Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Productivity and Economic Effects of Antibiotics Used for Growth Promotion in U.S. Pork Production

  • Gay Y. Miller (a1), Kenneth A. Algozin (a2), Paul E. McNamara (a3) and Eric J. Bush (a4)
Abstract

Public health experts are concerned about the diminishing efficacy of antibiotics. Some have called for a ban on growth-promoting antibiotics in animal agriculture. This study identifies the contribution of growth-promoting antibiotics in the grower/finisher phase of U.S. pork production. With National Animal Health Monitoring System swine data, relationships are estimated between growth-promoting antibiotic use and productivity. Results indicate improvements in average daily gain (0.5%), feed conversion ratio (1.1%), and mortality rate (reduced 0.22 percentage points); these productivity improvements translate into a profitability gain of $0.59 per pig marketed, or an improvement of 9% in net profits associated with growth promotion antibiotics.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Beran G.W.Use of Drags in Animals: An Epidemiologic Perspective.Proceedings of the Symposium on Animal Drug Use—Dollars and Sense. Stefan G.E., ed., pp. 327. Rockville, MD: Center for Veterinary Medicine, 1988.
Buzby J.C., Roberts T., Lin C.-T.J., and MacDonald J.M.. Bacterial Foodborne Disease Medical Costs and Productivity Losses. U.S. Department of Agriculture/Economic Research Service Pub. No. AER 741, August 1996.
Cromwell G.L.Antimicrobial Agents.Swine Nutrition. Miller E.R., Ullrey D.E., and Lewis A.J., eds., pp. 297314. Stoneham, MA: Butterworth-Heinemann, 1991.
Cromwell G.L.. “Why and How Antibiotics are Used in Swine Production.Animal Biotechnology 13(2002):727.
de Lange C.F.M., and Baidoo S.K.. “Feeding for Profit in the Finisher Barn.Staying Competitive: Tomorrow's Technology for Today, de Lange C.F.M., ed. Volume 11. Manitoba Swine Seminar, 1997. Manitoba: Manitoba Agriculture and Food. Internet site: http://www.gov.mb.ca/agriculture/livestock/pork/swine/bab10s14.html (Accessed August 2003).
Dewey C.E., Cox B.D., Straw B.E., Bush E.J., and Hurd S.. “Use of Antimicrobials in Swine Feeds in the United States.Journal of Swine Health and Production 7(1999):1925.
Dillon J.L., and Anderson J.R.. The Analysis of Response in Crop and Livestock Production. New York: Pergamon Press, 1990.
Farrington L.A., Harvey R.B., Buckley S.A., Stanker L.H., and Inskip P.D.. “A Preliminary Survey of Antibiotic Resistance of Salmonella in Market-Age Swine.Mechanisms in the Pathogenesis of Enteric Diseases 2. Paul P.S..and Francis D.H., eds., Chapter 31:291297. New York: Klewer Academic/Plenum Publishers, 1999.
Gilliam H.C., and Martin J.R.. “Economic Importance of Antibiotics in Feeds to Producers and Consumers of Pork, Beef and Veal.Journal of Animal Science 40, 6(1975):12411255.
Hayes D.J., Jensen H.H., Backstrom L., and Fabiosa J.. “Economic Impact of a Ban on the Use of Over-the-Counter Antibiotics in U.S. Swine Rations.” Staff Report 99 SR 90, Center for Agricultural and Rural Development, Iowa State University, December 1999.
Heady E.O., and Dillon J.L.. Agricultural Production Functions. Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press, 1961.
Illinois Farm Business Farm Management Association. 2000 Livestock Report. Urbana-Champaign, IL: Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, March 2001.
Levy S.B.Antibiotic Use for Growth Promotion in Animals: Ecologic and Public Health Consequences.Journal of Food Protection 50(1987):616620.
Losinger W.C.Feed-conversion Ratio of Finisher Pigs in the USA.Preventive Veterinary Medicine 36(1998):287305.
