Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Monodialectal and multidialectal infants’ representation of familiar words*

  • SAMANTHA DURRANT (a1), CLAIRE DELLE LUCHE (a1), ALLEGRA CATTANI (a1) and CAROLINE FLOCCIA (a1)

Abstract

Monolingual infants are typically studied as a homogenous group and compared to bilingual infants. This study looks further into two subgroups of monolingual infants, monodialectal and multidialectal, to identify the effects of dialect-related variation on the phonological representation of words. Using an Intermodal Preferential Looking task, the detection of mispronunciations in familiar words was compared in infants aged 1;8 exposed to consistent (monodialectal) or variable (multidialectal) pronunciations of words in their daily input. Only monodialectal infants detected the mispronunciations whereas multidialectal infants looked longer at the target following naming whether the label was correctly produced or not. This suggests that variable phonological input in the form of dialect variation impacts the degree of specificity of lexical representations in early infancy.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Address for correspondence: Samantha Durrant, School of Psychology, Plymouth University, Drake Circus, PL4 8AA, Plymouth, UK. tel: +44 1752584859; e-mail: samantha.durrant@plymouth.ac.uk

Footnotes

Hide All
[*]

This work was supported by grants from the Nuffield Foundation (2008–2011) and the ESRC (2009–2011) awarded to the last author. Special thanks are also due to all the toddlers and their parents who participated in this study.

Footnotes

References

Hide All
Albareda-Castellot, B., Pons, F. & Sebastián-Gallés, N. (2011). The acquisition of phonetic categories in bilingual infants: new data from an anticipatory eye movement paradigm. Developmental Science 14(2), 395401.
Altendorf, U. & Watt, D. (2004). The dialects in the South of England: phonology. Handbook of Varieties of English 1, 178203.
Best, C. T., Tyler, M. D., Gooding, T. N., Orlando, C. B. & Quann, C. A. (2009). Development of phonological constancy: toddlers' perception of native- and Jamaican-accented words. Psychological Science 20(5), 539–42.
Bialystok, E., Luk, G., Peets, K. F. & Yang, S. (2010). Receptive vocabulary differences in monolingual and bilingual children. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 13(4), 525–31.
Bosch, L. & Sebastián-Gallés, N. (2003). Simultaneous bilingualism and the perception of a language-specific vowel contrast in the first year of life. Language and Speech 46(2/3), 217–43.
Cattani, A., Abbot-Smith, K., Farag, R., Krott, A., Arreckx, F., Dennis, I. & Floccia, C. (in press). How much exposure to English is necessary for a bilingual toddler to perform like a monolingual peer in language tests? International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders.
Fennell, C. T., Byers-Heinlein, K. & Werker, J. F. (2007). Using speech sounds to guide word learning: the case of bilingual infants. Child Development 78(5), 1510–25.
Floccia, C., Delle Luche, C., Durrant, S., Butler, J. & Goslin, J. (2012). Parent or community: Where do 20-month-olds exposed to two accents acquire their representation of words? Cognition 124, 95100.
Hamilton, A., Plunkett, K. & Schafer, G. (2000). Infant vocabulary development assessed with a British Communicative Development Inventory. Journal of Child Language 27(3), 689705.
Hughes, A. & Trudgill, P. (1996). English accents and dialects: an introduction to social and regional varieties of English in the British Isles (3rd ed.). London: Arnold.
Mani, N. & Plunkett, K. (2007). Fourteen-month-olds pay attention to vowels in novel words. Developmental Science 11(1), 53–9.
Mani, N. & Plunkett, K. (2010). Twelve-month-olds know their cups from their keps and tups. Infancy 15(5), 445–70.
Meints, K. & Woodford, A. (2008). Lincoln Infant Lab Package 2008: a new programme package for IPL, preferential listening, habituation and eyetracking [www document: Computer software & manual]. Online: <http://www.lincoln.ac.uk/psychology/babylab.htm>.
Pearson, B. Z., Fernández, S. C., Lewedeg, V. & Oller, D. K. (1997). The relation of input factors to lexical learning by bilingual infants. Applied Psycholinguistics 18, 4158.
Pearson, B. Z., Fernández, S. C. & Oller, D. K. (1993). Lexical development in bilingual infants and toddlers: comparison to monolingual norms. Language Learning 43(1), 93120.
Poulin-Dubois, D., Bialystok, E., Blaye, A., Polonia, A. & Yott, J. (2013). Lexical access and vocabulary development in very young bilinguals. International Journal of Bilingualism 17(1), 5770.
Ramon-Casas, M. & Bosch, L. (2010). Are non-cognate words phonologically better specified than cognates in the early lexicon of bilingual children? In Ortega-Llebaria, M. (ed.), Selected proceedings of the 4th Conference on Laboratory Approaches to Spanish Phonology, 31–6. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla.
Ramon-Casas, M., Swingley, D., Sebastián-Gallés, N. & Bosch, L. (2009). Vowel categorization during word recognition in bilingual toddlers. Cognitive Psychology 59(1), 96121.
Rost, G. C. & McMurray, B. (2009). Speaker variability augments phonological processing in early word learning. Developmental Science 12(2), 339–49.
Rost, G. C. & McMurray, B. (2010). Finding the signal by adding noise: the role of noncontrastive phonetic variability in early word learning. Infancy 15(6), 608–35.
Schmale, R., Cristia, A., Seidl, A. & Johnson, E. K. (2010). Developmental changes in infants' ability to cope with dialect variation in word recognition. Infancy 15(6), 650–62.
Schmale, R., Hollich, G. & Seidl, A. (2011). Contending with foreign accent in early word learning. Journal of Child Language 38(05), 1096–108.
Shrout, P. E. & Fleiss, J. L. (1979). Intraclass correlations: uses in assessing rater reliability. Psychological Bulletin 86(2), 420–28.
Swingley, D. & Aslin, R. N. (2000). Spoken word recognition and lexical representation in very young children. Cognition 76(2), 147–66.
Trudgill, P. (1999). The dialects of England (2nd ed.). Oxford: Blackwell.
Weinberger, S. H. (2003). Speech accent archive. George Mason University. Online: <http://accent.gmu.edu>.
Werker, J. F., Cohen, L. B., Lloyd, V. L., Casasola, M. & Stager, C. L. (1998). Acquisition of word−object associations by 14-month-old infants. Developmental Psychology 34, 1289–309.
White, K. S. & Aslin, R. N. (2011). Adaptation to novel accents by toddlers. Developmental Science 14(2), 372–84.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Child Language
  • ISSN: 0305-0009
  • EISSN: 1469-7602
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-child-language
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed