Aldrich J. (1995), Why Parties? The Origin and Transformation of Political Parties in America (Chicago: University of Chicago Press).
Carreras M. (2012), ‘The Rise of Political Outsiders in Latin America, 1980–2010: An Institutionalist Perspective’, Comparative Political Studies, 45(12): 1451–1482.
Converse P.E. (1969), ‘Of Time and Partisan Stability’, Comparative Political Studies, 2: 139–171.
Downs A. (1957), An Economic Theory of Democracy (New York: Harper and Row).
Flores-Macías G. (2012), After Neoliberalism? The Left and Economic Reforms in Latin America (New York: Oxford University Press).
Hagopian F., Gervasoni C. and Moraes J.A. (2009), ‘From Patronage to Program: The Emergence of Party-Oriented Legislators in Brazil’, Comparative Political Studies, 42(3): 360–391.
Hale H.E. (2006), Why Not Parties in Russia: Democracy, Federalism, and the State (New York: Cambridge University Press).
Hicken A. and Kuhonta E.M. (2015) (eds), Party System Institutionalization in Asia: Democracies, Autocracies, and the Shadows of the Past (New York: Cambridge University Press).
Levitsky S. and Way L. (2010), Competitive Authoritarianism: Hybrid Regimes after the Cold War (New York: Cambridge University Press).
Levitsky S., Loxton J., Van Dyke B. and Domínguez J. (2016) (eds), Challenges of Party-Building in Latin America (New York: Cambridge University Press).
Lipset S.M. and Rokkan S. (1967), ‘Cleavage Structures, Party Systems, and Voter Alignments: An Introduction’, in S.M. Lipset and S. Rokkan (eds), Party Systems and Voter Alignments: Cross-National Perspectives (New York: Free Press): 1–64.
Lupu N. (2016),
Party Brands in Crisis: Partisanship, Brand Dilution, and the Breakdown of Political Parties in Latin America
(New York: Cambridge University Press).
Lupu N. and Riedl R. (2013), ‘Political Parties and Uncertainty in Developing Democracies’, Comparative Political Studies, 46(11): 1339–1365.
Mainwaring S. and Scully T. (1995) (eds), Building Democratic Institutions: Party Systems in Latin America (Stanford: Stanford University Press).
Mainwaring S. and Zoco E. (2007), ‘Political Sequences and the Stabilization of Interparty Competition: Electoral Volatility in Old and New Democracies’, Party Politics, 13(2): 155–178.
Mainwaring S., Gervasoni C. and España-Nájera A. (2016), ‘Extra- and Within-System Electoral Volatility’, Party Politics’, published early online, January, doi: 10.1177/1354068815625229.
Morgan J. (2011), Bankrupt Representation and Party System Collapse (University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press).
Moser R. and Scheiner E. (2012), Electoral Systems and Political Context: How the Effects of Rules Vary Across New and Established Democracies (New York: Cambridge University Press).
Pop-Eleches G. (2010), ‘Throwing out the Bums: Protest Voting and Unorthodox Parties after Communism’, World Politics, 62(2): 221–260.
Riedl R.B. (2014), Authoritarian Origins of Democratic Party Systems in Africa (New York: Cambridge University Press).
Roberts K. (2014), Changing Course in Latin America: Party Systems in the Neoliberal Era (New York: Cambridge University Press).
Sartori G. (1976), Parties and Party Systems: A Framework for Analysis (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).
Schattschneider E.E. (1942), Party Government (New York: Farrar and Rinehart).
Seawright J. (2012), Party-System Collapse: The Roots of Crisis in Peru and Venezuela (Stanford: Stanford University Press).
Stokes S.C. (2001), Mandates and Democracy: Neoliberalism by Surprise in Latin America (New York: Cambridge University Press).
Tanaka M. (1998), Los espejismos de la democracia: el colapso del sistema de partidos en el Perú (Lima: Instituto de Estudios Peruanos).
Weyland K. (2002), The Politics of Market Reform in Fragile Democracies: Argentina, Brazil, Peru, and Venezuela (Princeton: Princeton University Press).