Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Selenium supply methods and time of application influence spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) yield under water deficit conditions

  • F. NAWAZ (a1), M. Y. ASHRAF (a2), R. AHMAD (a3), E. A. WARAICH (a3), R. N. SHABBIR (a4) and R. A. HUSSAIN (a5)...

Summary

Identification of new effective strategies for improving crop yields under environmental stresses such as drought represent key priorities for researchers around the globe. In the present study, the effects of different methods of exogenous selenium (Se) supply viz. Se seed priming, Se fertigation and Se foliar spray on yield of spring wheat under normal and water deficit conditions were investigated. Two field experiments were conducted using one indigenous drought-tolerant genotype (Kohistan-97) and a sensitive genotype (Pasban-90) to understand the role of Se in improving wheat yield. The experiments were laid out in a split-split plot design with three replications during consecutive years (2011/12 and 2012/13) and the plants were exposed to water stress by withholding irrigation at two different wheat growth stages, viz. tillering and anthesis. It was noted that drought stress significantly affected the yield attributes of wheat; however, exogenous Se supply was observed to be helpful in improving the drought tolerance potential and yield of water-stressed wheat plants through maintenance of plant water status. A significant increase in wheat yield by Se supply was also noted under normal conditions. The normal plants fertigated with Se maintained the highest values for number of productive tillers, spike length, number of grains per spike, thousand-grain weight, biological and grain yield with no significant difference from Se foliar spray at the tillering stage, which was found to be the most effective method of exogenous Se supply for improving wheat yield under water deficit conditions. Moreover, Se fertigation and foliar spray resulted in the maximum accumulation of Se in shoots and gave the highest net return and cost-benefit ratio under drought stress conditions. The present study is one of the few reports on the role of Se in alleviating water stress for obtaining maximum profit in field grown spring wheat.

