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  • Cited by 12
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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Monson, Olivia and Donaghue, Ngaire 2015. “You Get the Baby You Need”: Negotiating the Use of Assisted Reproductive Technology for Social Sex Selection in Online Discussion Forums. Qualitative Research in Psychology, Vol. 12, Issue. 3, p. 298.

    Sandström, Glenn and Vikström, Lotta 2015. Sex preference for children in German villages during the fertility transition. Population Studies, Vol. 69, Issue. 1, p. 57.

    Tian, Felicia F. and Morgan, S. Philip 2015. Gender Composition of Children and the Third Birth in the United States. Journal of Marriage and Family, Vol. 77, Issue. 5, p. 1157.

    Rai, Pramila Paudel, Ishwari Sharma Ghimire, Anup Pokharel, Paras Kumar Rijal, Raju and Niraula, Surya Raj 2014. Effect of gender preference on fertility: cross-sectional study among women of Tharu community from rural area of eastern region of Nepal. Reproductive Health, Vol. 11, Issue. 1,

    North, Robyn 2013. The pervasiveness of heterosexuality in contemporary relationships: Implications for domestic democracy. Women's Studies International Forum, Vol. 40, p. 1.

    Nugent, Colleen N. 2013. Wanting Mixed-Sex Children: Separate Spheres, Rational Choice, and Symbolic Capital Motivations. Journal of Marriage and Family, Vol. 75, Issue. 4, p. 886.

    Zhu, Anna W. 2012. Working and caring for large families: do mothers face a trade-off?. Journal of Population Research, Vol. 29, Issue. 4, p. 329.

    Kippen, Rebecca Evans, Ann and Gray, Edith 2011. Australian attitudes toward sex-selection technology. Fertility and Sterility, Vol. 95, Issue. 5, p. 1824.

    Gray, Edith Evans, Ann Anderson, Jon and Kippen, Rebecca 2010. Using Split-Population Models to Examine Predictors of the Probability and Timing of Parity Progression. European Journal of Population / Revue européenne de Démographie, Vol. 26, Issue. 3, p. 275.

    McDonald, Peter and Moyle, Helen 2010. Why do English-speaking countries have relatively high fertility?. Journal of Population Research, Vol. 27, Issue. 4, p. 247.

    Mills, Melinda and Begall, Katia 2010. Preferences for the sex-composition of children in Europe: A multilevel examination of its effect on progression to a third child. Population Studies, Vol. 64, Issue. 1, p. 77.

    Lin, Tin-chi 2009. The decline of son preference and rise of gender indifference in Taiwan since 1990. Demographic Research, Vol. 20, p. 377.



  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 July 2007

This paper considers whether sex composition of existing children in Australian families is an important factor in parity progression. Using census data from 1981, 1986, 1991, 1996 and 2001, women are linked with their co-resident children, allowing investigation of family sex composition and its changing impact over time on the propensity to have another child. The study finds that parents are much more likely to have a third and fourth birth if existing children are all of the same sex, indicating a strong preference for children of both sexes. This increased propensity has added around three per cent to the fertility of recent cohorts. The paper concludes with a discussion of the potential impact of sex-selection technologies on fertility. The authors argue that future widespread use of reliable sex-selection technologies might act to increase fertility in the short term, but would lead to a long-term reduction in fertility.

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Journal of Biosocial Science
  • ISSN: 0021-9320
  • EISSN: 1469-7599
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-biosocial-science
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