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Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci in Canada: Results from the Canadian Nosocomial Infection Surveillance Program, 1999–2005

  • Marianna Ofner-Agostini (a1), B. Lynn Johnston (a2), Andrew E. Simor (a3), John Embil (a4), Anne Matlow (a5), Michael Mulvey (a6), Debbie Ormiston, John Conly (a7) and Canadian Nosocomial Infection Surveillance Program...


Surveillance for vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) in sentinel Canadian hospitals has been conducted since 1999. From 1999 to 2005, the rate of VRE detection increased from 0.37 to 1.32 cases per 1,000 patients admitted, and the rate of VRE infection increased from 0.02 to 0.05 cases per 1,000 patients admitted. Thirty-three percent of all patients with VRE detected that were reported during 1999-2005 were identified in 2005, with increases seen in all regions of Canada. Although the incidence rate of VRE carriage in Canada is increasing, it remains very low.


Corresponding author

Queen Elizabeth II Health Sciences Centre, Room 5014, Dickson Building, 1278 Tower Road, Halifax, NS, B3H 2Y9, Canada (


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