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Improving Outpatient Antibiotic Prescribing for Respiratory Tract Infections: Results of New Algorithms Used in European Trials

  • Robert Gaynes (a1) and Stuart Levy (a2)
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Address correspondence to Robert Gaynes, MD, Emory University School of Medicine, 1670 Clairmont Rd, Decatur, GA 30033 (
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2. D Shapiro , LA Hicks , AT Pavia , AL Hersh . Antibiotic prescribing for adults in ambulatory care in the USA, 2007–09. J Antimicrob Chemother 2014;69:234240.

5. A Jartti , E Rauvala , H Kauma , M Renko , M Kunnari , H Syrjälä . Chest imaging findings in hospitalized patients with H1N1 influenza. Acta Radiol 2011;52:297304.

7. CC Butler , K Hood , T Verheij , et al. Variation in antibiotic prescribing and its impact on recovery in patients with acute cough in primary care: prospective study in 13 countries. BMJ 2009;338:b2242b2250.

8. ML Barnett , JA Linder . Antibiotic prescribing for adults with acute bronchitis in the United States, 1996–2010. JAMA 2014;311:20202022.

10. TG Phillips , J Hickner . Calling acute bronchitis a chest cold may improve patient satisfaction with appropriate antibiotic use. J Am Board Fam Pract 2005;18:459463.

17. SF van Vugt , BD Broekhuizen , C Lammens , et al.; GRACE consortium. Use of serum C reactive protein and procalcitonin concentrations in addition to symptoms and signs to predict pneumonia in patients presenting to primary care with acute cough: diagnostic study. BMJ 2013;346:f2450.

18. Y Huang , R Chen , T Wu , X Wei , A Guo . Association between point-of-care CRP testing and antibiotic prescribing in respiratory tract infections: a systematic review and meta-analysis of primary care studies. Brit J Gen Pract 2013;63:e787e794.

19. V Van der Meer , AK Neven , PJ van de Brock , W Assendelft . Diagnostic value of C reactive protein in infections of the lower respiratory tract: systematic review. BMJ 2005;331:26.

21. JW Cals , AJ Ament , K Hood , et al. C-reactive protein point of care testing and physician communication skills training for lower respiratory tract infections in general practice: economic evaluation of a cluster randomized trial. J Eval Clin Pract 2011;17:10591069.

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Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology
  • ISSN: 0899-823X
  • EISSN: 1559-6834
  • URL: /core/journals/infection-control-and-hospital-epidemiology
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