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Zaydi Shiʿism and the Ḥasanid Sharifs of Mecca

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  29 January 2009

Richard T. Mortel
Affiliation:
King Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia

Extract

The sharifs of Hasanid descent, commonly referred to as the Banū Hasan, who ruled Mecca and its dependencies from the middle of the fourth century A.H./tenth century A.D. until the early twentieth century, can be divided into three major dynastic branches, each of which bears the name of the first of its members to attain the office of emir of Mecca. Thus, the first dynasty of the Hasanid sharifs of Mecca, known as the Jaʿfarids, was founded by Jaʿfar b. Muhammad b. al-Husayn al-Amīr, a descendant in the ninth generation of al-Hasan b. ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib, in about the year 357/968, shortly before the conquest of Egypt for the Fatimids of North Africa by their general, Jawhar, in 358/969. Control of Mecca remained in the hands of the Jaʿfarids until the last representative of the line, Shukr b. Abī'l-Futūḥ, died without leaving a male heir in 453/ 1061.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1987

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References

1 For detailed information concerning the political and economic history of Mecca from the foundation of the sharifate until the end of the Mamluk era, see Mortel, Richard, al-Ahwāl al-siyāsiyya wa 'l-iqtisādiyya bi-Makka fi'l-'asr al-Mamlūkī (Riyadh, 1985).Google Scholar

2 A thorough discussion of the problems involved in establishing the genealogy of the founder of this dynasty and the reasons for its being called “Ja'farid” can be found in Mortel, Richard T., “The Genealogy of the Hasanid Sharifs of Mecca,” Journal of the College of Arts, King Saud University, 12, 2 (1985), 221–50.Google Scholar

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38 The importance of the Egyptian amīr al-Hājj in the history of Mecca during the Mamlūk period has been dealt with by 'Ankawī, 'Abdullāh in “The Pilgrimage to Mecca in Mamlūk Times,” in Arabian Studies, 1 (1974), 146–70.Google Scholar

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62 Al-Fāsī, , 'Iqd, vol. 4, p. 417.Google Scholar

63 Ibid. vol. 8, pp. 89–90.

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67 Al-Fāsī, , 'Iqd, vol. 6, p. 70;Google Scholaral-'Asqalānī, lbn Hajar, Inbā' al-ghumr bi-anbā' al-'umr (Cairo, 19691972), vol. 1, p. 115;Google ScholarBardī, Ibn Taghrī, “Manhal,” vol. 2, f. 377b;Google Scholaridem, Nujūm, vol. 11, p. 139.

68 Abū Bakr Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Qādī Shuhba, “Dhayl Tārīkh al-Islām,” manuscript, Cairo: Dār al-Kutub al-Misriyya, no. 392 tārīkh, vol. 3, f. 161b.Google Scholar

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70 al-Qalqashandī, Shihāb al-Dīn Abu'l-'Abbās Ahmad b.'Alī, Qalā'd al-jumān fi'l-ta'īf biqabā'il 'Arab al-zamān (Cairo, 1963), p. 162;Google Scholaridem, Subh al-a'shā fi sina 'at al-inshā (Cairo, 1910–1920), vol. 8, p. 227.

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75 Ibid., f. 150a.

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