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A Stranger in Town: Finding the Way in an Ancient City

  • Roger Ling
Extract

My subject concerns the practicalities of finding one's way round an ancient city. What aids were there to guide a stranger in town? How did he trace a particular house or other destination? I propose to examine the problem with reference to one of the best known of all ancient cities, Pompeii.

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Notes

1. Hadrianic base: CIL vi, 975. Regional survey: Libellus de regionibus urbis Romae (ed. Nordh, A., 1949) (Skrifter Utgivna av Svenska Institutet i Rom, iii. 8°).

2. CIL x, 1631 (A.D. 93–4); cf. Camodeca, G., ‘L'ordinamento in regimes e i vici di Puteoli’, Puteoli. Studi di storia antica, i (1977), 6298.

3. List of 47–46 B.C.: CIL iv, 60; Inscriptiones Italiae xiii: Fasti et elogia i (1947), pp. 271–2. Vicini: CIL iv, 193, 367, 440, 458, 2978, 3460, etc.

4. Spano, G., ‘Porte e regioni pompeiane e vie campane’, Rend. Napoli N.S. xvii (1937), 269359. Generally on these names and their significance: Sgobbo, I., ‘Un complesso di edificisannitici e di quartieri a Pompei’, Mem. Napoli vi (1942), 1541; Castrén, P., Ordo Populusque Pompeianus (Acta Instituti Romani Finlandiae viii) (1975), 7982. Comparable names are found at Naples (Regio Herculanensium: CIL x, 1492) and Capua (Pagus Herculanea: CIL x, 3772).

5. CIL x, 924; cf. Castrén, , op. cit., 81.

6. Via dei Sepolcri: CIL x, 1027, 1042. Via Nocera: D'Ambrosio, A. and Caro, S. De, Un impegno per Pompei. Fotopiano e documentazione della necropoli di Porta Nocera (1983), no. 17 ES.

7. But gates in ancient cities were not always named in this way: cf. the Porta Jovis at Capua (Livy 26.14.6) and the Porta Laeva and Porta Domestica at Cales (CIL x, 4660).

8. Conway, R. S., The Italic Dialects (1897), p. 70, no. 61; Corte, M. Delia, Notizie degli scavi di antichitá (1916), pp. 155–8: Sgobbo and Spano, artt. citt.; Vetter, E., Handbuch der italischen Dialekte i (1953), pp. 54f., 57, nos. 23–4, 28.

9. CIL iv, 9159.

10. Salinae north of Ostia: Livy 5.45.8; 7.17.6; CIL xiv, p. 4. Salinae Romanae: Livy 24.47.15; Dessau, , ILS, 6178.

11. Conway, , op. cit., pp. 58f., no. 39; Onorato, G. O., ‘La sistemazione stradale del quartiere del Foro Triangolare di Pompei’, Rend. Linc., 8th ser. vi (1951), 250–64; Vetter, , op. cit., pp. 47–9, no. 8.

12. Onorato, art. cit.

13. Delia Corte, Sgobbo, locc. citt. (note 8); Vetter, , op. cit., p. 57, no. 28.

14. CIL x, 4660.

15. CIL x, 1698.

16. CIL ix, 5438 (A.D. 119).

17. CIL xiv, 375 (lines 15–16).

18. Carettoni, G., Colini, A. M., Cozza, L. and Gatti, G., La pianta marmorea di Romaantica: Forma urbis Romae (1960); Almeida, E. Rodriguez, Forma urbis marmorea. Aggiornamento generate 1980 (1981). Street-names: Carettoni and others, op. cit. pp. 59f., pi. XV, no. 1 (Vi[a Nova?]); p. 71, pi. XIX, no. 14 ([Vicus] Patricius); pp. 109–11, pi. XXXIII, no. 42 (Clivus Victoriae); pp. 131f., pi. XLIV, no. 285 ([Vicus Bulblarius); p. 158, pi. LIX, no. 685 ([Vicush]ast[ati]?); Almeida, Rodriguez, op. cit., p. 57, pi. I, no. 3 ([Vicus] Summi Ch[oragi]).

19. Huelsen, C., Röm. Mitt, v (1890), 5260, fig. 4; Carettoni, and others, op. cit., pp. 270 f., no. 3, tav. agg. Q, fig. 51.

20. Diodorus 12.10.7.

21. Grenfell, B. P., Hunt, A. S., and others, The Oxyrhynchus Papyri (1898–) (P. Oxy.), passim.

22. Via Diana: CIL x, 3913. Seplasia: Cicero, , In Pisonem 11.24 (cf. Asconius, , In Pisonianum 9); Pro Sestio 8.19; Pliny, , NH 16.40; 33.164. Albana and Seplasia: Cicero, , De Lege Agraria 2.34.94; Valerius Maximus 9.1, ext.l.

23. Nissen, H., Pompejanische Studien zur Städtekunde des Altertums (1877), pp. 497502; Conway, , op. cit., pp. 6971, nos. 60–3; Degering, H., ‘Über die militärischen Wegweiser in Pompeji’, Röm. Mitt, xiii (1898), 124–46; Sgobbo and Spano, artt. citt.; Vetter, , op. cit., pp. 54–7, nos. 23–8.

24. CIL iv, 3779.

25. CIL iv, 806–7.

26. Cicero, , De Oratore 2.266; Quintilian 6.3.38.

27. CIL xii, 4377 (hospitalis a Gallo Gallinacio). Generally on shop- and inn-signs Jordan, H., ‘Über römische Aushängeschilder’;, Archäologische Zeitung, xxix (1872), 6579; Mau, A., ‘Aushängeschilder’, in Pauly-Wissowa, , Realencylopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft ii, 2 (1896), 2558f.; cf. Kleberg, T., Hôtels, restaurants et cabarets dans I'antiquité romaine (Bibliotheca Ekmaniana lxi) (1957), passim.

28. A. and de Vos, M., Pompei, Ercolano, Stabia (Guide archeologiche Laterza xi) (1982), p. 302; cf. Grant, M., Cities of Vesuvius: Pompeii and Herculaneum (1971), p. 190.

29. Eschebach, H., Die städtebauliche Entwicklung des antiken Pompeji (Röm. Mitt. Ergänzungsheft xvii) (1970), pp. 117–52.

30. Plan-fragment: Carettoni, and others, op. cit., p. 207, no. 2, tav. agg. Q, fig. 47; cf. pp. 208f., no. 6, tav. agg. Q, fig. 49; Almeida, Rodriguez, op. cit., pp. 5762. Inscriptions: e.g. CIL vi, 67, 10248, 10250, 29791, 33893 (named insulae). In the country, however, we hear of at least some properties with conventional names, e.g. Livia's Villa Ad Gallinas at Primaporta (Pliny, , NH 15.137; Suetonius, , Galba 1) or Tiberius's Villa Iovis on Capri (Suetonius, , Tiberius 65).

31. Conway, , op. cit., p. 71, no. 63; Sgobbo, , art. cit., 22f.; Vetter, , op. cit., pp. 55f., no. 25.

32. CIL iv, 138.

33. CIL iv, 1136.

34. CIL x, 1063. The original function of the inscription is uncertain: cf. Kockel, V., Die Grabbauten vor dem herkulaner Tor in Pompeji (1983), p. 7, note 65.

35. P. Oxy. i (1898), 161–3, no. 99.

36. Terence, , Adelphi 572–84.

37. Ovid, , Tristia 3.1.21–34.

38. Acts 9.11.

39. Maiuri, A., La Casa del Menandro e il suo tesoro di argenteria (1932), p. 471, no. 9; Corte, M. Delia, Not. Scav. (1933), 294, no. 180.

40. Cited in Bullough, V. L. and Brundage, J., Sexual Practices and the Medieval Church (1982), pp. 179f.

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Greece & Rome
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