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The World Health Organization Guidelines on Hand Hygiene in Health Care and Their Consensus Recommendations

  • Didier Pittet (a1) (a2), Benedetta Allegranzi (a2), John Boyce (a3) and World Health Organization World Alliance for Patient Safety First Global Patient Safety Challenge Core Group of Experts


The World Health Organization's Guidelines on Hand Hygiene in Health Care have been issued by WHO Patient Safety on 5 May 2009 on the occasion of the launch of the Save Lives: Clean Your Hands initiative. The Guidelines represent the contribution of more than 100 international experts and provide a comprehensive overview of essential aspects of hand hygiene in health care, evidence- and consensus-based recommendations, and lessons learned from testing their Advanced Draft and related implementation tools.


Corresponding author

Infection Control Program, University of Geneva Hospitals and Faculty of Medicine, 4 Rue Gabrielle Perret-Gentil, 1211 Geneva 14, Switzerland (


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The World Health Organization Guidelines on Hand Hygiene in Health Care and Their Consensus Recommendations

  • Didier Pittet (a1) (a2), Benedetta Allegranzi (a2), John Boyce (a3) and World Health Organization World Alliance for Patient Safety First Global Patient Safety Challenge Core Group of Experts


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