We hypothesized that a program of prospective intensive surveillance for ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) and concomitant implementations of multimodal, multidisciplinary preventive and intervention strategies would result in a reduction in the incidence of VAP and would be cost-effective.
Medical and surgical intensive care units (ICUs) in a university teaching hospital.
All ventilated patients in the medical and surgical ICUs were monitored for VAP from January 1997 through December 1998. Interventions including elevation of the head of the bed, use of sterile water and replacement of stopcocks with enteral valves for nasogastric feeding tubes, and prolongation of changing of in-line suction catheters from 24 hours to as needed were implemented.
The rates of VAP decreased by 10.8/1,000 ventilator-days in the medical ICU (CI95, 4.65-16.91) and by 17.2/1,000 ventilator-days in the surgical ICU (CI95> 2.85-31.56) when they were compared for 1997 and 1998. With the use of the estimated cost of a VAP of $4,947 from the literature, the reduction resulted in cost savings of $178,092 and $148,410 in the medical and surgical ICUs, respectively, for a total of $326,482. In addition, $25,497 was saved due to the lengthening of the time for the change of in-line suction catheters, resulting in a cost savings of $351,979. This total cost savings of $351,979 minus the cost of enteral valves of $2,100 resulted in total net savings of $349,899.
Intensive surveillance and interventions targeted at ventilated patients resulted in reduction of VAP and appeared to be cost-effective.
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