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Resistance of three-way cross experimental maize hybrids to post-harvest insect pests, the larger grain borer (Prostephanus truncatus) and maize weevil (Sitophilus zeamais)

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  13 May 2011

Tadele Tefera*
Affiliation:
International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), ICRAF House, UN Avenue, Gigiri, PO Box 1041-00621 Village Market, Nairobi, Kenya
Stephen Mugo
Affiliation:
International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), ICRAF House, UN Avenue, Gigiri, PO Box 1041-00621 Village Market, Nairobi, Kenya
Paddy Likhayo
Affiliation:
Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI), National Agricultural Research Laboratories, PO Box 14733-00800, Nairobi, Kenya
Yoseph Beyene
Affiliation:
International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), ICRAF House, UN Avenue, Gigiri, PO Box 1041-00621 Village Market, Nairobi, Kenya

Abstract

The larger grain borer Prostephanus truncatus Horn and the maize weevil Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky are important pests of stored maize in the tropics, particularly where maize is stored on-farm with little control of moisture content and without use of pesticides. This study was undertaken to determine level of resistance among new experimental maize hybrids against P. truncatus and S. zeamais. Out of the 54 experimental hybrids tested, eight hybrids were resistant, six were susceptible and the remaining 40 hybrids were moderately resistant. Five hybrids showed considerable reduction in losses for both P. truncatus and S. zeamais (CKPH08013, CKPH08021, CKPH08003, CKPH08004 and CKPH08009), suggesting that they contained genes that confer resistance to the two pests. Low grain weight loss, powder production and low insect multiplication on resistant grains reduce the negative impact of the two beetle pests. Therefore, host plant resistance can be used as a vital component of an integrated pest management strategy against P. truncatus and S. zeamais.

Type
Research Paper
Copyright
Copyright © ICIPE 2011

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Resistance of three-way cross experimental maize hybrids to post-harvest insect pests, the larger grain borer (Prostephanus truncatus) and maize weevil (Sitophilus zeamais)
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