Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa

Improving Healthcare Environmental Cleaning and Disinfection Current and Evolving Issues

  • Philip C. Carling (a1) and Susan S. Huang (a2)
Corresponding author
Department of Infectious Diseases, Carney Hospital, 2100 Dorchester Avenue, Boston, MA 02124 (
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

3. SJ Dancer . Hospital cleaning in the 21st century. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2011;30:14731481.

4. M Dettenkofer , RC Spencer . Importance of environmental decontamination—a critical view. J Hosp Infect 2007;65(suppl 2):5557.

5. SJ Dancer . How do we assess hospital cleaning? a proposal for microbiological standards for surface hygiene in hospitals. J Hosp Infect 2004;56:1015.

8. MK Hayden , MJ Bonten , DW Blom , EA Lyle , DA van de Vijver , RA Weinstein . Reduction in acquisition of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus after enforcement of routine environmental cleaning measures. Clin Infect Dis 2006;42(11):15521560.

10. S Huang , R Datta , R Platt . Risk of acquiring antibiotic-resistant bacteria from prior room occupants. Arch Intern Med 2006;166:19451951.

13. A Neely , MP Maley , GD Warden . Computer keyboards as a reservoir for Acinetobacter baumannii in a burn hospital. Clin Infect Dis 1999;29:13581359.

14. JL Po , R Burke , C Sulis , PC Carling . Dangerous cows: an analysis of disinfection cleaning of computer keyboards on wheels. Am J Infect Control 2009;37:778780.

15. DM Dumford 3rd, MM Nerandzic , BC Eckstein , CJ Donskey . What is on that keyboard? detecting hidden environmental reservoirs of Clostridium difficile during an outbreak associated with North American pulsed-field gel electrophoresis type 1 strains. Am J Infect Control 2009;37(1):1519.

16. PC Carling , JM Bartley . Evaluating hygienic cleaning in healthcare settings: what you do not know can harm your patients. Am J Infect Control 2010;38(5 suppl 1):S41S50.

17. WA Rutala , D Webber . Disinfection and sterilization: an overview. Am J Infect Control 2013 (forthcoming).

18. JA Otter . Evidence that contaminated surfaces contribute to the transmission of hospital pathogens and an overview of strategies to address contaminated surfaces in hospital settings. Am J Infect Control 2013 (forthcoming).

19. CL Donskey . Does improving surface cleaning and disinfection reduce healthcare-associated infections?Am J Infect Control 2013 (forthcoming).

20. PC Carling . Methods for assessing the adequacy of practices and improving room disinfection. Am J Infect Control 2013 (forthcoming).

21. D Webber . Role of the environment in the transmission of Clostridium difficile in healthcare facilities. Am J Infect Control 2013 (forthcoming).

22. G Aygün , O Demirkiran , T Utku , et al.Environmental contamination during a carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii outbreak in an intensive care unit. J Hosp Infect 2002;52(4):259262.

24. JM Boyce , G Potter-Bynoe , C Chenevert , T King . Environmental contamination due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: possible infection control implications. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 1997;18(9):622627.

25. S Chang , AK Sethi , BC Eckstein , U Stiefel , JL Cadnum , CJ Donskey . Skin and environmental contamination with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus among carriers identified clinically versus through active surveillance. Clin Infect Dis 2009;48(10):14231428.

26. MM Riggs , AK Sethi , TF Zabarsky , EC Eckstein , RL Jump , CJ Donskey . Asymptomatic carriers are a potential source for transmission of epidemic and nonepidemic Clostridium difficile strains among long-term care facility residents. Clin Infect Dis 2007;45(8):992998.

27. SJ Dancer . Importance of the environment in meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus acquisition: the case for hospital cleaning. Lancet Infect Dis 2008;8(2):101113.

30. A Rampling , S Wiseman , L Davis , et al.Evidence that hospital hygiene is important in the control of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. J Hosp Infect 2001;49(2):109116.

31. BC Eckstein , DA Adams , EC Eckstein . Reduction of Clostridium difficile and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus contamination of environmental surfaces after an intervention to improve cleaning methods. BMC Infect Dis 2007;7:61.

37. ML Murphy , DA Macbeth , P Derrington , P Carling . An assessment of high touch object cleaning thoroughness using a fluorescent marker in two Australian hospitals. Healthc Infect 2012;16(4):156163.

42. R Datta , R Piatt , DS Yokoe , SS Huang . Environmental cleaning intervention and risk of acquiring multidrug-resistant organisms from prior room occupants. Arch Intern Med 2011;171(6):491494.

44. D Mulvey , P Redding , C Robertson , et al.Finding a benchmark for monitoring hospital cleanliness. J Hosp Infect 2011;77(1):2530.

45. GS Whiteley , C Deny , T Glasbey . The comparative performance of three brands of portable ATP-bioluminometer intended for use in hospital infection control. Healthc Infect 2012;17(3):9197.

46. DJ Malik , G Shama . Estimating surface contamination by means of ATP determinations: 20 pence short of a pound. J Hosp Infect 2012;80(4):354355.

47. G Shama , DJ Malik . The uses and abuses of rapid biolumi-nescence-based ATP assays. Int J Hyg Environ Health 2013;216(2):115125.

52. ME Rupp . Environmental cleaning and disinfection: only one piece of the critical care infection control puzzle. Crit Care Med 2011;39:881882.

54. KA Sepkowitz . Why doesn't hand hygiene work better? Lancet Infect Dis 2012;12:9697.

55. N Omidbakhsh , SA Sattar . Broad-spectrum microbicidal activity, toxicologic assessment, and materials compatibility of a new generation of accelerated hydrogen peroxide-based environmental surface disinfectant. Am J Infect Control 2006;34:251257.

56. WA Rutala . Research and new technologies in disinfection, sterilization and antisepsis. Am J Infect Control 2013 (forthcoming).

57. AG Matlow , R Wray , SE Richardson . Attitudes and beliefs, not just knowledge, influence the effectiveness of environmental cleaning by environmental service workers. Am J Infect Control 2012;40(3):260262.

60. S Nijssen , MJ Bonten , RA Weinstein . Are active microbiological surveillance and subsequent isolation needed to prevent the spread of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus?. Clin Infect Dis 2005;40(3):405409.

61. MH Wilcox , WN Fawley , N Wigglesworth , P Parnell , P Verity , J Freeman . Comparison of the effect of detergent vs. hypoclorite cleaning on environmental contamination in incidence of Clostridium difficile infection. J Hosp Infect 2003;54:109114.

63. EA Grabsch , AA Mahony , DR Cameron . Significant reduction in vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus colonization and bacteremia after introduction of a bleach-based cleaning-disinfection programme. J Hosp Infect 2012;82:234242.

64. EN Prencevich . Deconstructing the Veterans Affairs MRSA prevention bundle. Clin Infect Dis 2012;54:16211623.

69. CU Köser , MT Holden , MJ Ellington , et al.Rapid whole-genome sequencing for investigation of a neonatal MRSA outbreak. N Engl J Med 2012;366(24):22672275.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology
  • ISSN: 0899-823X
  • EISSN: 1559-6834
  • URL: /core/journals/infection-control-and-hospital-epidemiology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 66 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 381 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 23rd May 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.