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British Ticks

  • Edward Galton Wheler (a1)

The Ixodidae have received so little consideration at the hands of British naturalists that there does not exist amongst our literature any classification of the family having pretension to accuracy or completeness. This may be sufficient to account for the fact that in 1900 when inviting correspondence through the columns of Science-Gossip, I did not receive any reply from a fellow-countryman who had made a serious attempt to study the British ticks, though I have been favoured with much kindly assistance from correspondents who had turned their attention to foreign species.

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page 400 note 1 Vols. VII. and VIII., New Series.

page 400 note 2 Vols. IX., X., XII. and XIV.

page 401 note 1 See Appendix, p. 425.

page 401 note 2 Mentioned by me in “Louping-ill and the Grass-tick” in the Royal Agricultural Journal of December, 1899 (Vol. X., Part IV.). See Appendix, p. 427.

page 402 note 1 Referred to by Fuller, C. in his Bovine-tick Fever, 1896, p. 8.

page 403 note 1 “Regulations for the Control of Contagious Diseases of Live Stock, etc.,” May 1st, 1900, North Carolina Department of Agriculture.

page 403 note 2 See Nuttall, (19041905) Journal of Hygiene, Vol. IV. pp. 219257; Vol. V. p. 237, et seq. Trans. Epidermial. Soc. London, Vol. XXIV. pp 1232. This author is preparing an exhaustive treatise on Ticks.

page 404 note 1 The results of the investigations of the Louping-ill and Braxy Committee of the Board of Agriculture, which are here referred to, will shortly be published in a Blue Book.

page 405 note 1 Some foreign ticks, such as Amblyomma hebraeum, are said to lay as many as 17,000 eggs. Fig. 1 is from a remarkable photograph by Mr C. J. Pound of female Rhipicephali (a foreign species) ovipositing.

page 406 note 1 The illustrations copied are figs. 12, 15, 27, 29, 30, and 35.

page 406 note 2 My remarks are based upon a series of notes contributed to Science-Gossip in 1900 and 1901.

page 407 note 1 Compare fig. 7 with that of A. persicus, fig. 39.

page 408 note 1 Science-Gossip (Old Series), Vol. X., 1874.

page 408 note 2 Science-Gossip (O.S.) Vol. XIII., p. 104and in the Quekett Microsc. Journal, Vol. IV., p. 223. Also (N.S.) 1901, where the illustration is called the nymph, in error, as is shown by the context.

page 408 note 3 The Nature of Human Tick Fever, by DrTodd, J. L., 1905.

page 409 note 1 See his description with illustrations in the Lancet, April 27, 1901.

page 409 note 2 See New York Ent. Soc. Journ. for 1893, pp. 49 to 52.

page 411 note 1 In the original article in Science-Gossip (Vol. VIII., p. 39) the name of Ixodes reduvius Leach, was adopted, following Neumann's classification. He now points out in his fourth Mémoire that this is an error, as Leach was describing a different parasite. The name reduvius should be therefore deleted, and Ixodes ricinus Latreille, substituted. This species is locally known as the “Grass-tick” in the North of England, and is one of the commonest British species.

page 412 note 1 Compare figs. 21 and 22.

page 413 note 1 Compare figs. 21 and 22.

page 417 note 1 The hypostome of the specimen figured is concealed by a piece of bat's flesh adhering to it.

page 418 note 1 Two other females found at the same place on Dec. 2nd, 1905, by Mr Oldham of Knutsford are deposited at the British Museum.

page 424 note 1 This is denied by DrMarx, in Proceedings of Entomological Soc., Washington, Vol. II., No. 2, 1892.

page 425 note 1 Proceedings of Ent. Soc., Washington, Vol. II., No. 3, p. 273, 1892.

page 425 note 2 “About Cattle-ticks,” by CooperCurtice, M.D. Curtice, M.D., Journal of Comparative Medicine, 01, 1892.

page 425 note 3 Agricultural Gazette, Wales, N. S., 07, 1896.

page 425 note 4 The Nature of Human Tick Fever in the Congo Free State, Nov., 1905. Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Memoir XVII.

page 425 note 5 In this illustration two males are shown, one in coitu, the other waiting.

page 426 note 1 Quckett Microscopical Society Journal, October, 1900.

page 427 note 1 Cape Agricultural Journal, Nov. 24, 1898.

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