The amino acid, fatty acid and mineral composition of Aspongubus viduatus F. (melon bug) and Agonoscelis pubescens (Thunberg) (sorghum bug) were investigated. The approximate analyses of A. viduatus and A. pubescens adults showed 8.3 and 7.6% moisture, 27.0 and 28.2% crude protein, 54.2 and 57.3% fat and 3.5 and 2.5% ash on a dry-matter basis, respectively. The bug protein contained 16 amino acids, including all of the essential ones. Compared with the amino acid profile recommended by FAO/WHO, the protein was of medium quality. The most predominant fatty acids in melon bug oil were oleic, palmitic, linoleic and linolenic acids, viz. 45.5, 31.3, 4.9 and 0.48%, respectively, and in sorghum bug 41.15, 11.41, 35.28 and 1.28%, respectively. The mineral analysis indicated high P and K content. Scanning electron microscopy was used to study ground insect structure before and after oil extraction. Micrographs of full-fat ground insects were different from defatted ones.