The Sunday Express had reported earlier in the year that Labour was planning to use the pop band S Club 7 for its campaign tune, until some of the group were arrested on a drugs charge (Sunday Express, 25 March 2001).
Colley, Linda, Britons: Forgingthe Nation 1707–1837, London, Pimlico, 1992, pp. 44–8.
Starr, S. Frederick, Red & Hot: The Fate of Jazz in the Soviet Union, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1983, pp. 175–6.
Burleigh, Michael and Wippermann, Wolfgang, The Racial State: Germany 1933–1945, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1991, pp. 208 and 235
Starr, S. Frederick, Red & Hot, p. 186
Saunders, Frances Stonor, Who Paid the Piper? The CIA and the Cultural Cold War, London, Granta, 2000, p. 151
Andersson, Muff, Music in the Mix: The Story of South African Popular Music, Johannesburg, Ravan Press, 1981
Slobin, Mark, Retuning Culture: Musical Changes in Central and Eastern Europe, London, Duke University Press, 1996
Stewart, Gary, Rumba on the River: A History of the Popular Music of Two Congos, London, Verso, 2000
Frith, Simon and Street, John, ‘Rock Against Racism and Red Wedge: From Music to Politics, From Politics to Music’, in Garofalo, Reebee (ed.), Rockin' the Boat: Mass Music and Mass Movements, Boston, South End Press, 1992, pp. 67–80
et al. (eds), Rock and Popular music: Politics, Policies, Institutions, London, Routledge, 1993
Adorno, Theodor and Horkheimer, Max, ‘The Culture Industry: Enlightenment as Mass Deception’, in Dialectic of Enlightenment, London, Verso, 1979, pp. 120–67.
Witkin, Robert, Adorno on Music, London, Routledge, 1998, p. 200
Starr, S. Frederick, Red & Hot, p. 85
Burleigh, M. and Wippermann, W., The Racial State, p. 220
Cloonan, Martin, Banned! Censorship of Popular Music in Britain: 1962–92, Aldershot, Arena, 1996
Frith, Simon, ‘Music and Everyday Life’, Critical Quarterly, 44:1 (2002), pp. 35–48
Chevigny, Paul, Gigs: Jazz and the Cabaret Laws in New York City, New York, Routledge, 1991
Chastagner, Claude, ‘The Parents' Music Resource Center: From Information to Censorship”, Popular Music, 18:2 (1999), pp. 179–92.
Majrooh, Naim, ‘The Talibans have Banned all Music in Afghanistan’, in Proceedings of 1st World Conference on Music and Censorship, Danish Center for Human Rights, Copenhagen, 20–22 11
1998, pp. 49–56
Genovese, Eugene, Roll Jordan Roll: the World the Slaves Made, New York, Vintage, 1976, p. 581
Burleigh, M. and Wippermann, W., The Racial State, p. 221
Cushman, Thomas, Notes from Underground: Rock Music Counterculture in Russia, Albany, State University of New York Press, 1995, p. 91
Willis, Paul, Common Culture, Milton Keynes, Open University Press, 1990
Willis, Paul, Profane Culture, London, Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1978
Hebdige, Dick, Subculture: the Meaning of Style, London, Methuen, 1979
Notable exceptions include:
Scott, James, Domination and the Arts of Resistance, New Haven, Yale University Press, 1990
Merelman, Richard, Partial Visions: Culture and Politics in Britain, Canada and the United States, Madison, University of Wisconsin Press, 1991
Bloom, Allan, The Closing of the American Mind, New York, Simon & Schuster, 1987
Putnam, Robert, Bowling Alone, New York, Simon & Schuster, 2000
Ward, Brian, Just My Soul Responding: Rhythm and Blues, Black Consciousness and Race Rehtions, London, UCL Press, 1998, p. 449
Smith, Suzanne E., Dancing in the Street: Motown and the Cultural Politics of Detroit, Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press, 1999
Cantwell, Robert, When We Were Good: The Folk Revival, Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press, 1996, p. 377
Place, Jeff and Cohen, Ronald (eds), The Best of Broadside 1962-1988, Washington, Smithonian Folkways Recordings, 2000
Ali, Tariq, Street Fighting Years, London, Collins, 1987, pp. 250–4.
Widgery, David, Beating Time: Riot'n'race'n'rock'n'roll, London, Chatto & Windus, 1986
Collin, Matthew, This is Serbia Calling: Rock'n'Roll Radio and Belgrade's Underground Resistance, London, Serpent's Tail, 2001, p. 56
Wicke, Peter, ‘“The Times They Are A-Changing”: Rock Music and Political Change in East Germany’, in Garofalo, Reebee (ed.), Rockin' the Boat: Mass Music and Mass Movements, Boston, South End Press, 1992, p. 81
Mattern, Mark, Acting in Concert: Music, Community, and Political Action, New York, Rutgers University Press, 1998, p. 19
Eyerman, Ron and Jamison, Andrew, Music and Social Movements: Mobilizing Traditions in the Twentieth Century, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1998, p. 1
J. Place and R. Cohen, The Best of Broadside 1962–1988.
Lahusen, Christian, The Rhetoric of Moral Protest, Berlin, Walter de Gruyter, 1996
Wicke, P., ‘The Times They Are A-changing’, p. 92
Frith, Simon, Performing Rites, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1996, p. 275