Kohn LT, Corrigan JM, Donaldson MS, eds. To err is human: building a safer health system. National Academy of Sciences, 2000.
Klevens RM, Edwards JR, Richards CL Jr, et al.
Estimating health care-associated infections and deaths in US hospitals, 2002. Public Health Rep
Ranji SR, Shetty K, Posley KA, et al.
Volume 6: prevention of healthcare-associated infections. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; 2007 January 2007. AHRQ publication 04(07)-0051-6.
Yokoe DS, Mermel LA, Anderson DJ, et al.
A compendium of strategies to prevent healthcare-associated infections in acute care hospitals. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol
2008;29(suppl 1): S12–S21.
Wald HL, Kramer AM. Nonpayment for harms resulting from medical care: catheter-associated urinary tract infections. JAMA
Pronovost PJ, Goeschel CA, Wachter RM. The wisdom and justice of not paying for “preventable complications.”
Brown A, Wells P, Jaffey J, et al.
Point-of-care monitoring devices for long-term oral anticoagulation therapy: clinical and cost effectiveness. Ottawa: Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health, 2007. Technology report 72.
DiGiovine B, Chenoweth C, Watts C, Higgins M. The attributable mortality and costs of primary nosocomial bloodstream infections in the intensive care unit. Am J Respir Crit Care Med
Harbarth S, Sax H, Gastmeier P. The preventable proportion of nosocomial infections: An overview of published reports. J Hosp Infect
Shannon RP, Patel B, Cummins D, Shannon AH, Ganguli G, Lu Y. Economics of central line-associated bloodstream infections. Am J Med Qual
Warren DK, Quadir WW, Hollenbeak CS, Elward AM, Cox MJ, Fraser VJ. Attributable cost of catheter-associated bloodstream infections among intensive care patients in a nonteaching hospital. Crit Care Med
Dimick JB, Pelz RK, Consunji R, Swoboda SM, Hendrix CW, Lipsett PA. Increased resource use associated with catheter-related bloodstream infection in the surgical intensive care unit. Arch Surg
Lansford T, Moncure M, Carlton E, et al.
Efficacy of a pneumonia prevention protocol in the reduction of ventilator-associated pneumonia in trauma patients. Surg Infect (Larchmt)
Warren DK, Shukla SJ, Olsen MA, et al.
Outcome and attributable cost of ventilator-associated pneumonia among intensive care unit patients in a suburban medical center. Crit Care Med
Tambyah PA, Knasinski V, Maki DG. The direct costs of nosocomial catheter-associated urinary tract infection in the era of managed care. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol
Saint S, Veenstra DL, Sullivan SD, Chenoweth C, Fendrick AM. The potential clinical and economic benefits of silver alloy urinary catheters in preventing urinary tract infection. Arch Intern Med
Bologna RA, Tu LM, Polansky M, Fraimow HD, Gordon DA, Whitmore KE. Hydrogel/silver ion-coated urinary catheter reduces nosocomial urinary tract infection rates in intensive care unit patients: a multicenter study. Urology
Dimick JB, Chen SL, Taheri PA, Henderson WG, Khuri SF, Campbell DA Jr. Hospital costs associated with surgical complications: a report from the private-sector national surgical quality improvement program. J Am Coll Surg
Haley RW, Culver DH, White JW, Morgan WM, Emori TG. The nationwide nosocomial infection rate: a new need for vital statistics. Am J Epidemiol
Haley RW, Culver DH, White JW, et al.
The efficacy of infection surveillance and control programs in preventing nosocomial infections in US hospitals. Am J Epidemiol
Braun BI, Kritchevsky SB, Wong ES, et al.
Preventing central venous catheter-associated primary bloodstream infections: characteristics of practices among hospitals participating in the evaluation of processes and indicators in infection control (EPIC) study. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol
Kaye KS, Engemann JJ, Fulmer EM, Clark CC, Noga EM, Sexton DJ. Favorable impact of an infection control network on nosocomial infection rates in community hospitals. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol
Pittet D, Harbarth S. What techniques for diagnosis of ventilator-associated pneumonia? [see comment]. Lancet
Meisen WG, Rovers MM, Bonten MJ. Ventilator-associated pneumonia and mortality: a systematic review of observational studies. Crit Care Med
Perencevich EN, Stone PW, Wright SB, et al.
