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  • Cited by 8
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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Gökarıksel, Banu and Secor, Anna 2016. The post-Islamist problematic: questions of religion and difference in everyday life. Social & Cultural Geography, p. 1.

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    Bokhari, Kamran and Senzai, Farid 2013. Political Islam in the Age of Democratization.

    García, Luz Gómez 2012. Post-Islamism, the Failure of an Idea: Regards on Islam and Nationalism from Khomeini’s Death to the Arab Revolts. Religion Compass, Vol. 6, Issue. 10, p. 451.

    Daadaoui, Mohamed 2011. Moroccan Monarchy and the Islamist Challenge.

    Cavatorta, Francesco 2009. ‘Divided they stand, divided they fail’: opposition politics in Morocco. Democratization, Vol. 16, Issue. 1, p. 137.

    CAVATORTA, FRANCESCO 2007. Neither Participation nor Revolution: The Strategy of the MoroccanJamiat al-Adl wal-Ihsan. Mediterranean Politics, Vol. 12, Issue. 3, p. 381.

    Sinanovic, Ermin 2005. Post-Islamism: The Failure of Islamic Activism?. International Studies Review, Vol. 7, Issue. 3, p. 433.

  • International Journal of Middle East Studies, Volume 37, Issue 2
  • May 2005, pp. 241-261



For more than a decade, post-Islamism has been at the center of a major debate in French academia regarding the historical evolution of Islamism. The concept was put forth in the early 1990s as an attempt to apprehend the apparent crisis within many Islamic movements of the Middle East. In Iran, the increasingly authoritarian character of the Islamic republic, as well as the predominance of the mullahs' discretionary powers, seemed to undermine the credibility of the Islamist alternative. Elsewhere, as in Egypt and Algeria, the advent of an Islamic order never came to pass and appeared illusory. Islamists were unable to cope with the repression and the containment policies of secular states. Therefore, a number of French scholars argued that Islamism—that is, the holistic, populist, and often revolutionary ideology whose goal is the establishment of an Islamic state and the governance of all aspects of society according to Islamic principles—had reached a dead end. Ruhollah Khomeini, Sayyid Qutb, and Abu al-Ala al-Mawdudi were passé. An era of post-Islamism was dawning.

Corresponding author
Henri Lauzière is a doctoral student in the Department of History, Georgetown University, Washington, D. C. 20057, USA; e-mail:
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International Journal of Middle East Studies
  • ISSN: 0020-7438
  • EISSN: 1471-6380
  • URL: /core/journals/international-journal-of-middle-east-studies
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