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Implementing a Multifaceted Intervention to Decrease Central Line–Associated Bloodstream Infections in SEHA (Abu Dhabi Health Services Company) Intensive Care Units: The Abu Dhabi Experience

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  14 April 2015

Asad Latif*
Affiliation:
Armstrong Institute for Patient Safety and Quality, Johns Hopkins Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland
Bernadette Kelly
Affiliation:
SEHA (Abu Dhabi Health Services Company), Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Hanan Edrees
Affiliation:
Armstrong Institute for Patient Safety and Quality, Johns Hopkins Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland
Paula S. Kent
Affiliation:
Armstrong Institute for Patient Safety and Quality, Johns Hopkins Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland
Sallie J. Weaver
Affiliation:
Armstrong Institute for Patient Safety and Quality, Johns Hopkins Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland
Branislava Jovanovic
Affiliation:
SEHA (Abu Dhabi Health Services Company), Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Hadeel Attallah
Affiliation:
SEHA (Abu Dhabi Health Services Company), Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Kristin K. de Grouchy
Affiliation:
Johns Hopkins Medicine International, Baltimore, Maryland
Ali Al-Obaidli
Affiliation:
SEHA (Abu Dhabi Health Services Company), Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Christine A. Goeschel
Affiliation:
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland MedStar Health, Columbia, Maryland
Sean M. Berenholtz
Affiliation:
Armstrong Institute for Patient Safety and Quality, Johns Hopkins Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland
*
Address correspondence to Asad Latif, MD, MPH, 600 N. Wolfe St, Meyer 297-A, Baltimore, MD 21287 (alatif1@jhmi.edu).

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To determine whether implementation of a multifaceted intervention would significantly reduce the incidence of central line–associated bloodstream infections.

DESIGN

Prospective cohort collaborative.

SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS

Intensive care units of the Abu Dhabi Health Services Company hospitals in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi.

INTERVENTIONS

A bundled intervention consisting of 3 components was implemented as part of the program. It consisted of a multifaceted approach that targeted clinician use of evidence-based infection prevention recommendations, tools that supported the identification of local barriers to these practices, and implementation ideas to help ensure patients received the practices. Comprehensive unit-based safety teams were created to improve safety culture and teamwork. Finally, the measurement and feedback of monthly infection rate data to safety teams, senior leaders, and staff in participating intensive care units was encouraged. The main outcome measure was the quarterly rate of central line–associated bloodstream infections.

RESULTS

Eighteen intensive care units from 7 hospitals in Abu Dhabi implemented the program and achieved an overall 38% reduction in their central line–associated bloodstream infection rate, adjusted at the hospital and unit level. The number of units with a quarterly central line–associated bloodstream infection rate of less than 1 infection per 1,000 catheter-days increased by almost 40% between the baseline and postintervention periods.

CONCLUSION

A significant reduction in the global morbidity and mortality associated with central line–associated bloodstream infections is possible across intensive care units in disparate settings using a multifaceted intervention.

Infect. Control Hosp. Epidemiol. 2015;36(7):816–822

Type
Original Articles
Copyright
© 2015 by The Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America. All rights reserved 

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