleet R. and Pellikaan H. (2013), ‘Which Type of Democracy Performs Best?’, Acta Politica, 48(3): 237–267.
Dunn J. (2005), Democracy: A History (New York: Atlantic Monthly Press).
Einhorn E.S. (2015), ‘Scandinavia: Still the Middle Way?’, in R. Tiersky and E. Jones (eds), Europe Today: A Twenty-First Century Introduction (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield): chapter 5.
Elchardus M. and Spruyt B. (2016), ‘Populism, Persistent Republicanism and Declinism: An Empirical Analysis of Populism as a Thin Ideology’, Government and Opposition: An International Journal of Comparative Politics, 51(1): 111–133.
Fabbrini S. and Lazar M. (2016), ‘La leadership di Renzi tra partito e governo’, in M. Carbone and S. Piattoni (eds), Politica in Italia 2016 (Bologna: Il Mulino): 49–66.
Ferrera M. and Gualmini E. (2000), ‘Reforms Guided by Consensus: The Italian Welfare State in Transition’, West European Politics, 23(2): 187–208.
Follesdal A. and Hix S. (2006), ‘Why There is a Democratic Deficit in the EU: A Response to Majone and Moravcsik’, Journal of Common Market Studies, 44(3): 533–562.
Fukuyama F. (2014a), ‘At the “End of History” Still Stands Democracy’, Wall Street Journal (6 June).
Fukuyama F. (2014b), Political Order and Political Decay (New York: Farrar, Strauss and Giroux).
Garrett G. (1995), ‘Capital Mobility, Trade, and the Domestic Politics of Economic Policy’, International Organization, 49(4): 657–687.
Garrett G. (1998), ‘Global Markets and National Politics: Collision Course or Virtuous Circle’, International Organization, 52(4): 787–824.
Gat A. (2010), Victorious and Vulnerable: Why Democracy Won in the 20th Century and How it is Still Imperiled (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield).
Ginsborg P. (2001), Italy and its Discontents: 1980–2001 (London: Penguin Books).
Hacker J.S. and Pierson P. (2016), American Amnesia: How the War on Government Led us to Forget What Made America Prosper (New York: Simon & Schuster).
Hadenius A. (1997) (ed.), Democracy’s Victory and Crisis (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).
Hall P. and Soskice D. (2001) (eds), Varieties of Capitalism: The Institutional Foundations of Comparative Advantage (Oxford: Oxford University Press).
Hirschman A.O. (1970), Exit, Voice, and Loyalty: Responses to Decline in Firms, Organizations, and States (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press).
Hobolt S.B. (2009), Europe in Question: Referendums on European Integration (Oxford: Oxford University Press).
Hooghe M. (2012), ‘The Political Crisis in Belgium (2007–2011): A Federal System without Federal Loyalty’, Representation, 48(1): 131–138.
Hooghe M., Schoors K. and Eppink D. (2011), ‘Symposium: Besturen zonder Regering?’, Res Publica, 53(4): 467–479.
Houle C. and Kenny P.D. (2016), ‘The Political and Economic Consequences of Populist Rule in Latin America’, Government and Opposition: An International Journal of Comparative Politics, published early online, August, doi: 10.1017/gov.2016.25.
Isenberg N. (2016), White Trash: The 400-Year Untold History of Class in America (New York: Viking).
Jacoby W. (2017), ‘Grand Coalitions and Democratic Dysfunction: Is the Cure Worse than the Disease?’, Government and Opposition: An International Journal of Comparative Politics, in this issue, doi: 10.1017/gov.2016.53.
Jones E. (2012), ‘The JCMS Annual Review Lecture: European Crisis, European Solidarity’, JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies, 50, Annual Review: 53–67.
Jones R.P. (2016), The End of White Christian America (New York: Simon & Schuster).
Keane J. (2009), The Life and Death of Democracy (New York: Simon & Schuster).
Kelemen R.D. (2017), ‘Europe’s Other Democratic Deficit: National Authoritarianism in Europe’s Democratic Union’, Government and Opposition: An International Journal of Comparative Politics, in this issue, doi: 10.1017/gov.2016.41.
King D. (2017), ‘Forceful Federalism against American Racial Inequality’, Government and Opposition: An International Journal of Comparative Politics, in this issue, doi: 10.1017/gov.2016.52.
Kroger G. (2010), Filibustering: A Political History of Obstruction in the House and Senate (Chicago: University of Chicago Press).
Kurlantzick J. (2016), State Capitalism: How the Return of Statism is Transforming the World (Oxford: Oxford University Press).
Lipset S.M. (1959), ‘Some Social Requisites of Democracy: Economic Development and Political Legitimacy’, American Political Science Review, 53(1): 69–105.
Lowi T.J. (1971), The Politics of Disorder (New York: Basic Books).
Mair P. (2013), Ruling the Void: The Hollowing of Western Democracy (London: Verso).
