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Posttraumatic Stress Disorder After Occupational HIV Exposure: Two Cases and a Literature Review

  • Michael G. Worthington (a1), John J. Ross (a1) and Ellen K. Bergeron (a2)

Two healthcare workers developed disabling chronic posttraumatic stress disorder after needlestick exposures to blood from a patient infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), even though both continue to test negative for HIV antibody more than 22 months after their exposures. We describe these 2 cases and review the relevant literature. Prospective studies of psychological morbidity after occupational needlestick injuries are required to determine the role of long-term psychological follow-up, counseling, and support.

Corresponding author
Division of Infectious Diseases, Caritas St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, 736 Cambridge St., Boston, MA 02135 (
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Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology
  • ISSN: 0899-823X
  • EISSN: 1559-6834
  • URL: /core/journals/infection-control-and-hospital-epidemiology
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