Skip to main content
×
×
Home

W.T. Harris, Peirce, and the Charge of Nominalism

  • David W. Agler (a1) and Marco Stango (a2)
Abstract

While a number of classical pragmatists crafted their philosophies in conjunction with a careful study of Hegel's works, others saw their philosophies emerge in antagonism with proponents of Hegel. In this paper, we offer an instance of the latter case. Namely, we show that the impetus for Charles S. Peirce's early articulation and avowal of realism (the claim that some generals are real) was William Torrey Harris's claim that the formal laws of logic lacked universal validity. According to Harris, the leading representative of Hegelism in the United States, the universal validity of the laws of logic rested on a nominalistic metaphysics that a Hegelian-realism showed to be false. In response to this charge, we articulate how Peirce's attempt to prove the universal validity of the laws of logic resulted in avowing a realism that differed from both nominalism and Harris's Hegelian-realism.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Alcott, A. B. (1938), The Journals of Bronson Alcott, ed. O. Shepard. Boston: Little, Brown and Company.
Alcott, A. B. (1969), The Letters of A. Bronson Alcott, ed. R. L. Herrnstadt. Ames, Iowa: The Iowa State University Press.
Almeder, R. (1973), ‘Peirce's Pragmatism and Scotistic Realism’, Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 9(1), 3-23.
Almeder, R. (1989), ‘Peircean Scientific Realism’, History of Philosophy Quarterly 6(4), 357-364.
Ames, C. H. (1909), ‘William Torrey Harris’, The Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 6(26), 701-709.
Bastian, R. J. (1953), ‘The “Scholastic” Realism of C. S. Peirce’, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 14(2), 246-249.
Boler, J. (1963), Charles Peirce and Scholastic Realism: A Study of Peirce's Relation to John Duns Scotus. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
Boler, J. (1980), ‘Peirce, Ockham and Scholastic Realism’, The Monist 63(3), 290-303.
Buchler, J. (1939), Charles Peirce's Empiricism. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company.
Burks, A. W. (1964), ‘Peirce's Two Theories of Probability’, in E. C. Moore and R. S. Robin (eds.), Studies in the Philosophy of Charles Sanders Peirce, Second Series. Amherst: The University of Massachusetts Press, 141-150.
Colapietro, V. (2000), ‘The Speculative Reconsidered’, The Journal of Speculative Philosophy 14(1), 7-16.
Cooke, E. F. (2006), Peirce's Pragmatic Theory of Inquiry: Fallibilism and Indeterminacy. New York: Continuum.
de Waal, C. (1996), ‘The Real Issue between Nominalism and Realism, Peirce and Berkeley Reconsidered’, Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 32(3), 425-442.
de Waal, C. (2010), ‘The History of Philosophy Conceived as a Struggle between Nominalism and Realism’, Semiotica 179(1/4), 295-313.
DeArmey, M. H.Good, J. A. (eds.) (2001), The St. Louis Hegelians: Origins, the Dialectic, and the Critique of Materialism. Bristol: Thoemmes Press.
Delaney, C. F. (1984), ‘The Journal of Speculative Philosophy Papers’, in E. C. Moore (ed.), Writings of Charles S. Peirce: A Chronological Edition. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, xxxvi-xlii.
Dowling, M. F. (1972), The St. Louis Movement: Reconstruction of the Individual and the Nation Through Speculative Philosophy. Ph.D. dissertation, St. Louis University.
Easton, L. D. (1966), Hegel's First American Followers. Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press.
Feibleman, J. K. (1946), An Introduction to Peirce's Philosophy: Interpreted as a System. New York and London: Harper & Brothers Publishers.
Fisch, M. H. (1967), ‘Peirce's Progress from Nominalism toward Realism’, The Monist 51(2), 159-178.
Fisch, M. H. (1986), ‘Philosophical Clubs in Cambridge and Boston: From Peirce's Metaphysical Club to Harris's Hegel Club’, in K. L. Ketner and C. J. W. Kloesel (eds.), Peirce, Semeiotic, and Pragmatism. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 137-170.
Forster, P. (2011), Peirce and the Threat of Nominalism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Freadman, A. (2004), The Machinery of Talk: Chares Peirce and the Sign Hypothesis. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Gallie, W. B. (1966), Peirce and Pragmatism. New York: Dover Publications, Inc.