Majone G. (1994), ‘The Rise of the Regulatory State in Europe’, West European Politics, 17(3): 78–102.
Mann T.E. and Ornstein N.J. (2012), It’s Even Worse than it Looks: How the American Constitutional System Collided with the New Politics of Extremism (New York: Basic Books).
Matthijs M. (2013), ‘David Cameron’s Dangerous Game: The Folly of Flirting with an EU Exit’, Foreign Affairs, 92(3): 10–16.
Matthijs M. (2014a), ‘Mediterranean Blues: The Crisis in Southern Europe’, Journal of Democracy, 25(1): 101–115.
Matthijs M. (2014b), ‘Britain and Europe: The End of the Affair?’, Current History (March): 91–97.
Matthijs M. (2017), ‘Integration at What Price? The Erosion of National Democracy in the Euro Periphery’, Government and Opposition: An International Journal of Comparative Politics, in this issue, doi: 10.107/gov.2016.50.
Mayer J. (2016), Dark Money: The Hidden History of the Billionaires behind the Rise of the Radica Right (New York: Doubleday).
Moffitt B. (2015), ‘How to Perform Crisis: A Model for Understanding the Key Role of Crisis in Contemporary Populism’, Government and Opposition: An International Journal of Comparative Politics, 50(2): 189–217.
Moravcsik A. (2002), ‘In Defense of the “Democratic Deficit”: Reassessing Legitimacy in the European Union’, JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies, 40(4): 603–624.
Moschella M. (2017), ‘When Some Are More Equal than Others: National Parliaments and Intergovernmental Bailout Negotiations in the Eurozone’, Government and Opposition: An International Journal of Comparative Politics, in this issue, doi: 10.1017/gov.2016.49.
Moses J.W. (2017), ‘Sparrows of Despair: Migration as a Signalling Device for Dysfunctional States in Europe’, Government and Opposition: An International Journal of Comparative Politics, in this issue, doi: 10.1017/gov.2016.40.
O’Donnell G. and Schmitter P. (1986), Transitions from Authoritarian Rule: Tentative Conclusions about Uncertain Democracies (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press).
Parekh B. (1992), ‘The Cultural Particularity of Liberal Democracy’, Political Studies, 40(1): 160–175.
Piattoni S. (2015), ‘European Union Institutional Architectures: Structural Tensions, Dynamic Forces, and the Advantages of Hapticity’, in S. Piattoni (ed.), The European Union: Democratic Principles and Institutional Architectures in Times of Crisis (Oxford: Oxford University Press): 239–259.
Pierson P. (1994), Dismantling the Welfare State? Reagan, Thatcher, and the Politics of Retrenchment (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).
Pitsoulis A. and Schwuchow S.C. (2015), ‘Holding out for a Better Deal: Brinkmanship in the Greek Bailout Negotiations’, Munich Personal RePEc Archive (13 November).
Przeworski A. and Limongi F. (1997), ‘Modernization Theory: Theories and Facts’, World Politics, 49(1): 155–183.
Putnam R.D. (1993), Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy (Princeton: Princeton University Press).
Rachman G. (2016), ‘The Global Democratic Recession: Democracy in Retreat – For Now’, Financial Times (8 August).
Rousseau J. (1985 ), The Government of Poland, trans. W. Kendall (Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing).
Scharpf F.W. (1991), Crisis and Choice in European Social Democracy (Ithaca: Cornell University Press).
Scharpf F.W. (1999), Governing in Europe: Effective and Democratic? (Oxford: Oxford University Press).
Schmidt V.A. (2012), ‘Democracy and Legitimacy in the European Union Revisited: Input, Output and Throughput’, Political Studies, 61(1): 2–22.
Sinardet D. (2010), ‘From Consociational Conciousness to Majoritarian Myth: Consociational Democracy, Multi-Level Politics and the Belgian Case of Brussels-Halle-Vilvoorde’, Acta Politica, 45(3): 346–369.
Sinardet D. and Bursens P. (2010), ‘Democratic Legitimacy in Multilevel Political Systems: The Role of Politicization at the Polity-Wide Level in the EU and Belgium’, Acta Politica, 49(3): 246–265.
Skidmore P. and Bound K. (2008), The Everyday Democracy Index (London: Demos).
Skocpol T. and Williamson V. (2012), The Tea Party and the Remaking of Republican Conservatism
(New York: Oxford University Press).
Standard & Poor’s (2011), ‘Ratings on Belgium Lowered to “AA” on Financial Sector Risks to Public Finances; Outlook Negative’ (London: Standard & Poor’s) (25 November).
Thurow L.C. (1980), The Zero-Sum Society: Distribution and the Possibilities for Economic Change (New York: Basic Books).
Zakaria F. (2007), The Future of Freedom: Illiberal Democracy at Home and Abroad, Revised Edition (New York: W.W. Norton & Co.).