Raising standards while watching the bottom line: making a business case for infection control. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol
Pronovost P, Needham D, Berenholtz S, et al.
An intervention to decrease catheter-related bloodstream infections in the ICU. N Engl J Med
Berenholtz SM, Pronovost PJ, Lipsett PA, et al.
Eliminating catheter-related bloodstream infections in the intensive care unit. Crit Care Med
Coopersmith CM, Zack JE, Ward MR, et al.
The impact of bedside behavior on catheter-related bacteremia in the intensive care unit. Arch Surg
Warren DK, Zack JE, Mayfield JL, et al.
The effect of an education program on the incidence of central venous catheter-associated bloodstream infection in a medical ICU. Chest
Warren DK, Zack JE, Cox MJ, Cohen MM, Fraser VJ. An educational intervention to prevent catheter-associated bloodstream infections in a nonteaching, community medical center. Crit Care Med
Coopersmith CM, Rebmann TL, Zack JE, et al.
Effect of an education program on decreasing catheter-related bloodstream infections in the surgical intensive care unit. Crit Care Med
Sherertz RJ, Ely EW, Westbrook DM, et al.
Education of physicians-in-training can decrease the risk for vascular catheter infection. Ann Intern Med
Babcock HM, Zack JE, Garrison T, et al.
An educational intervention to reduce ventilator-associated pneumonia in an integrated health system: a comparison of effects. Chest
Zack JE, Garrison T, Trovillion E, et al.
Effect of an education program aimed at reducing the occurrence of ventilator-associated pneumonia. Crit Care Med
Lai KK, Baker SP, Fontecchio SA. Impact of a program of intensive surveillance and interventions targeting ventilated patients in the reduction of ventilator-associated pneumonia and its cost-effectiveness. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol
Topal J, Conklin S, Camp K, Morris V, Balcezak T, Herbert P. Prevention of nosocomial catheter-associated urinary tract infections through computerized feedback to physicians and a nurse-directed protocol. Am J Med Qual
Dumigan DG, Kohan CA, Reed CR, Jekel JF, Fikrig MK. Utilizing national nosocomial infection surveillance system data to improve urinary tract infection rates in three intensive-care units. Clin Perform Qual Health Care
Dellinger EP, Hausmann SM, Bratzier DW, et al.
Hospitals collaborate to decrease surgical site infections. Am J Surg
Lutarewych M, Morgan SP, Hall MM. Improving outcomes of coronary artery bypass graft infections with multiple interventions: putting science and data to the test. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol
Rao N, Schilling D, Rice J, Ridenour M, Mook W, Santa E. Prevention of postoperative mediastinitis: a clinical process improvement model. J Healthc Qual
Cocanour CS, Ostrosky-Zeichner L, Peninger M, et al.
Cost of a ventilator-associated pneumonia in a shock trauma intensive care unit. Surg Infect (Larchmt)
Relio J, Ollendorf DA, Oster G, et al.
Epidemiology and outcomes of ventilator-associated pneumonia in a large US database. Cliesi
Herwaldt LA, Cullen JJ, Scholz D, et al.
A prospective study of outcomes, healthcare resource utilization, and costs associated with postoperative nosocomial infections. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol
Kirkland KB, Briggs JP, Trivette SL, Wilkinson WE, Sexton DJ. The impact of surgical-site infections in the 1990s: attributable mortality, excess length of hospitalization, and extra costs. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol
Perencevich EN, Sands KE, Cosgrove SE, Guadagnoli E, Meara E, Platt R. Health and economic impact of surgical site infections diagnosed after hospital discharge. Emerg Infect Dis
Dimick JB, Pronovost PJ, Cowan JA, Lipsett PA. Complications and costs after high-risk surgery: where should we focus quality improvement initiatives?
J Am Coll Surg
Herwaldt LA, Swartzendruber SK, Edmond MB, et al.
The epidemiology of hemorrhage related to cardiothoracic operations. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol