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  • International and Comparative Law Quarterly, Volume 59, Issue 4
  • October 2010, pp. 941-980


  • Christine Bell (a1) and Catherine O'Rourke (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 11 November 2010

On the 31 October 2000 UNSC Resolution 1325 was adopted. The resolution provided for a range of measures aimed at the inclusion of women in the prevention, management and resolution of conflict. In particular, several of the resolution's provisions addressed the role of women and gender in peace negotiations and agreements. This article examines whether and how Resolution 1325 has impacted on the drafting of peace agreements. We analyse explicit references to women and gender in peace agreements from 1990 to 2010, providing a quantitative and qualitative assessment of the extent to which women and gender are addressed. We conclude by using our findings and analysis to address the relationship of feminist intervention to international law, and debates around the strategies and trade-offs which underlie feminist promotion and use of UN Security Council Resolutions in particular.

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C Cohn , ‘Women, Peace and Security: Resolution 1325’ (2004) 6 International Feminist Journal of Politics 130

C Bell and O'Rourke, ‘The People's Peace? Peace Agreements, Civil Society, and Participatory Democracy’ (2007) 28 International Political Science Review 293

L Harbom , S Hogbladh and P Wallensteen , ‘Armed Conflict and Peace Agreements’ (2006) 43 Journal of Peace Research 617

A Jarstad and D Nilsson , ‘From Words to Deeds: The Implementation of Power-Sharing Pacts in Peace Accords’ (2008) 25 Conflict Management and Peace Science 206

R Jenkins and A Goetz , ‘Addressing Sexual Violence in Internationally Mediated Peace Negotiations17 International Peacekeeping 261

E Bertram , ‘Reinventing Governments: The Promise and Perils of United Nations Peace Building’ (1995) 39 Journal of Conflict Resolution 387

F Ní Aoláin , ‘Women, Security, and the Patriarchy of Internationalized Transitional Justice’ (2009) 31 Human Rights Quarterly 1055

J Gardam and H Charlesworth , ‘Protection of Women in Armed Conflict’ (2000) 22 Human Rights Quarterly 148

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International & Comparative Law Quarterly
  • ISSN: 0020-5893
  • EISSN: 1471-6895
  • URL: /core/journals/international-and-comparative-law-quarterly
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