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Intercropping maize and sorghum with soya beans

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  27 March 2009

R. De
Division of Agronomy, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Dethi-110012, India


Field trials were made in the rainy seasons of 1970–4 at the Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, to evaluate several systems of intercropping maize and sorghum with soya beans. Maize yields were not affected by intercropping with soya beans but sorghum yields were reduced. Though the yield of soya beans when intercropped was less than that of a sole crop, the combined grain yield of the two crops in an intercrop was more than the individual components. Land equivalent ratio (LER) increased to a maximum of about 48 and 31% by intercropping maize and sorghum with soya beans compared with the cereal sole crops. Maize rows planted 120 cm apart and intercropped with two rows of soya beans or sorghum planted 90 cm apart intercropped with one row of soya beans proved to be the best intercropping pattern.

Research Article
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1980

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