Copyright

Corresponding author

* To whom all correspondence should be addressed. Email: fahim5382@gmail.com

References

Hide All
Bittman, S., Buckley, W. T., Zaychuk, K. & Brown, E. A. P. (2000). Seed Coating for Enhancing the Level of Selenium in Crops. USA Patent No. 6,058,649. Alexandria, VA: United States Patent and Trademark Office. Available from: http://www.google.co.uk/patents/US6058649 (verified 6 September 2016).
Boldrin, P. F., Faquin, V., Ramos, S. J., Boldrin, K. V. F., Ávila, F. W. & Guilherme, L. R. G. (2013). Soil and foliar application of selenium in rice biofortification. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 31, 238244.
Broadley, M. R., White, P. J., Hammond, J. P., Zelko, I. & Lux, A. (2007). Zinc in plants. New Phytologist 173, 677702.
Chilimba, A. D. C., Young, S. D., Black, C. R., Meacham, M. C., Lammel, J. & Broadley, M. R. (2012). Agronomic biofortification of maize with selenium (Se) in Malawi. Field Crops Research 125, 118128.
Cole, J. & Pagay, V. (2015). Usefulness of early morning stem water potential as a sensitive indicator of water status of deficit-irrigated grapevines (Vitis vinifera L.). Scientia Horticulturae 191, 1014.
Curtin, D., Hanson, R., Lindley, T. N. & Butler, R. C. (2006). Selenium concentration in wheat (Triticum aestivum) grain as influenced by method, rate and timing of sodium selenate application. New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science 34, 329339.
De Temmerman, L., Waegeneers, N., Thiry, C., Du Laing, G., Tack, F. & Ruttens, A. (2014). Selenium content of Belgian cultivated soils and its uptake by field crops and vegetables. Science of the Total Environment 468–469, 7782.
Djanaguiraman, M., Devi, D. D., Shanker, A. K., Sheeba, J. A. & Bangarusamy, U. (2005). Selenium – an antioxidative protectant in soybean during senescence. Plant and Soil 272, 7786.
Djanaguiraman, M., Prasad, P. V. V. & Seppänen, M. (2010). Selenium protects sorghum leaves from oxidative damage under high temperature stress by enhancing antioxidant defense system. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 48, 9991007.
Emam, M. M., Khattab, H. E., Helal, N. M. & Deraz, A. E. (2014). Effect of selenium and silicon on yield quality of rice plant grown under drought stress. Australian Journal of Crop Science 8, 596605.
Feng, R. W., Wei, C. Y., Tu, S. X. & Wu, F. C. (2009). Effects of Se on the uptake of essential elements in Pteris vittata L. Plant and Soil 325, 123132.
Germ, M., Stibilj, V., Osvald, J. & Kreft, I. (2007). Effect of selenium foliar application on chicory (Cichorium intybus L.). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 55, 795798.
Gissel-Nielsen, G., Gupta, U. C., Lamand, M. & Westermarck, T. (1984). Selenium in soils and plants and its importance in livestock and human nutrition. Advances in Agronomy 37, 397460.
Good, A. G. & Zaplachinski, S. T. (1994). The effects of drought stress on free amino acid accumulation and protein synthesis in Brassica napus . Physiologia Plantarum 90, 914.
Grant, C. A., Buckley, W. T. & Wu, R. G. (2007). Effects of selenium fertilizer source and rate on grain yield and selenium and cadmium concentration of durum wheat. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 87, 703708.
Habibi, G. (2013). Effect of drought stress and selenium spraying on photosynthesis and antioxidant activity of spring barley. Acta Agriculturae Slovenica 101, 3139.
Han, D., Li, X., Xiong, S., Tu, S., Chen, Z., Li, J. & Xie, Z. (2013). Selenium uptake, speciation and stressed response of Nicotiana tabacum L. Environmental and Experimental Botany 95, 614.
Hanson, B., Garifullina, G. F., Lindblom, S. D., Wangeline, A., Ackley, A., Kramer, K., Norton, A. P., Lawrence, C. B. & Pilon-Smits, E. A. H. (2003). Selenium accumulation protects Brassica juncea from invertebrate herbivory and fungal infection. New Phytologist 159, 461469.
Hartikainen, H. (2005). Biogeochemistry of selenium and its impact on food chain quality and human health. Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology 18, 309318.
Hartikainen, H., Xue, T. & Piironen, V. (2000). Selenium as an anti-oxidant and pro-oxidant in ryegrass. Plant and Soil 225, 193200.
Hasanuzzaman, M. & Fujita, M. (2011). Selenium pretreatment upregulates the antioxidant defense and methylglyoxal detoxification system and confers enhanced tolerance to drought stress in rapeseed seedlings. Biological Trace Element Research 143, 17581776.
Ibrahim, H. M. (2014). Selenium pretreatment regulates the antioxidant defense system and reduces oxidative stress on drought-stressed wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) plants. Asian Journal of Plant Science 13, 120128.
