Adamkus, V. (2004), Be nutylėjimų: dienoraščiai, vertinimai, pastabos paraštėse (Vilnius
: Tyto alba).
Amorim Neto, O. and Costa Lobo, M. (2009), ‘Portugal’s Semi-Presidentialism (Re)considered: An Assessment of the President’s Role in the Policy Process, 1976–2006’, European Journal of Political Research, 48(2): 234–255.
Baltic Barometer (2014), datafile, J. Ekman, Södertörn University, Stockholm.
Beuman, L.M. (2016), Political Institutions in East Timor: Semi-Presidentialism and Democratisation (New York: Routledge).
Brazauskas, A. (2007), Ir Tuomet Dirbome Lietuvai: Faktai, Atsiminimai, Komentarai (Vilnius: Knygiai).
Doyle, D. and Elgie, R. (2016), ‘Maximizing the Reliability of Cross-National Measures of Presidential Power’, British Journal of Political Science, 46(4): 731–741.
Elgie, R. (1999), ‘The Politics of Semi-Presidentialism’, in R. Elgie (ed.), Semi-Presidentialism in Europe (Oxford: Oxford University Press): 1–21.
Elgie, R. (2001), ‘“Cohabitation”: Divided Government French-Style’, in R. Elgie (ed.), Divided Government in Comparative Perspective (Oxford: Oxford University Press): 106–126.
Elgie, R. (2016), ‘Three Waves of Semi-Presidential Studies’, Democratization, 23(1): 49–70.
Europe Barometer (2004), CSPP School of Government and Public Policy, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow.
Gherghina, S. and Miscoiu, S. (2013), ‘The Failure of Cohabitation: Explaining the 2007 and 2012 Institutional Crises in Romania’, East European Politics & Societies and Cultures, 27(4): 668–684.
Goldmann, K. (2005), ‘Appropriateness and Consequences: The Logic of Neo-Institutionalism’, Governance, 18(1): 35–52.
Goodin, R.E. (1996) (ed.), The Theory of Institutional Design (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).
Hall, P.A. and Taylor, R.C.R. (1996), ‘Political Science and the Three New Institutionalisms’, Political Studies, 44(5): 936–957.
Köker, P. (2014), Veto et Peto: Patterns of Presidential Activism in Central and Eastern Europe (London: University College London).
Krupavičius, A. (2008), ‘Semi-Presidentialism in Lithuania: Origins, Development and Challenges’, in R. Elgie and S. Moestrup (eds), Semi-Presidentialism in Central and Eastern Europe (Manchester: Manchester University Press): 65–84.
Krupavičius, A. (2013), ‘Lithuania’s President: A Formal and Informal Power’, in V. Hloušek et al., Presidents Above Parties? Presidents in Central and Eastern Europe: Their Formal Competencies and Informal Power (Brno: Masaryk University): 205–232.
Lazardeux, S.G. (2015), Cohabitation and Conflicting Politics in French Policymaking (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan).
Maniokas, K. and Vilpišauskas, R. (2010), ‘National Coordination of European Policy in Lithuania: Analysis of a Double Transformation’ (unpublished paper).
March, J.G. and Olsen, J.P. (1989), Rediscovering Institutions: The Organizational Basis of Politics (New York: The Free Press).
March, J.G. and Olsen, J.P. (2006), ‘The Logic of Appropriateness’, in M. Moran, M. Rein and R.E. Goodin (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Public Policy (Oxford: Oxford University Press): 689–708.
Matsuzato, K. and Gudžinskas, L. (2006), ‘An Eternally Unfinished Parliamentary Regime? Semipresidentialism as a Prism to View Lithuanian Politics’, Acta Slavica Iaponica, 23: 146–170.
Munkh-Erdene, L. (2010), ‘The Transformation of Mongolia’s Political System: From Semi-Parliamentary to Parliamentary?’, Asian Survey, 50(2): 311–334.
Norkus, Z. (2013), ‘Parliamentarism versus Semi-Presidentialism in the Baltic States: The Causes and Consequences of Differences in the Constitutional Framework’, Baltic Journal of Political Science, 2: 7–28.
North, D.C. (1990), Institutions, Institutional Change and Economic Performance (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).
North, D.C. (1993), ‘Institutions and Credible Commitment’, Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics, 149(1): 11–23.
Passarelli, G. (2015) (ed.), The Presidentialization of Political Parties: Organizations, Institutions and Leaders (New York: Palgrave).
Pierson, P. (2000), ‘Increasing Returns, Path Dependence, and the Study of Politics’, American Political Science Review, 94(2): 251–267.
Protsyk, O. (2006), ‘Intra-Executive Competition between President and Prime Minister: Patterns of Institutional Conflict and Cooperation in Semi-Presidential Regimes’, Political Studies, 56(2): 219–241.
Raunio, T. (2012), ‘Semi-Presidentialism and European Integration: Lessons from Finland for Constitutional Design’, Journal of European Public Policy, 19(4): 567–584.
Rhodes, R.A.W., Binder, S.A. and Rockman, B.A. (2006) (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Political Institutions (Oxford: Oxford University Press).
Samuels, D. and Shugart, M.S. (2010), Presidents, Parties, and Prime Ministers: How the Separation of Powers Affects Party Organization and Behavior (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).
Scharpf, F.W. (1989), ‘Decision Rules, Decision Styles and Policy Choices’, Journal of Theoretical Politics, 1(2): 149–176.
Schleiter, P. and Morgan-Jones, E. (2009), ‘Citizens, Presidents, and Assemblies: The Study of Semi-Presidentialism Beyond Duverger and Linz’, British Journal of Political Science, 39(4): 871–892.
Scott, W.R. (2014), Institutions and Organizations: Ideas, Interests, and Identities, 4th edn (London: Sage).
Sedelius, T. (2006), The Tug-of-War between Presidents and Prime Ministers: Semi-Presidentialism in Central and Eastern Europe (Örebro: Örebro Studies in Political Science).
Sedelius, T. and Ekman, J. (2010), ‘Intra-Executive Conflict and Cabinet Instability: Effects of Semi-Presidentialism in Central and Eastern Europe’, Government and Opposition: An International Journal of Comparative Politics, 45(4): 505–530.
Sedelius, T. and Mashtaler, O. (2013), ‘Two Decades of Semi-Presidentialism: Issues of Intra-Executive Conflict in Central and Eastern Europe 1991–2011’, East European Politics, 29(2): 109–134.
Shen, Y. (2011), ‘Semi-Presidentialism in Taiwan: A Shadow of the Constitution of the Weimar Republic’, Taiwan Journal of Democracy, 7(1): 135–152.
Shugart, M.S. and Carey, J.M. (1992), Presidents and Assemblies: Constitutional Design and Electoral Dynamics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).
Talat-Kelpsa, L. (1999), ‘The Political Decision Making: Division of Authority within Government’, research report for the Conference: Lithuania: From Transition to Convergence, Vilnius, September.
Tavits, M. (2009), Presidents with Prime Ministers: Do Direct Elections Matter? (Oxford: Oxford University Press).
Thelen, K. (1999), ‘Historical Institutionalism in Comparative Politics’, Annual Review of Political Science, 2: 369–404.
Urbanavicius, D. (1999), ‘Lithuania’, in R. Elgie (ed.), Semi-Presidentialism in Europe (Oxford: Oxford University Press): 150–169.
Weaver, R.K. and Rockman, B.A. (1993) (eds), Do Institutions Matter? Government Capabilities in the United States and Abroad (Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution).