Allison P. D. (2005) Fixed Effects Regression Methods for Longitudinal Data Using SAS. SAS Institute, Cary, NC.
Allison P. D. (2009) Fixed Effects Regression Models. SAGE, Los Angeles.
Ardern C. L., Katzmarzyk P. T., Janssen I. & Ross R. (2003) Discrimination of health risk by combined body mass index and waist circumference. Obesity Research 11(1), 135–142.
Bjorntorp P. (2001) Do stress reactions cause abdominal obesity and comorbidities? Obesity Reviews 2(2), 73–86.
Brems C. & Johnson M. E. (1989) Problem-solving appraisal and coping style – the influence of sex-role orientation and gender. Journal of Psychology 123(2), 187–194.
Chambers E. C., Tull E. S., Fraser H. S., Mutunhu N. R., Sobers N. & Niles E. (2004) The relationship of internalized racism to body fat distribution and insulin resistance among African adolescent youth. Journal of the National Medical Association 96(12), 1594–1598.
Clark R., Anderson N. B., Clark V. R. & Williams D. R. (1999) Racism as a stressor for African Americans – a biopsychosocial model. American Psychologist 54(10), 805–816.
Cozier Y. C., Wise L. A., Palmer J. R. & Rosenberg L. (2009) Perceived racism in relation to weight change in the Black Women's Health Study. Annals of Epidemiology 19(6), 379–387.
Crowne D. P. & Marlowe D. (1960) A new scale of social desirability independent of psychopathology. Journal of Consulting Psychology 24(4), 349–354.
Dedovic K., Wadiwalla M., Engert V. & Pruessner J. C. (2009) The role of sex and gender socialization in stress reactivity. Developmental Psychology 45(1), 45–55.
Epel E., Lapidus R., McEwen B. & Brownell K. (2001) Stress may add bite to appetite in women: a laboratory study of stress-induced cortisol and eating behavior. Psychoneuroendocrinology 26(1), 37–49.
Epel E. S., McEwen B., Seeman T., Matthews K., Castellazzo G., Brownell K. D., Bell J. & Ickovics J. R. (2000) Stress and body shape: stress-induced cortisol secretion is consistently greater among women with central fat. Psychosomatic Medicine 62(5), 623–632.
Flegal K. M., Carroll M. D., Kuczmarski R. J. & Johnson C. L. (1998) Overweight and obesity in the United States: prevalence and trends, 1960–1994. International Journal of Obesity 22(1), 39–47.
Flegal K. M., Carroll M. D., Ogden C. L. & Johnson C. L. (2002) Prevalence and trends in obesity among US adults, 1999–2000. Journal of the American Medical Association 288(14), 1723–1727.
Friedman G. D., Cutter G. R., Donahue R. P., Hughes G. H., Hulley S. B., Jacobs D. R.et al. (1988) CARDIA – study design, recruitment, and some characteristics of the examined subjects. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 41(11), 1105–1116.
Gee G. C., Ro A., Gavin A. & Takeuchi D. T. (2008) Disentangling the effects of racial and weight discrimination on body mass index and obesity among Asian Americans. American Journal of Public Health 98(3), 493–500.
Guh D. P., Zhang W., Bansback N., Amarsi Z., Birmingham C. L. & Anis A. H. (2009) The incidence of co-morbidities related to obesity and overweight: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Public Health 9, 20.
Gunderson E. P., Murtaugh M. A., Lewis C. E., Quesenberry C. P., West D. S. & Sidney S. (2004) Excess gains in weight and waist circumference associated with childbearing: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study (CARDIA). International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders 28(4), 525–535.
Hunte H. E. (2011) Association between perceived interpersonal everyday discrimination and waist circumference over a 9-year period in the Midlife Development in the United States cohort study. American Journal of Epidemiology 173(11), 1232–1239.
Hunte H. E. R. & Williams D. R. (2009) The association between perceived discrimination and obesity in a population-based multiracial and multiethnic adult sample. American Journal of Public Health 99(7), 1285–1292.
Iwao S., Iwao N., Muller D. C., Elahi D., Shimokata H. & Andres R. (2001) Does waist circumference add to the predictive power of the body mass index for coronary risk? Obesity Research 9(11), 685–695.
Janssen I., Katzmarzyk P. T. & Ross R. (2002) Body mass index, waist circumference, and health risk. Archives of Internal Medicine 162(18), 2074–2079.