Jackson, M. L. (1962). Soil Chemical Analysis. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Jafar, M. Z., Farooq, M., Cheema, M. A., Afzal, I., Basra, S. M. A., Wahid, M. A., Aziz, T. & Shahid, M. (2012). Improving the performance of wheat by seed priming under saline conditions. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Sciences 198, 3845.
Kabata-Pendias, A. (2001). Trace Elements in Soils and Plants, 3rd edn. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.
Kahakachchi, C., Boakye, H. T., Uden, P. C. & Tyson, J. F. (2004). Chromatographic speciation of anionic and neutral selenium compounds in Se-accumulating Brassica juncea (Indian mustard) and in selenized yeast. Journal of Chromatography A 1054, 303312.
Kaldenhoff, R., Ribas-Carbo, M., Sans, J. F., Lovisolo, C., Heckwolf, M. & Uehlein, N. (2008). Aquaporins and plant water balance. Plant Cell and Environment 31, 658666.
Krishnaiah, L., Kumar, K. S., Suvardhan, K. & Chiranjeevi, P. (2003). Simple spectrophotometric determination of traces of selenium in environmental samples. In Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Environment and Health, Chennai, India, 15–17 December, 2003 (Eds Bunch, M. J., Madha Suresh, V. & Vasantha Kumaran, T.), pp. 217225. Chennai, India & York, UK: Department of Geography, University of Madras & Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University.
Kumar, M., Bijo, A. J., Baghel, R. S., Reddy, C. R. K. & Jha, B. (2012). Selenium and spermine alleviate cadmium induced toxicity in the red seaweed Gracilaria dura by regulating antioxidant system and DNA methylation. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 51, 129138.
Kuznetsov, V. V., Kholodova, V. P., Kuznetsov, V. I. V. & Yagodin, B. A. (2003). Selenium regulates the water status of plants exposed to drought. Doklady Biological Sciences 390, 266268.
Lyons, G., Stangoulis, J. & Graham, R. (2003). High-selenium wheat: biofortification for better health. Nutrition Research Reviews 16, 4560.
Lyons, G. H., Genc, Y., Soole, K., Stangoulis, J. C. R., Liu, F. & Graham, R. D. (2009). Selenium increases seed production in Brassica. Plant and Soil 318, 7380.
Mayak, S., Tirosh, T. & Glick, B. R. (2004). Plant growth-promoting bacteria that confer resistance to water stress in tomatoes and peppers. Plant Science 166, 525530.
Nawaz, F., Ashraf, M. Y., Ahmad, R. & Waraich, E. A. (2013). Selenium (Se) seed priming induced growth and biochemical changes in wheat under water deficit conditions. Biological Trace Element Research 151, 284293.
Nawaz, F., Ashraf, M. Y., Ahmad, R., Waraich, E. A. & Shabbir, R. N. (2014). Selenium (Se) regulates seedling growth in wheat under drought stress. Advances in Chemistry 2014. Article ID 143567. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/143567.
Nawaz, F., Ashraf, M. Y., Ahmad, R., Waraich, E. A., Shabbir, R. N. & Bukhari, M. A. (2015 a). Supplemental selenium improves wheat grain yield and quality through alterations in biochemical processes under normal and water deficit conditions. Food Chemistry 175, 350357.
Nawaz, F., Ahmad, R., Ashraf, M. Y., Waraich, E. A. & Khan, S. Z. (2015 b). Effect of selenium foliar spray on physiological and biochemical processes and chemical constituents of wheat under drought stress. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 113, 191200.
Passioura, J. B. & Fry, S. C. (1992). Turgor and cell expansion: beyond the Lockhart equation. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 19, 565576.
Pazurkiewicz-Kocot, K., Galas, W. & Kita, A. (2003). The effect of selenium on the accumulation of some metals in Zea mays L. plants treated with indole-3-acetic acid. Cellular and Molecular Biology Letters 8, 97103.
Proietti, P., Nasini, L., Del Buono, D., D'Amato, R., Tedeschini, E. & Businelli, D. (2013). Selenium protects olive (Olea europaea L.) from drought stress. Scientia Horticulturae 164, 165171.
Qadir, G., Saeed, M., Cheema, M. A. (1999). Effect of water stress on growth and yield performance of four wheat cultivars. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 2, 236239.
Ramos, S. J., Faquin, V., Guilherme, L. R. G., Castro, E. M., Ávila, F. W., Carvalho, G. S., Bastos, C. E. A. & Oliveira, C. (2010). Selenium biofortification and antioxidant activity in lettuce plants fed with selenate and selenite. Plant, Soil and Environment 56, 584588.
Sajedi, N. A., Ardakani, M. R., Naderi, A., Madani, H. & Boojar, M. M. A. (2009). Response of maize to nutrients foliar application under water deficit stress conditions. American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences 4, 242248.
