Skip to main content
×
×
Home

THE CHALLENGE OF CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION FOR AGRICULTURE: AN ECONOMICALLY ORIENTED REVIEW

  • BRUCE A. MCCARL (a1), ANASTASIA W. THAYER (a1) and JASON P. H. JONES (a2)
Abstract

Climate change is occurring. Deviations from historic temperatures and precipitation plus increased frequency of extreme events are modifying agriculture systems globally. Adapting agricultural management practices offers a way to lessen the effects or exploit opportunities. Herein many aspects of the adaptation issue are discussed, including needs, strategies, observed actions, benefits, economic analysis approaches, role of public/private actors, limits, and project evaluation. We comment on the benefits and shortcomings of analytical methods and suggested economic efforts. Economists need to play a role in such diverse matters as projecting adaptation needs, designing adaptation incentives, and evaluating projects to ensure efficiency and effectiveness.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      THE CHALLENGE OF CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION FOR AGRICULTURE: AN ECONOMICALLY ORIENTED REVIEW
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      THE CHALLENGE OF CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION FOR AGRICULTURE: AN ECONOMICALLY ORIENTED REVIEW
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      THE CHALLENGE OF CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION FOR AGRICULTURE: AN ECONOMICALLY ORIENTED REVIEW
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author's e-mail: brucemccarl@gmail.com
References
Hide All
Adams, R.M., Fleming, R.A., Chang, C.-C., McCarl, B.A., and Rosenzweig, C.. “A Reassessment of the Economic Effects of Global Climate Change on U.S. Agriculture.” Climatic Change 30,2(1995):147–67.
Adams, R.M., McCarl, B.A., Segerson, K., Rosenzweig, C., Bryant, K.J., Dixon, B.L., Conner, R., Evenson, R.E., and Ojima, D.. “ Economic Effects of Climate Change on US Agriculture.” The Impact of Climate Change on the United States Economy. Mendelsohn, R. and Newmann, J.E., eds. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1999, pp. 1854.
Adams, R.M., Rosenzweig, C., Peart, R.M., Ritchie, J.T., McCarl, B.A., Glyer, J.D., Curry, R.B., Jones, J.W., Boote, K.J., and Allen, L.H. Jr., “Global Climate Change and US Agriculture.” Nature 345(May 1990):219–24.
Aisabokhae, R.A., McCarl, B.A., and Zhang, Y.W.. “Agricultural Adaptation: Needs, Findings and Effects.” Handbook on Climate Change and Agriculture. Dinar, A. and Mendelsohn, R., eds. Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar, 2011, pp. 327–41.
Attavanich, W., and McCarl, B.A.. “How Is CO2 Affecting Yields and Technological Progress? A Statistical Analysis.” Climatic Change 124,4(2014):747–62.
Attavanich, W., McCarl, B.A., Ahmedov, Z., Fuller, S.W., and Vedenov, D.V.. “Effects of Climate Change on US Grain Transport.” Nature Climate Change 3(2013):638–43.
Attavanich, W., McCarl, B.A., Fuller, S.W., Vedenov, D.V., and Ahmedov, Z.. “The Effect of Climate Change on Transportation Flows and Inland Waterways Due to Climate-Induced Shifts in Crop Production Patterns.” Paper presented at the Agricultural and Applied Economics Association Annual Meeting, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, July 24–26, 2011.
Barnett, J., and O'Neill, S.. “Maladaptation.” Global Environmental Change 20,2(2010):211–13.
Brouwer, R., and van Ek, R.. “Integrated Ecological, Economic and Social Impact Assessment of Alternative Flood Control Policies in the Netherlands.” Ecological Economics 50,1–2(2004):121.
Burton, I., and May, E.. “The Adaptation Deficit in Water Resource Management.” IDS Bulletin 35,3(2004):3137.
Butt, T.A., McCarl, B.A., Angerer, J., Dyke, P.T., and Stuth, J.W.. “The Economic and Food Security Implications of Climate Change in Mali.” Climatic Change 68,3(2005):355–78.
Butt, T.A., McCarl, B.A., and Kergna, A.O.. “Policies for Reducing Agricultural Sector Vulnerability to Climate Change in Mali.” Climate Policy 5,6(2006):583–98.
