1.Talbot TR, Bradley SE, Cosgrove SE, Ruef C, Siegel JD, Weber DJ. Influenza vaccination of healthcare workers and vaccine allocation for healthcare workers during vaccine shortages. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2005;26(11):882–890.
2.Interim within-season estimate of the effectiveness of trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine—Marshfield, Wisconsin, 2007-08 influenza season. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2008;57(15):393–398.
3.Shugarman LR, Hales C, Setodji CM, Bardenheier B, Lynn J. The influence of staff and resident immunization rates on influenza-like illness outbreaks in nursing homes. J Am Med Dir Assoc 2006;7(9):562–567.
4.van den Dool C, Bonten MJ, Hak E, Wallinga J. Modeling the effects of influenza vaccination of healthcare workers in hospital departments. Vaccine 2009;27(44):6261–6267.
5.van den Dool C, Bonten MJ, Hak E, Heijne JC, Wallinga J. The effects of influenza vaccination of healthcare workers in nursing homes: insights from a mathematical model. PLoS Med 2008;5(10):e200.
6.Burls A, Jordan R, Barton P, et al. Vaccinating healthcare workers against influenza to protect the vulnerable—is it a good use of healthcare resources? A systematic review of the evidence and an economic evaluation. Vaccine 2006;24(19):4212–4221.
7.Chicaiza-Becerra LA, Garcia-Molina M, Ballesteros M, Gamboa O, Diaz J, Vega R. Economie evaluation of influenza vaccine applied to health personnel attending hospitalised oncological patients [in Spanish]. Re-vista de Salud Publica (Bogota) 2008;10(5):756–766.
8.Carman WF, Elder AG, Wallace LA, et al.Effects of influenza vaccination of healthcare workers on mortality of elderly people in long-term care: a randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2000;355(9198):93–97.
9.Potter J, Stott DJ, Roberts MA, et al.Influenza vaccination of healthcare workers in long-term care hospitals reduces the mortality of elderly patients. J Infect Dis 1997;175(1):1–6.
10.Hayward AC, Harling R, Wetten S, et al.Effectiveness of an influenza vaccine programme for care home staff to prevent death, morbidity, and health service use among residents: cluster randomised controlled trial. BMJ 2006;333(7581):1241.
11.Lemaitre M, Meret T, Rothan-Tondeur M, et al.Effect of influenza vaccination of nursing home staff on mortality of residents: a cluster-randomized trial. J Am Geriatr Soc 2009;57(9):1580–1586.
12.Thomas RE, Jefferson T, Lasserson TJ. Influenza vaccination for healthcare workers who work with the elderly. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2010;2:CD005187.
13.Elder AG, O'Donnell B, McCruden EA, Symington IS, Carman WF. Incidence and recall of influenza in a cohort of Glasgow healthcare workers during the 1993-4 epidemic: results of serum testing and questionnaire. BMf 1996;313(7067):1241–1242.
14.Weingarten S, Riedinger M, Bolton LB, Miles P, Ault M. Barriers to influenza vaccine acceptance: a survey of physicians and nurses. Am J Infect Control 1989;17(4):202–207.
15.Bridges CB, Thompson WW, Meitzer MI, et al.Effectiveness and cost-benefit of influenza vaccination of healthy working adults: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA 2000;284(13):1655–1663.
16.Nichol KL, Lind A, Margolis KL, et al.The effectiveness of vaccination against influenza in healthy, working adults. N Engl J Med 1995;333(14):889–893.
17.Kane RL, Shamliyan T, Mueller C, Duval S, Wilt TJ. Nurse staffing and quality of patient care. Evid Rep Technol Assess (Full Rep) 2007;(151):1–115.
18.Hugonnet S, Chevrolet JC, Pittet D. The effect of workload on infection risk in critically ill patients. Crit Care Med 2007;35(1):76–81.
21.Caban-Martinez AJ, Lee DJ, Davila EP, et al.Sustained low influenza vaccination rates in US healthcare workers. Prev Med 2010;50(4):210–212.
23.Rakita RM, Hagar BA, Crome P, Lammert JK. Mandatory influenza vaccination of healthcare workers: a 5-year study. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2010;31(9):881–888.
24.Babcock HM, Gemeinhart N, Jones M, Dunagan WC, Woeltje KF. Mandatory influenza vaccination of healthcare workers: translating policy to practice. Clin Infect Dis 2010;50(4):459–464.
25.Cormier SB, Septimus E, Moody JA, Hickok JD, Perlin JB. Implementation of a successful seasonal influenza vaccine strategy in a large healthcare system. In: Program and abstracts of Fifth Decennial International Conference on Healthcare-Associated Infections; March 20, 2010; Atlanta, Georgia. Abstract 385.
27. New York Department of State, Codes, Rule, and Regulations: 10NYCRR 66-3. Accessed February 22, 2010.
29.Douville LE, Myers A, Jackson MA, Lantos JD. Healthcare worker knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs regarding mandatory influenza vaccination. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2010;164(1):33–37.
30.Poland GA, Ofstead CL, Tucker SJ, Beebe TJ. Receptivity to mandatory influenza vaccination policies for healthcare workers among registered nurses working on inpatient units. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2008;29(2):170–173.
31.deSante JE, Caplan A, Shofer F, Behrman AJ. Physician attitudes towards influenza immunization and vaccine mandates. Vaccine 2010;28(13):2517–21.
