Alt, James E. and Dreyer Lassen, David (2006), ‘Transparency, Political Polarization and Political Budget Cycles in OECD Countries’, American Journal of Political Science, 50 (3): 530–50.
Beliaev, Mikhail (2006), ‘Presidential Powers and Consolidation of New Postcommunist Democracies’, Comparative Political Studies, 39 (3): 375–98.
Baylis, Thomas (1996), ‘Presidents Versus Prime Ministers: Shaping Executive Authority in Eastern Europe’, World Politics, 48 (3): 297–323.
Bernhard, William and Leblang, David (2002), ‘Political Parties and Monetary Commitments’, International Organization, 56 (4): 803–30.
Brender, Adi and Drazen, Alan (2005), ‘Political Budget Cycles in new versus established democracies’, Journal of Monetary Economics, 52 (7): 1271–95.
Cheibub, José Antonio (2007), Presidentialism, Parliamentarism, and Democracy, New York: Cambridge University Press.
Cheibub, José Antonio (1998), ‘Elections and Alternation in Power in Democratic Regimes’, Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Boston, MA.
Cheibub, José Antonio and Gandhi, Jennifer (2006), ‘Classifying Political Regimes: A Six-Fold Classification of Democracies and Dictatorships’, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign/Emory University.
Cheibub, José Antonio, Przeworski, Adam and Saiegh, Sebastian (2004), ‘Government Coalitions and Legislative Success Under Parliamentarism and Presidentialism’, British Journal of Political Science, 34 (4): 565–87.
Cheibub, José Antonio and Przeworski, Adam (1999), ‘Democracy, Elections, and Accountability for Economic Outcomes’, in Przeworski, Adam, Stokes, Susan C., and Manin, Bernard (eds), Democracy and Accountability, New York: Cambridge University Press, pp. 222–50.
Dodd, Lawrence C. (1974), ‘Party Coalitions in Multiparty Parliaments: A Game-Theoretical Analysis’, American Political Science Review, 68 (3): 1093–117.
Döring, Herbert (ed.) (1996), Parliaments and Majority Rule in Western Europe, New York: St Martin's Press.
Duverger, Maurice (1980), ‘A New Political System Model: Semi-Presidential Government’, European Journal of Political Research, 8 (2): 166–87.
Elgie, Robert (1999), ‘The Politics of Semi-Presidentialism’, in Elgie, Robert (ed.), Semi-Presidentialism in Europe, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 1–21.
Elgie, Robert (2004), ‘Semi-presidentialism: Concepts, Consequences, and Contested Explanations’, Political Studies Review, 2: 313–30.
Figueiredo, Argelina and Limongi, Fernando (2000a), ‘Presidential Power, Legislative Organization and Party Behavior in the Legislature’, Comparative Politics, 32 (2): 151–70.
Figueiredo, Argelina and Limongi, Fernando (2000b), ‘Constitutional Change, Legislative Performance and Institutional Consolidation’, Brazilian Review of Social Sciences, 1 (Special Issue): 73–94.
Frye, Timothy (1997), ‘Politics of Institutional Choice: Post-Communist Presidencies’, Comparative Political Studies, 30 (5): 523–53.
Hinojosa, Victor and Pérez-Liñán, Aníbal (2002), ‘Presidential Survival and the Impeachment Process: Colombia in Comparative Perspective’, Prepared for presentation at the 2002 Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago, IL, 25–28 April.
Huber, John D. (1996), Rationalizing Parliament, New York: Cambridge University Press.
Kristinsson, Gunnar H. (1999), ‘Iceland’, in Elgie, Robert (ed.), Semi-Presidentialism in Europe, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 86–103.
Laver, Michael (2002), ‘Government Termination’, Annual Review of Political Science, 6: 23–40.
Laver, Michael and Schofield, Norman (1998), Multiparty Government: The Politics of Coalition in Europe, Ann Arbor: Michigan University Press.
Lijphart, Arend (1999), Patterns of Democracy: Government Forms and Performance in Thirty-Six Countries, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1999.
Mainwaring, Scott (1993), ‘Presidentialism, Multipartism, and Democracy: The Difficult Combination’, Comparative Political Studies, 26 (2): 198–228.
Mershon, Carol (1996), ‘The Costs of Coalition: Coalition Theories and Italian Governments’, American Political Science Review, 90 (3): 534–54.
Metcalf, Lee Kendall (2000), ‘Measuring Presidential Power’, Comparative Political Studies, 33 (5): 660–85.
O'Neil, Patrick (1993), ‘Presidential Power in Post-Communist Europe: The Hungarian Case in Comparative Perspective’, Journal of Communist Studies, 9 (3): 177–201.
Powell, G. Bingham, and Whitten, Guy D. (1993), ‘A Cross-National Analysis of Economic Voting: Taking Account of the Political Context’, American Journal of Political Science, 3: 391–414.
Protsyk, Oleh (2006), ‘Intra-Executive Competition between President and Prime Minister: Patterns of Institutional Conflict and Cooperation under Semi-Presidentialism’, Political Studies, 56 (2).
Pugačiauskas, Vykintas (1999), ‘Semi-presidential Institutional Models and Democratic Stability: Comparative Analysis of Lithuania and Poland’, Lithuanian Political Science Yearbook: 1–26.
Raunio, Tapio (2004), ‘The Changing Finnish Democracy: Stronger Parliamentary Accountability, Coalescing Political Parties and Weaker External Constraints’, Scandinavia Political Studies, 27 (2): 133–52.
Roper, Steven D. (2002), ‘Are All Semipresidential Regimes the Same? A Comparison of Premier-Presidential Regimes’, Comparative Politics, 34 (3): 253–72.
Saiegh, Sebastian, M. (2004), ‘Government Defeat: Coalitions, Responsiveness, and Legislative Success’, Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Politics, New York University, New York.
Sartori, Giovanni (1994), Comparative Constitutional Engineering: An Inquiry Into Structures, Incentives and Outcomes, New York: New York University Press.
Siavelis, Peter (2000), The President and Congress in Post-authoritarian Chile: Constraints to Democratic Consolidation, University Park, PA: Penn State University Press.
Shugart, Matthew. S. and Carey, John M. (1992), Presidents and Assemblies: Constitutional Design and Electoral Dynamics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Skach, Cindy (2005), Borrowing Constitutional Designs: Constitutional Law in Weimar Germany and the French Fifth Republic, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Strom, Kaare (1990), Minority Government and Majority Rule, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Warwick, Paul (1994), Government Survival in Parliamentary Democracies, New York: Cambridge University Press.