Chambwera, M., Heal, G., Dubeux, C., Hallegatte, S., Leclerc, L., Markandya, A., McCarl, B.A., Mechler, R., and Neumann, J.. “Economics of Adaptation.” Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Part A: Global and Sectoral Aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Field, C.B., Barros, V.R., Dokken, D.J., Mach, K.J., Mastrandrea, M.D., Bilir, T.E., Chatterjee, M., et al., eds. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2014, pp. 945–77.
Chen, C.-C., and McCarl, B.. “Hurricanes and Possible Intensity Increases: Effects on and Reactions from U.S. Agriculture.” Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics 41,1(2009):125–44.
Chen, C.-C., and McCarl, B.. “An Investigation of the Relationship between Pesticide Usage and Climate Change.” Climatic Change 50,4(2001):475–87.
Chen, C.-C., McCarl, B.A., and Adams, R.M.. “Economic Implications of Potential ENSO Frequency and Strength Shifts.” Climatic Change 49,1(2001):147–59.
Chen, C.-C., McCarl, B., and Chang, C.-C.. “Climate Change, Sea Level Rise and Rice: Global Market Implications.” Climatic Change 110,3(2012):543–60.
Cho, S.J. “Three Essays on Climate Change Adaptation and Impacts: Econometric Investigations.” Ph.D. dissertation, Texas A&M University, College Station, 2015.
Craine, J.M., Elmore, A.J., Olson, K.C., and Tolleson, D.. “Climate Change and Cattle Nutritional Stress.” Global Change Biology 16,10(2010):2901–11.
Dovers, S.R., and Hezri, A.A.. “Institutions and Policy Processes: The Means to the Ends of Adaptation.” Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change 1,2(2010):212–31.
Elbakidze, L., and McCarl, B.A.. “Sequestration Offsets versus Direct Emission Reductions: Consideration of Environmental Co-effects.” Ecological Economics 60,3(2007):564–71.
Elbehri, A., Genest, A., and Burfisher, M.E.. Global Action on Climate Change in Agriculture: Linkages to Food Security, Markets and Trade Policies in Developing Countries. Rome: Trade and Markets Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2011.
Feng, S. “Three Essays on Agricultural and Forestry Offsets in Climate Change Mitigation.” Ph.D. dissertation, Texas A&M University, College Station, 2012.
Feng, S.J., McCarl, B.A., and Havlik, P., “Crop Yield Growth and Its Implication for the International Effects of US Bioenergy and Climate Policies.” Paper presented at the Agricultural and Applied Economics Association Annual Meeting, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, July 24–26, 2011.
Füssel, H.-M., Hallegatte, S., and Reder, M.. “International Adaptation Funding.” Climate Change, Justice and Sustainability. Edenhofer, O., Wallacher, J., Lotze-Campen, H., Reder, M., Knopf, B., and Müller, J., eds. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer, 2012, pp. 311–30.
Gale, P., Drew, T., Phipps, L.P., David, G., and Wooldridge, M.. “The Effect of Climate Change on the Occurrence and Prevalence of Livestock Diseases in Great Britain: A Review.” Journal of Applied Microbiology 106,5(2009):1409–23.
Gaughan, J., Lacetera, N., Valtorta, S.E., Khalifa, H.H., Hahn, L., and Mader, T.. “Response of Domestic Animals to Climate Challenges.” Biometeorology for Adaptation to Climate Variability and Change. Ebi, K.L., Burton, I., and McGregor, G.R., eds. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer, 2009, pp. 131–70.
Glantz, M.H., ed. Societal Responses to Regional Climate Change. Forecasting by Analogy. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1988.
Harvey, C.A., Chacón, M., Donatti, C.I., Garen, E., Hannah, L., Andrade, A., Bede, L., et al.Climate-Smart Landscapes: Opportunities and Challenges for Integrating Adaptation and Mitigation in Tropical Agriculture.” Conservation Letters 7,2(2014):7790.
Howden, S.M., Crimp, S.J., and Stokes, C.J.. “Climate Change and Australian Livestock Systems: Impacts, Research and Policy Issues.” Animal Production Science 48,7(2008):780–88.