Krieger N., Smith K., Naishadham D., Hartman C. & Barbeau E. M. (2005) Experiences of discrimination: validity and reliability of a self-report measure for population health research on racism and health. Social Science & Medicine 61(7), 1576–1596.
McClure E. B., Monk C. S., Nelson E. E., Zarahn E., Leibenluft E., Bilder R. M.et al. (2004) A developmental examination of gender differences in brain engagement during evaluation of threat. Biological Psychiatry 55(11), 1047–1055.
Mokdad A. H., Marks J. S., Stroup D. F. & Gerberding J. L. (2004) Actual causes of death in the United States, 2000. Journal of the American Medical Association 291(10), 1238–1245.
Noh S. & Kaspar V. (2003) Perceived discrimination and depression: moderating effects of coping, acculturation, and ethnic support. American Journal of Public Health 93(2), 232–238.
Nunnally J. C. & Bernstein I. H. (1994) Psychometric Theory, 3rd edition. McGraw-Hill, New York.
Okosun I. S., Chandra K. M. D., Boev A., Boltri J. M., Choi S. T., Parish D. C. & Dever G. E. A. (2004) Abdominal adiposity in US adults: prevalence and trends, 1960–2000. Preventive Medicine 39(1), 197–206.
Paradies Y. (2006) A systematic review of empirical research on self-reported racism and health. International Journal of Epidemiology 35(4), 888–901.
Renk K. & Creasey G. (2003) The relationship of gender, gender identity, and coping strategies in late adolescents. Journal of Adolescence 26(2), 159–168.
Richman L. S. & Leary M. R. (2009) Reactions to discrimination, stigmatization, ostracism, and other forms of interpersonal rejection: a multimotive model. Psychological Review 116(2), 365–383.
Rosmond R., Dallman M. F. & Bjorntorp P. (1998) Stress-related cortisol secretion in men: relationships with abdominal obesity and endocrine, metabolic and hemodynamic abnormalities. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism 83(6), 1853–1859.
Schulz A. J., Gravlee C. C., Williams D. R., Israel B. A., Mentz G. & Rowe Z. (2006) Discrimination, symptoms of depression, and self-rated health among African American women in Detroit: results from a longitudinal analysis. American Journal of Public Health 96(7), 1265–1270.
Shadish W. R., Cook T. D. & Campbell D. T. (2001) Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Designs for Generalized Causal Inference. Houghton Mifflin, Boston.
Shelton R. C., Puleo E., Bennett G. G., McNeill L. H., Sorensen G. & Emmons K. M. (2009) The association between racial and gender discrimination and body mass index among residents living in lower-income housing. Ethnicity and Disease 19(3), 251–257.
Sims R., Gordon S., Garcia W., Clark E., Monye D., Callender C. & Campbell A. (2008) Perceived stress and eating behaviors in a community-based sample of African Americans. Eating Behaviors 9(2), 137–142.
Stroud L. R., Salovey P. & Epel E. S. (2002) Sex differences in stress responses: social rejection versus achievement stress. Biological Psychiatry 52(4), 318–327.
Szklo M. & Nieto F. J. (2007) Epidemiology: Beyond the Basics, 2nd edition. Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Sudbury, MA.
Tull E. S., Wickramasuriya T., Taylor J., Smith-Burns V., Brown M., Champagnie G.et al. (1999) Relationship of internalized racism to abdominal obesity and blood pressure in Afro-Caribbean women. Journal of the National Medical Association 91(8), 447–452.
Vines A. I., Baird D. D., Stevens J., Hertz-Picciotto I., Light K. C. & McNeilly M. (2007) Associations of abdominal fat with perceived racism and passive emotional responses to racism in African American women. American Journal of Public Health 97(3), 526–530.
Wang Y. & Beydoun M. A. (2007) The obesity epidemic in the United States – gender, age, socioeconomic, racial/ethnic, and geographic characteristics: a systematic review and meta-regression analysis. Epidemiologic Reviews 29, 6–28.
Williams D. R. & Mohammed S. A. (2009) Discrimination and racial disparities in health: evidence and needed research. Journal of Behavioral Medicine 32(1), 20–47.
Zhu S. K., Wang Z. M., Heshka S., Heo M. S., Faith M. S. & Heymsfield S. B. (2002) Waist circumference and obesity-associated risk factors among whites in the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey: clinical action thresholds. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 76(4), 743–749.