1.Weinstein, RA. Epidemiology and control of nosocomial infections in adult intensive care units. Am J Med 1991;91(suppl 3B): 179S–184S.
2.Boyce, JM. Environmental contamination makes an important contribution to hospital infection. J Hosp Infect 2007;65(suppl 2):50–54.
3.Weber, DJ, Rutala, WA, Miller, MB, Huslage, K, Sickbert-Bennett, E. Role of hospital surfaces in the transmission of emerging health care-associated pathogens: norovirus, Clostridium difficile, and Acinetobacter species. Am J Infect Control 2010;38(5 suppl 1):S25–S33.
4.Weber, DJ, Rutala, WA. The role of the environment in transmission of Clostridium difficile infection in healthcare facilities. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2011;32:207–209.
5.Otter, JA, Yezli, S, French, GL. The role played by contaminated surfaces in the transmission of nosocomial pathogens. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2011;32:687–699.
6.Otter, JA, Yezli, S, Salkeld, JAG, French, GL. Evidence that contaminated surfaces contribute to the transmission of hospital pathogens and an overview of strategies to address contaminated surfaces in hospital settings. Am J Infect Control (forthcoming).
7.Huang, SS, Datta, R, Platt, R. Risk of acquiring antibiotic-resistant bacteria from prior room occupants. Arch Intern Med 2006;166:1945–1951.
8.Drees, M, Snydman, DR, Schmid, CH, et al. Prior environmental contamination increases the risk of acquisition of vancomycin-resistant enterococci. Clin Infect Dis 2008;46:678–685.
9.Nseir, S, Blazejewski, C, Lubret, R, Wallet, F, Courcol, R, Durocher, A. Risk of acquiring multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacilli from prior room occupants in the intensive care unit. Clin Microbiol Infect 2011;17:1201–1208.
10.Shaughnessy, MK, Micielli, RL, DePestel, DD, et al.Evaluation of hospital room assignment and acquisition of Clostridium difficile infection. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2011;32:201–206.
11.Rutala, WA, Weber, DJ. Cleaning, disinfection, and sterilization. In: Carrico, R, ed. APIC Text of Infection Control and Epidemiology. 3rd ed. Washington, DC: Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology, 2009:21–1–21-18.
12.Huslage, K, Rutala, WA, Sickbert-Bennett, E, Weber, DJ. A quantitative approach to defining “high-touch” surfaces in hospitals. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2010;31:850–853.
13.Stiefel, U, Cadnum, JL, Eckstein, BC, Guerrero, DM, Tima, MA, Donskey, CJ. Contamination of hands with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus after contact with environmental surfaces and after contact with the skin of colonized patients. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2011;32:185–187.
14.Morgan, DJ, Rogawski, E, Thorn, KA, et al.Transfer of multidrug-resistant bacteria to healthcare workers' gloves and gowns after patient contact increases with environmental contamination. Crit Care Med 2012;40:1045–1051.
15.Rutala, WA, Weber, DJ; Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee. Guideline for Disinfection and Sterilization in Healthcare Facilities, 2008. http://www.cdc.gov/hicpac/pubs.html. Accessed January 25, 2013.
16.Carling, PC, Parry, MF, von Beheren, SM; Healthcare Environmental Hygiene Study Group. Identifying opportunities to enhance environmental cleaning in 23 acute care hospitals. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2008;29:1–7.
17.Goodman, ER, Platt, R, Bass, R, Onderdonk, AB, Yokoe, DS, Huang, SS. Impact of environmental cleaning intervention on the presence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and vancomycin-resistant enterococci on surfaces in intensive care unit rooms. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2008;29:593–599.
18.Havill, NL, Havill, HL, Mangione, E, Dumigan, DG, Boyce, JM. Cleanliness of portable medical equipment disinfected by nursing staff. Am J Infect Control 2011;39:602–604.
19.Donsky, C. Does improving cleaning reduce healthcare-associated infections?Am J Infect Control (forthcoming).
20.Rutala, WA, Weber, DJ. Are room decontamination units needed to prevent transmission of environmental pathogens? Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2011;32:743–747.
21.Boyce, JM, Havill, JL, Moore, BA. Terminal decontamination of patient rooms using an automated mobile UV light unit. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2011;32:737–742.
22.Passaretti, CL, Otter, JA, Reich, NG, et al.An evaluation of environmental decontamination with hydrogen peroxide vapor for reducing the risk of patient acquisition of multidrug-resistant organisms. Clin Infect Dis 2013;56:27–35.
23.Judge, C, Galvin, S, Burke, L, Thomas, T, Humphreys, H, Fitzgerald-Hughes, D. Search and you will find: detecting extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae from a patient's immediate environment. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2013;34:534–536.
24.Ajao, AO, Johnson, JK, Harris, AD, et al.Risk of acquiring extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Klebsiella species and Escherichia coli from prior room occupants in the intensive care unit. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2013;34:453–458.
25.Munoz-Price, LS, Namias, N, Cleary, T, et al.Acinetobacter baumannii: association between environmental contamination of patient rooms and occupant status. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2013;34:517–520.
26.Fertelli, D, Cadnum, JL, Nerandzic, MM, Sitzlar, B, Kundrapu, S, Donskey, CJ. Effectiveness of an electrochemically activated saline solution for disinfection of hospital equipment. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2013;34:543–544.
27.Boyce, JM, Havill, NL. Evaluation of a new hydrogen peroxide wipe disinfectant. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2013;34:521–523.
28.Carling, PC, Huang, SS. Improving healthcare environmental cleaning and disinfection: current and evolving issues. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2013;34:507–513.
29.Guerrero, DM, Carling, PC, Jury, LA, Ponnada, S, Nerandzic, MM, Donskey, CJ. Beyond the Hawthorne effect: reduction of Clostridium difficile environmental contamination through active intervention to improve cleaning practices. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2013;34:524–526.
30.Sitzlar, B, Deshpande, A, Fertelli, D, Kundrapu, S, Sethi, AK, Donskey, CJ. An environmental disinfection odyssey: evaluation of sequential interventions to improve disinfection of Clostridium difficile isolation rooms. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2013;34:459–465.
31.Varma, G, Savard, P, Coles, C, et al.Hospital room sterilization using far-ultraviolet radiation: a pilot evaluation of the Sterilray device in an active hospital setting. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2013;34:536–538.
32.Anderson, DJ, Gergen, MF, Smathers, E, et al; CDC Prevention Epicenters Program. Decontamination of targeted pathogens from patient rooms using an automated ultraviolet-C-emitting device. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2013;34:466–471.
33.Rutala, WA, Gergen, MF, Tande, BM, Weber, DJ. Rapid hospital room decontamination using ultraviolet (UV) light with a nano-structured UV-reflective wall coating. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2013;34:527–529.
34.Otter, JA, Nowakowski, E, Salkeld, JAG, et al.Saving costs through the decontamination of the packaging of unused medical supplies using hydrogen peroxide vapor. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2013;34:472–478.
35.Schmidt, MG, Attaway, HH III, Fairey, SE, Steed, LL, Michels, HT, Salgado, CD. Copper continuously limits the concentration of bacteria resident on bed rails within the intensive care unit. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2013;34:530–533.
36.Salgado, CD, Sepkowitz, KA, John, JF, et al.Copper surfaces reduce the rate of healthcare-acquired infections in the intensive care unit. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2013;34:479–486.
37.Zimring, C, Denham, ME, Jacob, JT, et al.Evidence-based design of healthcare facilities: opportunities for research and practice in infection prevention. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2013;34:514–516.