Howden, S.M., Soussana, J.-F., Tubiello, F.N., Chhetri, N., Dunlop, M., and Meinke, H.. “Adapting Agriculture to Climate Change.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104,50(2007):19691–96.
Huffman, W.E., and Just, R.E.. “Setting Efficient Incentives for Agricultural Research: Lessons from Principal-Agent Theory.” American Journal of Agricultural Economics 82,4(2000):828–41.
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2001.
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2007.
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2013.
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2014.
Joyce, L.A., Briske, D.D., Brown, J.R., Polley, H.W., McCarl, B.A., and Bailey, D.W.. “Climate Change and North American Rangelands: Assessment of Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies.” Rangeland Ecology and Management 66,5(2013):512–28.
Kim, M.-K., and McCarl, B.A.. “Uncertainty Discounting for Land-Based Carbon Sequestration.” Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics 41,1(2009):111.
Kim, M.-K., McCarl, B.A., and Murray, B.C.. “Permanence Discounting for Land-Based Carbon Sequestration.” Ecological Economics 64,4(2008):763–69.
Klein, R.J.T., and Juhola, S.. “A Framework for Nordic Actor-Oriented Climate Adaptation Research.” Environmental Science and Policy 40(June 2014):101–15.
Knutti, R., and Sedláček, J.. “Robustness and Uncertainties in the New CMIP5 Climate Model Projections.” Nature Climate Change 3(2013):369–73.
Laffont, J.-J., and Martimort, D.. The Theory of Incentives: The Principal-Agent Model. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2002.
Lal, R., Delgado, J.A., Groffman, P.M., Millar, N., Dell, C., and Rotz, A.. “Management to Mitigate and Adapt to Climate Change.” Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 66,4(2011):276–85.
Lemos, M.C., and Boyd, E.. “The Politics of Adaptation across Scales: The Implications of Additionality to Policy Choice and Development.” The Politics of Climate Change: A Survey. Boykoff, M.T., ed. London: Routledge, 2010, pp. 96110.
Mader, T.L.Animal Welfare Concerns for Cattle Exposed to Adverse Environmental Conditions.” Journal of Animal Science 92,12(2014):5319–24.
Mader, T.L., Frank, K.L., Harrington, J.A. Jr., Hahn, G.L., and Nienaber, J.A.. “Potential Climate Change Effects on Warm-Season Livestock Production in the Great Plains.” Climatic Change 97,3(2009):529–41.
Malcolm, S., Marshall, E., Aillery, M., Heisey, P., Livingston, M., and Day-Rubenstein, K.. Agricultural Adaptation to a Changing Climate: Economic and Environmental Implications Vary by U.S. Region. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Economic Research Report No. 136, July 2012.
McCarl, B.A.Elaborations on Climate Adaptation in U.S. Agriculture.” Choices 30,2(2015):15.
McCarl, B.A.. Agriculture.” Impact of Global Warming on Texas. Schmandt, J., North, G.R., and Clarkson, J., eds. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2011, pp. 157–71.
McCarl, B.A., Villavicencio, X., and Wu, X.. “Climate Change and Future Analysis: Is Stationarity Dying?American Journal of Agricultural Economics 90,5(2008):1241–47.
Melillo, J.M., Richmond, T., and Yohe, G.W., eds. Climate Change Impacts in the United States: The Third National Climate Assessment. U.S. Global Change Research Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2014.
Mendelsohn, R.Efficient Adaptation to Climate Change.” Climatic Change 45,3(2000):583600.
Mendelsohn, R., and Dinar, A.. “Climate Change, Agriculture, and Developing Countries: Does Adaptation Matter?World Bank Research Observer 14,2(1999):277–93.
Mendelsohn, R., Nordhaus, W.D., and Shaw, D.. “The Impact of Global Warming on Agriculture: A Ricardian Analysis.” American Economic Review 84,4(1994):753–71.
Mimura, N., Pulwarty, R.S., Duc, D.M., Elshinnawy, I., Redsteer, M.H., Huang, H.-Q., Nkem, J.N., and Sanchez Rodriguez, R.A.. “Adaptation Planning and Implementation.” Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Part A: Global and Sectoral Aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Field, C.B., Barros, V.R., Dokken, D.J., Mach, K.J., Mastrandrea, M.D., Bilir, T.E., Chatterjee, M., et al., eds. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2014, pp. 869–98.
