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Populist Radical Right Parties in Central and Eastern Europe: The Different Context and Issues of the Prophets of the Patria

  • Andrea L.P. Pirro
Abstract

The recent electoral performances of the Bulgarian Ataka, Hungarian Jobbik, and the Slovak National Party seem to confirm the pervasive appeal of the populist radical right in Central and Eastern Europe. Unlike their Western counterparts, these parties do not stem from a ‘silent counter-revolution’. Populist radical right parties in the region retain features sui generis, partly in relation to their historical legacies and the idiosyncrasies of the post-communist context. After distinguishing between pre-communist, communist and post-communist issues, this article discerns commonalities and differences in the ideology of the three parties by a content analysis of the party literatures. The analysis shows that populist radical right parties in Central and Eastern Europe are fairly ‘like minded’, yet they do not constitute an entirely homogeneous group. While a minimum combination of ideological features reveals that only clericalism and opposition to ethnic minorities are shared by all three parties, a maximum combination would extend this to irredentism, anti-corruption and Euroscepticism.

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Andrea L.P. Pirro is a PhD candidate in Comparative and European Politics at the Centre for the Study of Political Change (CIRCaP), University of Siena. Contact email: andreapirro@unisi.it.

Footnotes
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