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ERCP Scopes: What Can We Do to Prevent Infections?

  • William A. Rutala (a1) (a2) and David J. Weber (a1) (a2)
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Abstract
Copyright
Corresponding author
Address correspondence to William A. Rutala, PhD, MPH, Director, Hospital Epidemiology, Occupational Health, and Safety Program, Room 1001 West Wing, UNC Health Care Chapel Hill, NC 27514 (brutala@unch.unc.edu).
References
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1. Interim protocol for healthcare facilities regarding surveillance for bacterial contamination of duodenoscopes after reprocessing. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website.http://www.cdc.gov/hai/organisms/cre/cre-duodenoscope-surveillance-protocol.html. Published 2015. Accessed March 27, 2015.
2. Design of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) duodenoscopes may impede effective cleaning: FDA safety communication. Food and Drug Administration website. http://www.fda.gov/MedicalDevices/Safety/AlertsandNotices/ucm434871.htm. Published 2015. Accessed March 26, 2015.
3. Wendorf, KA, Kay, M, Baliga, C, et al. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography-associated AmpC Escherichia coli outbreak. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2015;36:634642.
4. Epstein, L, Hunter, JC, Arwady, MA, et al. New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase-producing carbapenem-resistant Escherichia coli associated with exposure to duodenoscopes. JAMA 2014;312:14471455.
5. Carbonne, A, Thiolet, JM, Fournier, S, et al. Control of a multi-hospital outbreak of KPC-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae type 2 in France, September to October 2009. Euro Surveill 2010:15:pii=19734.
6. Rutala, WA, Weber, DJ. Gastrointestinal endoscopes: a need to shift from disinfection to sterilization. JAMA 2014;312:14051406.
7. Rutala, WA, Weber, DJ. Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee. Guideline for disinfection and sterilization in healthcare facilities, 2008. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dhqp/pdf/guidelines/Disinfection_Nov_2008.pdf. Published 2008. Accessed March 27, 2015.
8. Petersen, BT, Chennat, J, Cohen, J, et al. Multisociety guideline on reprocessing flexible GI endoscopes: 2011. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2011;32:527537.
9. Kovaleva, J, Peters, FTM, van der Mei, HC, Degener, JE. Transmission of infection by flexible gastrointestinal endoscopy and bronchoscopy. Clin Reviews Microbiol 2013;26:231253.
10. Rutala, WA, Weber, DJ. How to assess risk of disease transmission when there is a failure to follow recommended disinfection and sterilization principles. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2007;28:519524.
11. Ofstead, CL, Wetzler, HP, Snyder, AK, Horton, RA. Endoscope reprocessing methods: a prospective study on the impact of human factors and automation. Gastroenterol Nurs 2010;33:304311.
12. Roberts, CG. Studies on the bioburden on medical devices and the importance of cleaning. In: Rutala WA, ed. Disinfection, sterilization and antisepsis: principles and practices in healthcare facilities. Washington, DC: Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology; 2000:6369.
13. Alfa, MJ, Degagne, P, Olson, N. Worst-case soiling levels for patient-used flexible endoscopes before and after cleaning. Am J Infect Control 1999;27:392410.
14. Rutala, WA, Weber, DJ. FDA labeling requirements for disinfection of endoscopes: a counterpoint. Infection Control Hosp Epidemiol 1995;16:231235.
15. New reprocessing instructions for the Olympus TJF Q180V duodenoscope. Olympus America website. http://medical.olympusamerica.com/sites/default/files/pdf/150326_TJF-Q180V_Customer_letter.pdf). Published 2015. Accessed March 27, 2015.
16. Alfa, MJ, Fatima, I, Olson, N. Validation of adenosine triphosphate to audit manual cleaning of flexible endoscope channels. Am J Infect Control 2013;41:245248.
17. American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopists Technology Committee. Technologies for monitoring the quality of endoscope reprocessing. Gastrointest Endosc 2014;80:369372.
18. Schneider, PM. New technologies and trends in sterilization and disinfection. Am J Infect Control 2013;41:S81S86.
19. Alfa, MJ, DeGagne, P, Olson, N, Puchalski, T. Comparison of ion plasma, vaporized hydrogen peroxide, and 100% ethylene oxide sterilizers to the 12/88 ethylene oxide gas sterilizer. Infection Control Hosp Epidemiol 1996;17:92100.
20. Alfa, MJ, Olson, N, DeGagne, P, Hizon, R. New low temperature sterilization technologies: microbicidal activity and clinical efficacy. In: Rutala WA, ed. Disinfection, sterilization and antisepsis in health care. Washington, DC: APIC and Champlain, NY: Polyscience Publications; 1998:6778.
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Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology
  • ISSN: 0899-823X
  • EISSN: 1559-6834
  • URL: /core/journals/infection-control-and-hospital-epidemiology
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