Mu, J.E., McCarl, B.A., and Wein, A.M.. “Adaptation to Climate Change: Changes in Farmland Use and Stocking Rate in the U.S.” Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 18,6(2013):713–30.
Murray, B.C., McCarl, B.A., and Lee, H.-C.. “Estimating Leakage from Forest Carbon Sequestration Programs.” Land Economics 80,1(2004):109–24.
Nath, P.K., and Behera, B.. “A Critical Review of Impact of and Adaptation to Climate Change in Developed and Developing Economies.” Environment, Development and Sustainability 13,1(2011):141–62.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Centers for Environmental Information (NOAA-NCEI). “State of the Climate: Global Analysis for Annual 2015.” January 2016. Internet site: https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global/201513 (Accessed April 12, 2016).
Nordhaus, W.D.A Review of the ‘Stern Review on the Economics of Climate Change.’Journal of Economic Literature 45,3(2007):686702.
Oppenheimer, M., Campos, M., Warren, R., Birkmann, J., Luber, G., O'Neill, B., and Takahashi, K.. “Emergent Risks and Key Vulnerabilities.” Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Part A: Global and Sectoral Aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Field, C.B., Barros, V.R., Dokken, D.J., Mach, K.J., Mastrandrea, M.D., Bilir, T.E., Chatterjee, M., et al., eds. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2014, pp. 1039–99.
Osberghaus, D., Dannenberg, A., Mennel, T., and Sturm, B.. “The Role of the Government in Adaptation to Climate Change.” Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy 28,5(2010):834–50.
Parry, M., Arnell, N., Berry, P., Dodman, D., Fankhauser, S., Hope, C., Kovats, S., et al. Assessing the Costs of Adaptation to Climate Change: A Review of the UNFCCC and Other Recent Estimates. London: International Institute for Environment and Development and Grantham Institute for Climate Change, Imperial College London, 2009.
Porter, J.R., Xie, L., Challinor, A.J., Cochrane, K., Howden, S.M., Iqbal, M.M., Lobell, D.B., and Travasso, M.I.. “Food Security and Food Production Systems.” Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Part A: Global and Sectoral Aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Field, C.B., Barros, V.R., Dokken, D.J., Mach, K.J., Mastrandrea, M.D., Bilir, T.E., Chatterjee, M., et al., eds. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2014, pp. 485533.
Reilly, J., Tubiello, F., McCarl, B., Abler, D., Darwin, R., Fuglie, K., Hollinger, S., et al.U.S. Agriculture and Climate Change: New Results.” Climatic Change 57,1(2003):4367.
Reilly, J.M., Hrubovcak, J., Graham, J., Abler, D.G., Darwin, R., Hollinger, S.E., Izaurralde, R.C., et al. Agriculture: The Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change for the United States. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2002.
Renaudeau, D., Collin, A.. Yahav, S., de Basilio, V., Gourdine, J.L., and Collier, R.J.Adaptation to Hot Climate and Strategies to Alleviate Heat Stress in Livestock Production.” Animal 6,5(2012):707–28.
Rosenberg, N.J. Adaptation of Agriculture to Climate Change. Climatic Change 21,4(1992):385405.
Ruttan, V.W., and Hayami, Y.. “Toward a Theory of Induced Institutional Innovation.” Journal of Development Studies 20,4(1984):203–23.
Sacks, W.J., and Kucharik, C.J.. “Crop Management and Phenology Trends in the U.S. Corn Belt: Impacts on Yields, Evapotranspiration and Energy Balance.” Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 151,7(2011):882–94.
Samuelson, P.A.The Pure Theory of Public Expenditure.” Review of Economics and Statistics 36,4(1954):387–89.
Schlenker, W., and Roberts, M.J.. “Nonlinear Temperature Effects Indicate Severe Damages to U.S. Crop Yields under Climate Change.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 106,37(2009):15594–98.
Seo, S.N.Is an Integrated Farm More Resilient against Climate Change? A Micro-econometric Analysis of Portfolio Diversification in African Agriculture.” Food Policy 35,1(2010):3240.
