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Methyl isonicotinate – a non-pheromone thrips semiochemical – and its potential for pest management

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  16 May 2017

D.A.J. Teulon*
Affiliation:
The New Zealand Institute of Plant and Food Research Ltd, Private Bag 4704, Christchurch, New Zealand
M.M. Davidson
Affiliation:
The New Zealand Institute of Plant and Food Research Ltd, Private Bag 4704, Christchurch, New Zealand
N.B. Perry
Affiliation:
The New Zealand Institute of Plant and Food Research Ltd, Private Bag 4704, Christchurch, New Zealand
M.-C. Nielsen
Affiliation:
The New Zealand Institute of Plant and Food Research Ltd, Private Bag 4704, Christchurch, New Zealand
C. Castañé
Affiliation:
Institut de Recercai Tecnologia Agroalimentaries (IRTA), Ctra. de Cabrils, Km 2, 08348 Cabrils (Barcelona), Spain
D. Bosch
Affiliation:
Institut de Recercai Tecnologia Agroalimentaries (IRTA), Ctra. de Cabrils, Km 2, 08348 Cabrils (Barcelona), Spain
J. Riudavets
Affiliation:
Institut de Recercai Tecnologia Agroalimentaries (IRTA), Ctra. de Cabrils, Km 2, 08348 Cabrils (Barcelona), Spain
R.W.H.M. van Tol
Affiliation:
Wageningen UR, Biointeractions and Plant Health, P.O. Box 16, 6700 AA Wageningen, the Netherlands
W.J. de Kogel
Affiliation:
Wageningen UR, Biointeractions and Plant Health, P.O. Box 16, 6700 AA Wageningen, the Netherlands

Abstract

Methyl isonicotinate is one of several patented 4-pyridyl carbonyl compounds being investigated for a variety of uses in thrips pest management. It is probably the most extensively studied thrips non-pheromone semiochemical, with field and glasshouse trapping experiments, and wind tunnel and Y-tube olfactometer studies in several countries demonstrating a behavioural response that results in increased trap capture of at least 12 thrips species, including the cosmopolitan virus vectors such as western flower thrips and onion thrips. Methyl isonicotinate has several of the characteristics that are required for an effective semiochemical tool and is being mainly used as a lure in combination with coloured sticky traps for enhanced monitoring of thrips in greenhouses. Research indicates that this non-pheromone semiochemical has the potential to be used for other thrips management strategies such as mass trapping, lure and kill, lure and infect, and as a behavioural synergist in conjunction with insecticides, in a range of indoor and outdoor crops.

Type
Review Article
Copyright
Copyright © icipe 2017 

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