Losinger W.C., Bush E.J., Smith M.A., and Corso B.A.. “An Analysis of Mortality in the Grower/Finisher Phase of Swine Production in the United States.Preventive Veterinary Medicine 33(1998a):121145.
Losinger W.C., Bush E.J., Hill G.W., Smith M.A.. Garber L.P., Rodriguez J.M., and Kane G.. “Design and Implementation of the United States National Animal Health Monitoring System 1995 National Swine Survey.Preventive Veterinary Medicine 34(1998b):147159.
Manchanda S., Kliebenstein J.B., and McKean J.D.. “Economic Comparison of Alternatives to Sulfamethazine Use in Pork Production.” Staff Papers Series #266. Ames, IA: Department of Economics, Iowa State University, July 1995.
Mann T., and Paulsen A.. “Economic Impact of Restricting Feed Additives in Livestock and Poultry Production.American Journal of Agricultural Economics 58(February 1976):4753.
Mazel D., and Davies J.. “Antibiotic Resistance in Microbes.Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences 56(1999):742754.
McEwen S.A., and Fedorka-Cray P.J.. “Antimicrobial Use and Resistance in Animals.Clinical Infectious Diseases 34(Suppl. 3, 2002):S93S106.
Mellon M., Benbrook C., and Benbrook K.L.. Hogging It: Estimates of Antimicrobial Abuse in Livestock. Cambridge, MA: Union of Concerned Scientists, January 2001.
Miller G.Y., Song Y., and Bahnson P.B.. “An Economic Model for Estimating Batch Finishing System Profitability with an Application in Preventing Porcine Respiratory Disease Complex.Journal of Swine Health and Production 9, 4(2001):169177.
National Research Council. The Use of Drugs in Food Animals: Benefits and Risks. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1999.
Regents of the University of Minnesota.Benchmarking in Swine Herds.St. Paul, MN: PigCHAMP® 1999, p. 23.
Rhodes V.J.The Industrialization of Hog Production.Review of Agricultural Economics 17(1995):107118.
StataCorp. Stata Statistical Software: Release 6.0. College Station, TX: Stata Corporation, 1999.
Teuber M.Spread of Antibiotic Resistance with Food-borne Pathogens.Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences 56(1999):755763.
Tubbs R.C., Hurd H.S., Dargatz D.A., and Hill G.W.. “Preweaning Morbidity and Mortality in the United States Swine Herd.Journal of Swine Health and Production 1, 1(1993):2128.
United States Department of Agriculture, APHIS (USDA/APHIS). National Swine Survey: Morbidity/Mortality and Health Management of Swine in the United States. Fort Collins, CO: USDA/APHIS/VS Publication N101.0192, 1992.
United States Department of Agriculture, APHIS (USDA/APHIS). Swine '95 Part I: Reference of 1995 Swine Management Practices. Fort Collins, CO: USDA/APHIS/VS Publication N186.995, 1995.
United States Department of Agriculture, APHIS (USDA/APHIS). Swine '95 Part II: Reference of 1995 U.S.Grower/Finisher Health and Management Practices. Fort Collins, CO: USDA/APHIS/VS Publication N201.696, 1996.
Wade M.A., and Barkley A.P.. “The Economic Impacts of a Ban on Subtherapeutic Antibiotics in Swine Production.Agribusiness 8, 2(1992):93107.
World Health Organization Director-General. Over-coming Antimicrobial Resistance. World Health Report on Infectious Diseases 2000. Internet site: http://www.who.int/infectious-disease-report/2000/other_versions/index-rpt2000_text.html (Ac-cessed 2002).
Zimmerman D.R.Role of Subtherapeutic Levels of Antimicrobials in Pig Production.Journal of Animal Science 62(Suppl. 3, 1986):617.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics
  • ISSN: 1074-0708
  • EISSN: 2056-7405
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-agricultural-and-applied-economics
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 3 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 265 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 23rd October 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.