Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa

The Effectiveness of Means of Controlling Communicable Diseases

  • Kenneth S. Warren (a1)

Most communicable diseases are caused by infectious agents that are not visible to the naked eye, which led earlier societies to believe in miasmas and control by quarantine. Although microscopes revealed the agents in the eighteenth century, they were not associated with disease syndromes until the late nineteeth century. Today, vaccines are the most cost-effective means of control.

Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

2. R. M. Anderson , & R. M. May Population biology of infectious diseases. Nature, 1979, 280, 361–67.

4. B. R. Bloom Vaccines for the third world. Nature, 1989, 342, 115–20.

10. J. M. Ponnighaus , P. E. M. Fine , J. A. C. Sterne , et al. Efficacy of BCG vaccines against leprosy and tuberculosis in northern Malawi. Lancet, 1992, 339, 636–39.

12. D. A. Sack , L. Freij , & J. Holmgren Prospects for public health benefits in developing countries from new vaccines against enteric infections. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 1991, 163, 503–06.

13. M. C. Steinhoff Viral vaccines for the prevention of childhood pneumonia in developing nations: Priorities and prospects. Reviews of Infectious Diseases, 1991, 13, S56270.

15. J. A. Walsh , & K. S. Warren Selective primary health care: An interim strategy for disease control in developing countries. New England-Journal of Medicine, 1979, 301, 967–74.

16. K. S. Warren The guerrilla worm [editorial]. New England Journal of Medicine, 1970, 282, 810–11.

18. K. S. Warren New scientific opportunities and old obstacles in vaccine development. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 1986, 83, 9275–77.

20. K. S. Warren Tropical medicine or tropical health: The Heath Clark lectures, 1988. Reviews of Infectious Diseases, 1990, 12, 142–56.

23. A. Werzberger , B. Mensch , B. Kuter , et al. A controlled trial of a formalin-activated hepatitis A vaccine in healthy children. New England Journal of Medicine, 1992, 327, 453–57.

24. M. Worboys The emergence and early development of parasitology. In K. S. Warren & J. Z. Bowers (eds.), Parasitology: A global perspective. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1983.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
  • ISSN: 0266-4623
  • EISSN: 1471-6348
  • URL: /core/journals/international-journal-of-technology-assessment-in-health-care
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 1 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 16 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 28th May 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.