Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Managing Canada Thistle (Cirsium arvense) in a Constructed Grassland with Aminopyralid and Prescribed Fire

  • Greta G. Gramig (a1) and Amy C. Ganguli (a1)
Abstract

Green spaces such as golf courses that intermingle within or exist on fringes of urban landscapes can provide opportunities for increasing the ecological value of urban areas. To that end, more naturalistic and less input-intensive “links”-style golf courses have recently gained favor over input-intensive parkland courses. The Osgood Public Golf Course in Fargo, ND is a links-style golf course set adjacent to suburban housing developments. This course incorporated large areas of prairie plantings, or “constructed grasslands,” which over time became dominated by fescue species and infested with Canada thistle. Our objective was to explore the efficacy of using prescribed fire combined with aminopyralid herbicide to control Canada thistle and promote a more diverse mix of warm-season C4 and cool-season C3 grasses. Aminopyralid was applied during fall 2010 and prescribed fire was applied during spring 2011. We found that aminopyralid provided excellent control of Canada thistle 1 and 2 yr post-treatment. Open niches created from Canada thistle control were readily filled by C3 grasses, primarily fescue species, which were the dominant species on the constructed grasslands prior to treatment. Fire intensity was variable within and across plots and was associated with reductions of litter and C3 grasses, but was not associated with increases of C4 grasses within the time frame of this study. Our results demonstrate the effectiveness of aminopyralid for Canada thistle control in constructed grasslands. Prescribed fire maintained C3 grass dominance while removing litter, but C4 grass response was variable and appeared dependent on pretreatment C4 species abundance. Reduction of litter in constructed grasslands dominated by fescue could potentially lead to microsite conditions that would favor C4 and other C3 species, especially if short-term management promoted additional facilitation efforts, such as repeat spring fire treatments and seeding.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Corresponding author's E-mail: greta.gramig@ndsu.edu
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

JM Alexander , CM D’Antonio (2003) Seedbank dynamics of French broom in coastal California grasslands: effects of stand age and prescribed burning on control and restoration. Restor Ecol 11:185197

E Andersson , S Barthel , S Borgström , J Colding , T Elmqvist , C Folke , Å Gren (2014) Reconnecting cities to the biosphere: stewardship of green infrastructure and urban ecosystem services. Ambio 43:445453

MD Bartlett , LT James (2011) A model of greenhouse gas emissions from the management of turf on two golf courses. Sci Total Environ 409:13571367

J Colding , C Folke (2009) The role of golf courses in biodiversity conservation and ecosystem management. Ecosystems 12:191206

MA Goddard , AJ Dougill , TG Benton (2009) Scaling up from gardens: biodiversity conservation in urban environments. Trends Ecol Evol 25:9098

LC. Hulbert (1988) Causes of fire effects in tallgrass prairie. Ecology 69:4658

JS Jacobs , RL Sheley (2003) Prescribed fire effects on Dalmation toadflax. J Range Manag 56:193197

Å. Jansson (2013) Reaching for a sustainable, resilient urban future using the lens of ecosystem services. Ecol Econ 86:285291

P Lesica , B Martin (2003) Effects of prescribed fire and season of burn on recruitment of the invasive exotic plant, Potentilla recta, in a semiarid grassland. Restor Ecol 11:516523

GT Lyman , CS Throssell , ME Johnson , GA Stacey (2007) Golf course profile describes turfgrass, landscape, and environmental stewardship features. Appl Turfgrass Sci DOI: 10.1094/ATS-2007-1107-01-RS

DA McGranahan , DM Engel , SD Fuhlendorf , JR Miller , DM Debinski (2012) An invasive cool-season grass complicates prescribed fire management in a native warm-season grassland. Nat Area J 32:208214

ML McKinney (2002) Urbanization, biodiversity, and conservation. BioScience 52:883890

ML McKinney (2006) Urbanization as a major cause of biotic homogenization. Biol Conserv 127:247260

MT Simmons , S Windhager , P Power , J Lott , RK Lyons , C Schwope (2007) Selective and non-selective control of invasive plants: the short-term effects of growing-season prescribed fire, herbicide, and mowing in two Texas prairies. Restor Ecol 15:662669

RA Tanner , AC Gange (2005) Effects of golf courses on local biodiversity. Landsc Urban Plann 71:137146

MR. Terman (1997) Natural links: naturalistic golf courses as wildlife habitat. Landsc Urban Plann 38:183197

AJ Travnicek , RG Lym , C Prosser (2005) Fall-prescribed burn and spring-applied herbicide effects on Canada thistle control and soil seedbank in a northern mixed-grass prairie. Rangeland Ecol Manag 58:413422

MG Turner , WH Romme , RH Gardner , WH Hargrove (1997) Effects of fire size and pattern on early succession in Yellowstone National Park. Ecol Monogr 67:411433

K Wheeler , J Nauright (2006) A global perspective on the environmental impact of golf. Sport Soc 9:427443

GD Willson , J Stubbendieck (2000) A provisional model for smooth brome management in degraded tallgrass prairie. Ecol Restor 18:3438

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Invasive Plant Science and Management
  • ISSN: 1939-7291
  • EISSN: 1939-747X
  • URL: /core/journals/invasive-plant-science-and-management
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 4 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 43 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 20th January 2017 - 21st September 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.