Seo, S.N., McCarl, B.A., and Mendelsohn, R.. “From Beef Cattle to Sheep under Global Warming? An Analysis of Adaptation by Livestock Species Choice in South America.” Ecological Economics 69,12(2010):2486–94.
Seo, S.N., and Mendelsohn, R.. “An Analysis of Crop Choice: Adapting to Climate Change in South American Farms.” Ecological Economics 67,1(2008):109–16.
Seo, S.N., Mendelsohn, R., Dinar, A., and Kurukulasuriya, P.. “Adapting to Climate Change Mosaically: An Analysis of African Livestock Management by Agro-ecological Zones.” B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy 9,2(2009):137.
Soussana, J.-F., Graux, A.-I., and Tubiello, F.N.. “Improving the Use of Modelling for Projections of Climate Change Impacts on Crops and Pastures.” Journal of Experimental Botany 61,8(2010):2217–28.
Stern, N. The Economics of Climate Change: The Stern Review. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007.
Thomas, D.T., Wilmot, M.G., Kelly, R.W., and Revell, D.K.. “Adaptation Behaviour of Local and Rangeland Cattle Relocated to a Temperate Agricultural Pasture.” Animal Production Science 51,12(2011):1088–97.
United Nations Environment Programme. “INDCS Signal Unprecedented Momentum for Climate Agreement in Paris, but Achieving 2 Degree Objective Contingent upon Enhanced Ambition in Future Years.” November 6, 2015. Internet site: http://www.unep.org/Documents.Multilingual/Default.asp?DocumentID=26854&ArticleID=35542&l=en (Accessed April 12, 2016).
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. “Climate Finance in the Paris Agreement.” Internet site: http://unfccc.int/cooperation_and_support/financial_mechanism/items/2807.php (Accessed June 16, 2016).
Viguié, V., and Hallegatte, S.. “Trade-offs and Synergies in Urban Climate Policies.” Nature Climate Change 2(2012):334–37.
Villavicencio, X., McCarl, B.A., Wu, X., and Huffman, W.E.. “Climate Change Influences on Agricultural Research Productivity.” Climatic Change 119,3(2013):815–24.
Vitali, A., Felici, A., Esposito, S., Bernabucci, U., Bertocchi, L., Maresca, C., Nardone, A., and Lacetera, N.. “The Effect of Heat Waves on Dairy Cow Mortality.” Journal of Dairy Science 98,7(2015):4572–79.
Wang, W., and McCarl, B.A.. “Temporal Investment in Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation.” Climate Change Economics 4,2(2013):1350009.
Weindl, I., Lotze-Campen, H., Popp, A., Müller, C., Havlík, P., Herrero, M., Schmitz, C., and Rolinski, S.. “Livestock in a Changing Climate: Production System Transitions as an Adaptation Strategy for Agriculture.” Environmental Research Letters 10,9(2015):094021.
Wiatrak, P.J., Wright, D.L., Marois, J.J., Koziara, W., and Pudelko, J.A.. “Tillage and Nitrogen Application Impact on Cotton following Wheat.” Agronomy Journal 97,1(2005):288–93.
Willey, Z., and Chameides, B., eds. Harnessing Farms and Forests in the Low-Carbon Economy: How to Create, Measure, and Verify Greenhouse Gas Offsets. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2007.
Wolfe, D.W., Ziska, L., Petzoldt, C., Seaman, A., Chase, L., and Hayhoe, K.. “Projected Change in Climate Thresholds in the Northeastern U.S.: Implications for Crops, Pests, Livestock, and Farmers.” Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 13,5(2008):555–75.
Wu, J., and Babcock, B.A.. “Optimal Design of a Voluntary Green Payment Program under Asymmetric Information.” Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics 20,2(1995):316–27.
Yu, T., and Babcock, B.A.. “Are U.S. Corn and Soybeans Becoming More Drought Tolerant?American Journal of Agricultural Economics 92,5(2010):1310–23.
Zhang, Y.W., Hagerman, A.D., and McCarl, B.A.. “Influence of Climate Factors on Spatial Distribution of Texas Cattle Breeds.” Climatic Change 118,2(2013):183–95.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics
  • ISSN: 1074-0708
  • EISSN: 2056-7405
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-agricultural-and-applied-economics
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed