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Subtle Discrimination in the Workplace: A Vicious Cycle

  • Kristen P. Jones (a1), Dave F. Arena (a1), Christine L. Nittrouer (a2), Natalya M. Alonso (a3) and Alex P. Lindsey (a4)...
Abstract

Due to rising pressure to appear egalitarian, subtle discrimination pervades today's workplace. Although its ambiguous nature may make it seem innocuous on the surface, an abundance of empirical evidence suggests subtle discrimination undermines employee and organizational functioning, perhaps even more so than its overt counterpart. In the following article, we argue for a multidimensional and continuous, rather than categorical, framework for discrimination. In doing so, we propose that there exist several related but distinct continuums on which instances of discrimination vary, including subtlety, formality, and intentionality. Next, we argue for organizational scholarship to migrate toward a more developmental, dynamic perspective of subtle discrimination in order to build a more comprehensive understanding of its antecedents, underlying mechanisms, and outcomes. We further contend that everyone plays a part in the process of subtle discrimination at work and, as a result, bears some responsibility in addressing and remediating it. We conclude with a brief overview of research on subtle discrimination in the workplace from each of four stakeholder perspectives—targets, perpetrators, bystanders, and allies—and review promising strategies that can be implemented by each of these stakeholders to remediate subtle discrimination in the workplace.

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Corresponding author
Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Kristen P. Jones, Fogelman College of Business & Economics, University of Memphis, 3675 Central Avenue, FAB 201, Memphis, TN 38152. E-mail: kpjones4@memphis.edu
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