Goetzmann, W. H. (1973), The American Hegelians: An Intellectual Episode in the History of Western America. New York: Knopf.
Goodwin, R. (1961), ‘Charles Saunders Peirce: A Modern Scotist?’, New Scholasticism 35: 478-509.
Goudge, T. A. (1950), The Thought of C.S. Peirce. Dover edition. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Haack, S. (1992), ‘“Extreme Scholastic Realism:” Its Relevance to Philosophy of Science Today’, Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 28(1), 19-50.
Harmon, F. (1943), The Social Philosophy of the St. Louis Hegelians. New York: Columbia.
Harris, W. T. (1867a), ‘Herbert Spencer’, The Journal of Speculative Philosophy 1(1), 6-22.
Harris, W. T. (1867b), ‘Introduction to Philosophy’, The Journal of Speculative Philosophy 1(1), 57-60.
Harris, W. T. (1867c), ‘Introduction to Philosophy’, The Journal of Speculative Philosophy 1(4), 236-240.
Harris, W. T. (1867d), ‘Introduction to Philosophy’, The Journal of Speculative Philosophy 1(2), 114-120.
Harris, W. T. (1867e), ‘Introduction to Philosophy’, The Journal of Speculative Philosophy 1(3), 187-190.
Harris, W. T. (1867f), ‘Preface’, The Journal of Speculative Philosophy 1 (1).
Harris, W. T. (1867g), ‘The Speculative’, The Journal of Speculative Philosophy 1(1), 2-6.
Harris, W. T. (1868a), ‘Introduction to Philosophy’, The Journal of Speculative Philosophy 2(1), 51-55.
Harris, W. T. (1868b), ‘Introduction to Philosophy’, The Journal of Speculative Philosophy 2(3), 176-181.
Hausman, C. (1993), Charles S. Peirce's Evolutionary Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hausman, C. R., Jr.Johnstone, H. W.Vaught, C. G. (1987), ‘To The Reader’, The Journal of Speculative Philosophy 1(1), 1-5.
Hookway, C. (1985), Peirce. Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Houlgate, S. (2005), An Introduction to Hegel: Freedom, Truth and History. Oxford: Blackwell.
Houlgate, S. (2006), The Opening of Hegel's ‘Logic’. West Lafayette: Purdue University Press.
James, W. (1878a), ‘Remarks on Spencer's Definition of Mind as Correspondence’, Journal of Speculative Philosophy 12(1), 1-18.
James, W. (1878b), ‘Remarks on Spencer's Definition of Mind as Correspondence’, The Journal of Speculative Philosophy 12(1), 1-18.
James, W. (1992-2004), The Correspondence of William James, ed. I. K. Skrupskelis, E. M. Berkeley, B. Grohskopf and W. Bradbeer. 12 vols. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia.
Jensen, K. E. (2004), ‘Peirce as Educator: On Some Hegelisms’, Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 40(2), 271-288.
Lane, R. (2004), ‘On Peirce's Early Realism’, Transactions of the Aberdeen Philosophical Society 40(4), 575-605.
Lane, R. (2007), ‘Peirce's Modal Shift’, Journal of the History of Philosophy 45 (4).
Leidecker, K. F. (1946), Yankee Teacher: The Life of William Torrey Harris. New York: The Philosophical Library.
Margolis, J. (1993), ‘The Passing of Peirce's Realism’, Transactions of the Aberdeen Philosophical Society 29 (3),293-3330.
McCluskey, N. G. (1958), Public Schools and Moral Education: The Influence of Horace Mann, William Torrey Harris, and John Dewey. Westport: Greenwood Press, Publishers.
Michael, F. (1988), ‘Two Forms of Scholastic Realism in Peirce's Philosophy’, Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 24(3), 317-348.
Moore, E. C. (1952), ‘The Scholastic Realism of C. S. Peirce’, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 12(3), 406-417.
Moore, E. C. (1964), ‘The Influence of Duns Scotus on Peirce’, in E. C. Moore and R. S. Robin (eds.), Studies in the Philosophy of Charles Sanders Peirce, Second Series. Amherst: The University of Massachusetts Press, 401-413.
Murphey, M. G. (1993), The Development of Peirce's Philosophy. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company. Original edition, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1961.
Nethery, W. R. (1962), ‘C. S. Peirce to W. T. Harris’, The Personalist 43(1), 35-45.
Ochs, P. (1998), Peirce, Pragmatism and the Logic of Scripture. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Parker, K. A. (1998), The Continuity of Peirce's Thought. Nashville, TN: Vanderbilt University Press.
Peirce, C. S. (1868a), ‘Questions Concerning Certain Faculties Claimed for Man’, The Journal of Speculative Philosophy 2(2), 103-114.
Peirce, C. S. (1868b), ‘Some Consequences of Four Incapacities’, The Journal of Speculative Philosophy 2(3), 140-157.
Peirce, C. S. (1869), ‘Grounds of Validity of the Laws of Logic: Further Consequences of Four Incapacities’, The Journal of Speculative Philosophy 2(4), 193-208.
Peirce, C. S. (1960), The Collected Papers of Charles Sanders Peirce, ed. C. Hartshorne and P. Weiss (vols. 1-6) and A. Burks (vols. 7-8). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Peirce, C. S. (1963-1970), The Charles S. Peirce Papers. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Library, Microreproduction Service. Microfilm Reels 1-30: Papers; Microfilm Reels 31-32: Supplement to the microfilm edition of the Charles S. Peirce Papers.
Peirce, C. S. (1982-2010), Writings of Charles S. Peirce: A Chronological Edition, ed. The Peirce Edition Project 1-6:8. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.
Peirce, C. S. (1992), Reasoning and the Logic of Things: The Cambridge Conferences Lectures of 1898, ed. K. L. Ketner. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Peirce, C. S. (1997), Pragmatism as a Principle and Method of Right Thinking: The 1903 Harvard Lectures on Pragmatism, ed. P. A. Turrisi. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
Peirce, C. S. (1998), The Essential Peirce: Selected Philosophical Writings, ed. The Peirce Edition Project. Vol. 2. Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.
Peirce, C. S.Harris, W. T. (1868), ‘Nominalism versus Realism’, The Journal of Speculative Philosophy 2(1), 57-61.
Pochmann, H. A. (1948), New England Transcendentalism and St. Louis Hegelianism. Philadelphia: Carl Schurz Memorial Foundation.
Prendergast, T. L. (1977), ‘The Structure of the Argument in Peirce's “Questions Concerning Faculties Claimed for Man’, Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 13(4), 288-305.
Roberts, D. D. (1970), ‘On Peirce's Realism’, Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 6(2), 67-83.
Shapiro, G. (1981), ‘Peirce's Critique of Hegel's Phenomenology and Dialectic’, Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 17(3), 269-275.
Short, T. L. (2007), Peirce's Theory of Signs. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Skagestad, P. (1981), The Road of Inquiry: Charles Peirce's Pragmatic Realism. New York: Columbia University Press.
Smyth, R. A. (1997), Reading Peirce Reading. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
Snider, D. J. (1910), A Writer of Books: In His Genesis. St. Louis: Sigma Publishing Co.
Snider, D. J. (1920), The St. Louis Movement in Philosophy, Literature, Education, Psychology. St. Louis: Sigma Publishing Co.
Stern, R. (2013a), ‘An Hegelian in Strange Costume? On Peirce's Relation to Hegel I’, Philosophy Compass 8(1), 53-62.
Stern, R. (2013b), ‘An Hegelian in Strange Costume? On Peirce's Relation to Hegel II’, Philosophy Compass 8(1), 63-72.
Stuhr, J. J. (2003), ‘The Journal of Speculative Philosophy, 1867-1893 (review)’, The Journal of Speculative Philosophy, New Series 17(3), 237-240.
Tiercelin, C. (1992), ‘Vagueness and the unity of Peirce's realism’, Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society (XXVIII) 1: 51-82.
Wasson, D. A. (1869), ‘Being and Nothing: In What Sense They Are Identical’, The Journal of Speculative Philosophy 2(4), 245-247.
Watson, J. (1877), ‘The Relativity of Knowledge’, The Journal of Speculative Philosophy: An Examination of the Doctrine as held by Mr. Herbert Spencer 11(1), 19-48.
Watson, J. (1878), ‘The World as Force’, The Journal of Speculative Philosophy 12(2), 113-137.
Westbrook, R. (1991), John Dewey and American Democracy. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Hegel Bulletin
  • ISSN: 2051-5367
  • EISSN: 2051-5375
  • URL: /core/journals/hegel-bulletin
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed