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  • Cited by 2
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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Unal, Hasan 1998. Ottoman policy during the Bulgarian independence crisis, 1908–9: Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria at the outset of the Young Turk revolution. Middle Eastern Studies, Vol. 34, Issue. 4, p. 135.

    Deringil, Selim 1988. The Ottoman response to the Egyptian crisis of 1881–82. Middle Eastern Studies, Vol. 24, Issue. 1, p. 3.

  • International Journal of Middle East Studies, Volume 9, Issue 4
  • November 1978, pp. 519-537

An Overlooked Problem in Turkish–Russian Relations: The 1878 War Indemnity

  • Michael R. Milgrim (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 January 2009

The 1877–1878 Russo-Turkish War left the Ottoman Empire burdened with a new debt that was to play a crucial role in the relations between Russia and Turkey in subsequent years. Diplomatic and financial histories, however, have largely overlooked this indemnity for a number of reasons. Foremost among them is the timing of the ratification of the indemnity treaty. The actual agreement governing the procedure for the payment of the indemnity was drawn up four years after the San Stefano negotiations and the Congress of Berlin. While monographs concerned with these events mention the indemnity, they fail to follow it up. Second, in the post-Berlin period the European bondholders of the Ottoman Public Debt were primarily interested in securing control over the administration of the revenues servicing their debt. The indemnity, however, remained apart from those revenues ceded to the Ottoman Public Debt Administration. The standard financial histories naturally concentrate on the projects of the bondholders and refer to the indemnity only in passing.

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M. S. Anderson , The Eastern Question, 1774–1923 (London: Macmillan, 1966; New York: St. Martin's Press, 1966);

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International Journal of Middle East Studies
  • ISSN: 0020-7438
  • EISSN: 1471-6380
  • URL: /core/journals/international-journal-of-middle-east-studies
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