Hostname: page-component-8448b6f56d-dnltx Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-04-18T17:17:55.699Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Effect of feeding ensiled mixture of pomegranate pulp and drier feeds on digestibility and milk performance in dairy cows

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  16 November 2015

Yoav Shaani
Affiliation:
Department of Ruminant Science, Agricultural Research Organization, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel Department of Animal Sciences, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food, and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Dana Eliyahu
Affiliation:
Department of Ruminant Science, Agricultural Research Organization, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel Department of Animal Sciences, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food, and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel ‘Ambar’ Feed Mill, Granot, Israel
Itzhak Mizrahi
Affiliation:
Department of Ruminant Science, Agricultural Research Organization, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Edith Yosef
Affiliation:
Department of Ruminant Science, Agricultural Research Organization, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Yehoshav Ben-Meir
Affiliation:
Department of Ruminant Science, Agricultural Research Organization, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Moshe Nikbachat
Affiliation:
Department of Ruminant Science, Agricultural Research Organization, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Ran Solomon
Affiliation:
‘Ambar’ Feed Mill, Granot, Israel
Sameer Jermaya Mabjeesh
Affiliation:
Department of Animal Sciences, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food, and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Joshua Miron*
Affiliation:
Department of Ruminant Science, Agricultural Research Organization, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
*
*For correspondence; e-mail: jmiron@agri.gov.il

