3. Hafner, JM, Williams, SC, Koss, RG, Tschurtz, BA, Schmaltz, SP, Loeb, JM. The perceived impact of public reporting hospital performance data: interviews with hospital staff. Int J Qual Health Care 2011;23:697–704.
4. Lindenauer, PK, Lagu, T, Ross, JS, et al. Attitudes of hospital leaders toward publicly reported measures of health care quality. JAMA Intern Med 2014;174:1904–1911.
5. Hallsworth, M, Chadborn, T, Sallis, A, et al. Provision of social norm feedback to high prescribers of antibiotics in general practice: a pragmatic national randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2016;387(10029):1743–1752.
6. Abbo, L, Sinkowitz-Cochran, R, Smith, L, et al. Faculty and resident physicians’ attitudes, perceptions, and knowledge about antimicrobial use and resistance. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2011;32:714–718.
7. Chaves, NJ, Cheng, AC, Runnegar, N, Kirschner, J, Lee, T, Buising, K. Analysis of knowledge and attitude surveys to identify barriers and enablers of appropriate antimicrobial prescribing in three Australian tertiary hospitals. Intern Med J 2014;44:568–574.
8. Salsgiver, E, Bernstein, D, Simon, MS, et al. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding antimicrobial use and stewardship among prescribers at acute-care hospitals. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2018;39:316–322.
9. McIntyre, MT, Naik, L, Bell, CM, Morris, AM. Development and assessment of a physician-specific antimicrobial usage and spectrum feedback tool. Open Forum Infect Dis 2017;4:ofx124–ofx124.
10. Navathe, AS, Emanuel, EJ. Physician peer comparisons as a nonfinancial strategy to improve the value of care. JAMA 2016;316:1759–1760.