Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Comparing Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infection Prevention Programs Between Veterans Affairs Nursing Homes and Non–Veterans Affairs Nursing Homes

  • Lona Mody (a1) (a2), M. Todd Greene (a3) (a4), Sanjay Saint (a3) (a5) (a4), Jennifer Meddings (a5) (a4) (a6), Barbara W. Trautner (a7) (a8), Heidi L. Wald (a9), Christopher Crnich (a10) (a11), Jane Banaszak-Holl (a12) (a13), Sara E. McNamara (a2), Beth J. King (a14), Robert Hogikyan (a1) (a5) (a2), Barbara S. Edson (a15) and Sarah L. Krein (a3) (a4)...
Abstract
OBJECTIVE

The impact of healthcare system integration on infection prevention programs is unknown. Using catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) prevention as an example, we hypothesize that US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) nursing homes have a more robust infection prevention infrastructure due to integration and centralization compared with non–VA nursing homes.

SETTING

VA and non-VA nursing homes participating in the AHRQ Safety Program for Long-Term Care collaborative.

METHODS

Nursing homes provided baseline information about their infection prevention programs to assess strengths and gaps related to CAUTI prevention via a needs assessment questionnaire.

RESULTS

A total of 353 of 494 nursing homes from 41 states (71%; 47 VA and 306 non-VA facilities) responded. VA nursing homes reported more hours per week devoted to infection prevention-related activities (31 vs 12 hours; P<.001) and were more likely to have committees that reviewed healthcare-associated infections. Compared with non-VA facilities, a higher percentage of VA nursing homes reported tracking CAUTI rates (94% vs 66%; P<.001), sharing CAUTI data with leadership (94% vs 70%; P=.014) and with nursing personnel (85% vs 56%, P=.003). However, fewer VA nursing homes reported having policies for appropriate catheter use (64% vs 81%; P=.004) and catheter insertion (83% vs 94%; P=.004).

CONCLUSIONS

Among nursing homes participating in an AHRQ-funded collaborative, VA and non-VA nursing homes differed in their approach to CAUTI prevention. Best practices from both settings should be applied universally to create an optimal infection prevention program within emerging integrated healthcare systems.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2017;38:287–293

Copyright
Corresponding author
Address correspondence to Lona Mody, MD, MSc, University of Michigan Medical School, Division of Geriatric and Palliative Medicine, 300 N. Ingalls St, Room 905, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (lonamody@umich.edu) or Sarah L. Krein, PhD, RN, Center for Clinical Management Research Ann Arbor Veterans Affairs Healthcare System, PO Box 130170, Ann Arbor, MI 48113 (skrein@umich.edu).
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

4. EP Peron , AA Hirsch , LA July , RL Jump , CJ Donskey . Another setting for stewardship: high rate of unnecessary antimicrobial use in a Veterans’ Affairs long-term care facility. J Am Geriatr Soc 2013;61:289290.

6. Z Ye , DB Mukamel , SS Huang , Y Li , H Temkin-Greener . Healthcare-associated pathogens and nursing home policies and practices: results from a national survey. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2015;36:759766.

8. CT Herzig , PW Stone , N Castle , et al. Infection prevention and control programs in US nursing homes: results of a national survey. J Am Med Dir Assoc 2016;17:8588.

9. L Mody , J Meddings , BS Edson , et al. Enhancing resident safety by preventing healthcare-associated infection: a national initiative to reduce catheter-associated urinary tract infections in nursing homes. Clin Infect Dis 2015;61:8694.

10. S Saint , MT Greene , SL Krein , et al. A program to prevent catheter-associated urinary tract infection in acute care. New Engl J Med 2016;374:21112119.

11. L Mody , SL Krein , S Saint , et al. A targeted infection prevention intervention in nursing home residents with indwelling devices: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA Intern Med 2015;175:714723.

12. L Mody , S Saint , A Galecki , S Chen , S Krein . Knowledge of evidence-based urinary catheter care practice recommendations among healthcare workers in nursing homes. J Am Geriatric Soc 2010;58:15321537.

13. A Montoya , S Chen , A Galecki , S McNamara , B Lansing , L Mody . Does policy awareness influence knowledge about hand hygiene and urinary catheter care in nursing homes? Am J Infect Control 2013;41:e55e57.

14. ND Stone , MS Ashraf , J Calder , et al. Surveillance definitions of infections in long-term care facilities: revisiting the McGeer criteria. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2012;33:965977.

16. SM Asch , EA McGlynn , MM Hogan , et al. Comparison of quality of care for patients in the Veterans’ Health Administration and patients in a national sample. Ann Intern Med 2004;141:938945.

17. AN Trivedi , S Matula , I Miake-Lye , PA Glassman , P Shekelle , S Asch . Systematic review: comparison of the quality of medical care in Veterans’ Affairs and non-Veterans’ Affairs settings. Med Care 2011;49:7688.

18. SV Nuti , L Qin , JS Rumsfeld , et al. Association of admission to Veterans’ Affairs hospitals vs non-Veterans’ Affairs hospitals with mortality and readmission rates among older men hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction, heart failure, or pneumonia. JAMA 2016;315:582592.

19. ME Evans , SM Kralovic , LA Simbartl , et al. Nationwide reduction of health care-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections in Veterans’ Affairs long-term care facilities. Am J Infect Control 2014;42:6062.

20. SL Krein , CP Kowalski , TP Hofer , S Saint . Preventing hospital-acquired infections: a national survey of practices reported by US hospitals in 2005 and 2009. J Gen Intern Med 2012;27:773779.

21. SL Krein , TP Hofer , CP Kowalski , et al. Use of central venous catheter-related bloodstream infection prevention practices by US hospitals. Mayo Clin Proc 2007;82:672678.

22. ML Render , R Hasselbeck , RW Freyberg , TP Hofer , AE Sales , PL Almenoff . Reduction of central line infections in Veterans’ Administration intensive care units: an observational cohort using a central infrastructure to support learning and improvement. BMJ Qual Saf 2011;20:725732.

23. ML Render , RW Freyberg , R Hasselbeck , et al. Infrastructure for quality transformation: measurement and reporting in Veterans’ Administration intensive care units. BMJ Qual Saf 2011;20:498507.

27. C Hawes , V Mor , CD Phillips , et al. The OBRA-87 nursing home regulations and implementation of the resident assessment instrument: effects on process quality. J Am Geriatr Soc 1997;45:977985.

30. L Tsan , R Langberg , C Davis , et al. Nursing-home associated infections in the Department of Veterans’ Affairs community living centers. Am J Infect Control 2010;38:461466.

31. C van den Dool , A Haenen , T Leenstra , J Wallinga . The role of nursing homes in the spread of antimicrobial resistance over the healthcare network. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2016;37:761767.

32. JM McWilliams , ME Chernew , AM Zaslavsky , BE Landon . Post-acute care and ACOs—who will be accountable? Health Serv Res 2013;48:15261538.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology
  • ISSN: 0899-823X
  • EISSN: 1559-6834
  • URL: /core/journals/infection-control-and-hospital-epidemiology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×
Type Description Title
PDF
Supplementary Materials

Mody supplementary material
Mody supplementary material 1

 PDF (476 KB)
476 KB

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 23
Total number of PDF views: 142 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 1324 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 5th December 2016 - 18th August 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.