32.Lautenbach E, Saint S, Henderson DK, Harris AD. Initial response of health care institutions to emergence of H1N1 influenza: experiences, obstacles, and perceived future needs. Clin Infect Dis 2009;50(4):523–527.
33. American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (ACOEM) guidance statement: seasonal influenza prevention in healthcare workers. http://www.acoem.org/guidelines.aspx?id = 5362. Published 2010. Accessed March 31, 2009.
34.Lugo NR. Will carrots or sticks raise influenza immunization rates of healthcare personnel? Am J Infect Control 2007;35(1):1–6.
35.Anikeeva O, Braunack-Mayer A, Rogers W. Requiring influenza vaccination for healthcare workers. Am J Public Health 2009;99(1):24–29.
36.Helms CM, Polgreen PM. Should influenza immunisation be mandatory for healthcare workers? Yes. BMJ 2008;337:a2142.
37.Isaacs D, Leask J. Should influenza immunisation be mandatory for healthcare workers? No. BMJ 2008;337:a2140.
38.Steckel CM. Mandatory influenza immunization for healthcare workers—an ethical discussion. AAOHN J 2007;55(1):34–39.
39.Stewart AM. Mandatory vaccination of healthcare workers. N Engl J Med 2009;361(21):2015–2017.
40.Tilburt JC, Mueller PS, Ottenberg AL, Poland GA, Koenig BA. Facing the challenges of influenza in healthcare settings: the ethical rationale for mandatory seasonal influenza vaccination and its implications for future pandemics. Vacane 2008;26(suppl 4):D27–30.
41.van Delden JJ, Ashcroft R, Dawson A, Marckmann G, Upshur R, Verweij MF. The ethics of mandatory vaccination against influenza for healthcare workers. Vacane 2008;26(44):5562–5566.
42.Talbot TR. Do declination statements increase healthcare worker influenza vaccination rates? Clin Infect Dis 2009;49(5):773–779.
45.Polgreen PM, Polgreen LA, Evans T, Helms C. A statewide system for improving influenza vaccination rates in hospital employees. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2009;30(5):474–478.
46.Johnson DF, Druce JD, Birch C, Grayson ML. A quantitative assessment of the efficacy of surgical and N95 masks to filter influenza virus in patients with acute influenza infection. Clin Infect Dis 2009;49(2):275–277.
47.Aiello AE, Murray GF, Perez V, et al.Mask use, hand hygiene, and seasonal influenza-like illness among young adults: a randomized intervention trial. J Infect Dis;201(4):491–498.
48.Cowling BJ, Chan KH, Fang VJ, et al.Facemasks and hand hygiene to prevent influenza transmission in households: a cluster randomized trial. Ann Intern Med 2009;151(7):437–446.
49.Wicker S. Unvaccinated health care workers must wear masks during flu season—a possibility to improve influenza'vaccination rates? Vaccine 2009;27(20):2631–2632.
51.Bertin M, Scarpelli M, Proctor AW, et al.Novel use of the intranet to document healthcare personnel participation in a mandatory influenza vaccination reporting program. Am J Infect Control 2007;35(1):33–37.
52.Borlaug G, Newman A, Pfister J, Davis JP. Factors that influenced rates of influenza vaccination among employees of Wisconsin acute care hospitals and nursing homes during the 2005-2006 influenza season. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2007;28(12):1398–1400.
53.Polgreen PM, Septimus EJ, Parry MF, et al.Relationship of influenza vaccination declination statements and influenza vaccination rates for healthcare workers in 22 US hospitals. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2008;29(7):675–677.
54.Ribner BS, Hall C, Steinberg JP, et al.Use of a mandatory declination form in a program for influenza vaccination of healthcare workers. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2008;29(4):302–308.
55.Buchta WG, Verdoon CA, Schultz GL. Effectiveness of declination statements in influenza vaccination programs for healthcare workers. In: Program and abstracts of the International Commission on Occupational Health (ICOH) Conference on Health Care Worker Health / 2007 State-of-the-Art Conference; October 26-28, 2007; Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Abstract 348217.
56.Polgreen PM, Chen Y, Beekmann S, et al.Elements of influenza vaccination programs that predict higher vaccination rates: results of an emerging infections network survey. Clin Infect Dis 2008;46(1):14–19.
57.Lindley MC, Yonek J, Ahmed F, Perz JF, Williams Torres G. Measurement of influenza vaccination coverage among healthcare personnel in US hospitals. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2009;30(12):1150–1157.
58.Talbot TR, Dellit TH, Hebden J, Sama D, Cuny J. Factors associated with increased healthcare worker influenza vaccination rates: results of a national survey of university hospitals and medical centers. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2010;31(5):456–462.
59.Omer SB, Salmon DA, Orenstein WA, deHart MP, Halsey N. Vaccine refusal, mandatory immunization, and the risks of vaccine-preventable diseases. N Engl J Med 2009;360(19):1981–1988.
60.Palmore TN, Vandersluis JP, Morris J, et al.A successful mandatory influenza vaccination campaign using an innovative electronic tracking system. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2009;30(12):1137–1142.
63. National Patient Safety Foundation. National Patient Safety Foundation supports mandatory flu vaccinations for healthcare workers. http://www .npsf.org/pr/pressrel/2009-ll-18.php. Published November 18, 2009. Accessed January 19, 2010.