Abstract

Based on a previous ensiling study in glass silos of various pomegranate pulp (PP) mixtures, fresh pomegranate pulp (PP) was mixed with drier feeds including soy hulls and corn silage (40:35:25 on DM basis) and ensiled in 32 pressed bales (700 kg each) wrapped with stretch polyethylene film. This ensiled pomegranate pulp mixture (PPM) was included in lactating cow total mixed ration (TMR) at a level of 20% of DM (PPM-TMR). Performance and digestion experiment was conducted with two groups of 21 milking cows each, fed individually one of the two TMR: 1. Control TMR without ensiled PPM; 2. Experimental TMR which contained 20% ensiled PPM, including 8% PP as corn grain replacer. Voluntary DM intake of cows fed the control TMR was 5·04% higher than that of the PPM cows. In vivo digestibility of DM, OM, NDF, CP and fat were significantly higher in the control cows compared with the PPM group, but methane production in the rumen fluid was 25% lower in the PPM cows. A slightly higher milk yield (by 2·2%) observed in the control cows; however, milk fat content was 5·9% higher in the PPM cows. This was reflected in similar yield of energy corrected milk (ECM) and 3·97% increase in production efficiency (ECM/DM intake) of the PPM cows compared with the control ones. Welfare of the cows, as assessed by length of daily recumbence time, was in the normal range for both groups. Body weight gain was also similar in both groups. Data suggest that the level of 8% PP in the PPM-TMR used in this study was probably too high for lactating cows and should be lowered to 4% in order to achieve better performance.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Proprietors of Journal of Dairy Research 2015 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Adin, G, Solomon, R, Nikbachat, M, Zenou, A, Yosef, E, Brosh, A, Shabtay, A, Mabjeesh, SJ, Halachmi, I & Miron, J 2009 Effect of feeding cows in early lactation with diets differing in roughage neutral detergent fiber content on intake behavior, rumination, and milk production. Journal of Dairy Science 92 33643373CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Aerts, RJ, Barry, TN & McNabb, WC 1999 Polyphenols and agriculture: beneficial effects of proanthocyanidins in forages. Agriculture and Ecosystemic Environment 75 112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
AOAC (Association of Official Analytical Chemists) 1980 Official Methods of Analysis, Vol. 1. 60th edition.Arlington, VA: AOACGoogle Scholar
Aviram, M, Volkova, N, Coleman, R, Dreher, M, Reddy, MK, Ferreira, D & Rosenblat, M 2008 Pomegranate phenolics from the peels, arils, and flowers are antiatherogenic: studies in vivo in atherosclerotic apolipoprotein E-deficient (E0) mice and in vitro in cultured macrophages and lipoproteins. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 56 11481157CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Broderick, GA, Wallace, RJ & Ørskov, ER 1991 Control of rate and extent of protein degradation. In Physiological Aspects of Digestion and Metabolism in Ruminants, pp. 541592 (Eds Tsuda, T, Sasaki, Y, Kawashima, R). Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium of Ruminant Physiology, San Diego, CA, USA: Academic Press IncCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dubois, M, Gilles, KA, Hamilton, JK, Rebes, PA & Smith, F 1956 Colorimetric method for determination of sugars and related substances. Analytical Chemstry 28 350356CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Drissler, M, Gaworski, M, Tucker, CB & Weary, DM 2005 Free stall maintenance: effects on lying behavior of dairy cattle. Journal of Dairy Science 88 23812387CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eliyahu, D, Shaani, Y, Yosef, E, Ben-Meir, Y, Nikbachat, M, Solomon, R, Mabjeesh, SJ, Weinberg, ZG & Miron, J 2015a Effect of ensiling pomegranate pulp with solid additives on chemical composition, intake and digestibility by sheep. Small Ruminant Research 131–132 In pressGoogle Scholar
Eliyahu, D, Yosef, E, Weinberg, ZG, Hen, Y, Nikbachat, M, Solomon, R, Mabjeesh, SJ & Miron, J 2015b Composition, preservation and digestibility by sheep of wet byproducts from the food industry. Animal Feed Science and Technology 207 19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Harinder, P, Makkar, P & Vercoe, P 2007 Measuring Methane Production from Ruminants, p. 152. Springer Science & Business Media. Retrieved from https://books.google.com/books?id=8WcliN_ETlMC&pgis=1Google Scholar
Jami, E, Shabtay, A, Miron, J & Mizrachi, I 2012 Effects of adding a concentrated pomegranate-residue extract to the ration of lactating cows on in vivo digestibility and profile of rumen bacterial population. Journal of Dairy Science 95 59966005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kanner, J, Frankel, E, Granit, R, German, B & Kinsella, J 1994 Natural antioxidants in grapes and wines. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 42 6469CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lammers, B, Buckmaster, D & Heinrichs, A 1996 A simple method for the analysis of particle sizes of forage and total mixed rations. Journal of Dairy Science 79 922928CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Makkar, HPS 2003 Effects and fate of tannins in ruminant animals, adaptation to tannins, and strategies to overcome detrimental effects of feeding tannin-rich feeds. Small Ruminant Research 49 241256CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Miron, J, Yosef, E, Maltz, E & Halachmi, I 2003 Soybean hulls as a replacement of forage neutral detergent fiber in total mixed rations of lactating cows. Animal Feed Science and Technology 106 2128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Modarasi, J, Fathi, M, Nasri, H, Rashidi, L, Dayani, O & Kebreab, E 2011 Short communication: effects of supplementation with pomegranate seed pulp on concentrations of conjugated linoleic acid and punigic acid in goat milk. Journal of Dairy Science 94 40754080CrossRefGoogle Scholar
NRC 2001 Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle, 7th edition.Washington, DC: Natl. Acad. Sci.Google Scholar
Reed, JD 1995 Nutritional toxicology of tannins and related polyphenols in forage legumes. Journal of Animal Science 73 15161528CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
SAS Institute 1996 SAS/STAT Software Changes and Enhancements. Cary, NC: SAS Institute Inc.Google Scholar
Shabtay, A, Eitam, H, Tadmor, Y, Orlov, A, Meir, A, Weinberg, P, Weinberg, ZG, Chen, Y, Brosh, A, Izhaki, I & Kerem, Z 2008 Nutritive and antioxidative potential of fresh and stored pomegranate industrial byproduct as a novel beef cattle feed. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 56 1006310070CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Shabtay, A, Nikbachat, M, Zenou, A, Yosef, E, Arkin, O, Sneer, O, Shwimmer, A, Yaari, A, Budman, E, Agmon, G & Miron, J 2012 Effects of adding a concentrated pomegranate extract to the ration of lactating cows on performance and udder health parameters. Animal Feed Science and Technology 175 2432CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tilley, JMA & Terry, RA 1963 A two-stage technique for the in vitro digestion of forage crops. British Grassland Society 18 104111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Van Leeuwen, P, Jansman, AJ, Wiebenga, J, Koninkx, JF & Mouwen, JM 1995 Dietary effects of faba-bean (Vicia faba L.) tannins on the morphology and function of the small-intestinal mucosa of weaned pigs. British Journal of Nutrition 73 3139Google ScholarPubMed
Van Soest, PJ, Robertson, JB & Lewis, BA 1991 Methods for dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber and non-starch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. Journal of Dairy Science 74 35833597CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Weinberg, ZG, Chen, Y, Miron, D, Raviv, Y, Nahim, E, Bloch, A, Yosef, E, Nikbahat, M & Miron, J 2011 Preservation of total mixed rations for dairy cows in bales wrapped with polyethylene stretch film – A commercial scale experiment. Animal Feed Science and Technology 164 125129CrossRefGoogle Scholar