Seppänen, M., Turakainen, M. & Hartikainen, H. (2003). Selenium effects on oxidative stress in potato. Plant Science 165, 311319.
Shabbir, R. N., Waraich, E. A., Ali, H., Nawaz, F., Ashraf, M. Y., Ahmad, R., Awan, M. I., Ahmad, S., Irfan, M., Hussain, S. & Ahmad, Z. (2016). Supplemental exogenous NPK application alters biochemical processes to improve yield and drought tolerance in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Environmental Science and Pollution Research 23, 26512662.
Shen, Q. Y., Turakainen, M., Seppänen, M. & Mäkela, P. (2008). Effects of selenium on maize ovary development at pollination stage under water deficits. Agricultural Sciences in China 7, 12981307.
Singh, B. R. (1991). Selenium content of wheat as affected by selenate and selenite contained in a Cl-or SO4-based NPK fertilizer. Fertilizer Research 30, 1. doi:10.1007/BF01048821
Smrkolj, P., Stibilj, V., Kreft, I. & Germ, M. (2006). Selenium species in buckwheat cultivated with foliar addition of Se(VI) and various levels of UV-B radiation. Food Chemistry 96, 675681.
Tadina, N., Germ, M., Kreft, I., Breznik, B. & Gaberščik, A. (2007). Effects of water deficit and selenium on common buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench.) plants. Photosynthetica 45, 472476.
Tang, Y. X., Wang, H. M., Yang, J. F. & Lv, Y. H. (2011). Studies on the selenium content and selenium enriched technique of winter wheat in Hebei Province. Journal of Triticeae Crops 31, 347351 (in Chinese).
Teimouri, S., Hasanpour, J. & Tajali, A. A. (2014). Effect of Selenium spraying on yield and growth indices of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under drought stress condition. International Journal of Advanced Biological and Biomedical Research 2, 20912103.
Terzi, R. & Kadioglu, A. (2006). Drought stress tolerance and the antioxidant enzyme system. Acta Biologica Cracoviensia Series Botanica 48, 8996.
Valadabadi, S. A., Shiranirad, A. H. & Farahani, H. A. (2010). Ecophysiological influences of zeolite and selenium on water deficit stress tolerance in different rapeseed cultivars. Journal of Ecology and the Natural Environment 2, 154159.
Wang, C. Q. (2011). Water-stress mitigation by selenium in Trifolium repens L. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 174, 276282.
Wang, J., Wang, Z., Mao, H., Zhao, H., Huang, D. (2013). Increasing Se concentration in maize grain with soil- or foliar-applied selenite on the Loess Plateau in China. Field Crops Research 150, 8390.
Waraich, E. A., Ahmad, R., Saifullah, , Ashraf, M. Y. & Ehsanullah., (2011). Role of mineral nutrition in alleviation of drought stress in plants. Australian Journal of Crop Science 5, 764777.
Xu, J. & Hu, Q. (2004). Effect of foliar application of selenium on the antioxidant activity of aqueous and ethanolic extracts of selenium-enriched rice. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 52, 17591763.
Yang, F., Chen, L., Hu, Q. & Pan, G. (2003). Effect of the application of selenium on selenium content of soybean and its products. Biological Trace Element Research 93, 249256.
Yao, X., Chu, J. & Wang, G. (2009). Effects of selenium on wheat seedlings under drought stress. Biological Trace Element Research 130, 283290.
Yao, X. Q., Chu, J. Z. & Ba, C. J. (2010). Antioxidant responses of wheat seedlings to exogenous selenium supply under enhanced ultraviolet-B. Biological Trace Element Research 136, 96105.
Yao, X., Chu, J. Z., He, X., Liu, B. B., Li, J. M. & Yue, Z. W. (2013). Effects of selenium on agronomical characters of winter wheat exposed to enhanced ultraviolet-B. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 92, 320326.
Zadoks, J. C., Chang, T. T. & Konzac, C. F. (1974). A decimal code for the growth stages of cereals. Weed Research 14, 415421.
Zahedi, H., Rad, A. H. S. & Moghadam, H. R. T. (2012). Effect of zeolite and selenium foliar application on growth, production and some physiological attributes of three canola (Brassica napus L.) cultivars subjected to drought stress. Revista Científica UDO Agrícola 12, 135142.
Zayed, A., Lytle, C. M. & Terry, N. (1998). Accumulation and volatilization of different chemical species of selenium by plants. Planta 206, 284292.
Zhang, P. Z., Cheng, H., Edwards, R. L., Chen, F. H., Wang, Y. J., Yang, X. L., Liu, J., Tan, M., Wang, X. F., Liu, J. H., An, C. L., Dai, Z. B., Zhou, J., Zhang, D. Z., Jia, J. H., Jin, L. Y., & Johnson, K. R. (2008). A test of climate, sun, and culture relationships from an 1810-year Chinese cave record. Science 322, 940942.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed