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Cavitation and separated flow in a simple homogenizing valve and their influence on the break-up of fat globules in milk

  • L. W. Phipps (a1)

Flow separation and cavitation effects in a simple homogenizing valve have been studied visually and recorded photographically. The degree of separation depended upon the profile of the seating inlet boundary, the pressure loading and several other interdependent factors. Cavitation did not occur independently of separation; conditions would be suitable for microscale cavitation to occur within the separated flow itself, but this was not discerned with certainty. The suppression of separation and any cavitation, assessed visually, did not influence the homogenizing characteristics of the valve. It was concluded that hydrodynamic forces of cavitation are not responsible for fat globule disintegration in drop-and-lift or poppet types of high-pressure homogenizing valve.

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J. D. S. Goulden (1961). British Journal of Applied Physics 12, 456.

C. C. Loo & W. M. Carleton (1953). Journal of Dairy Science 36, 64.

C. C. Loo , W. L. Slatter & R. W. Powell (1950). Journal of Dairy Science 33, 692.

A. A. McKillop , W. L. Dunkley , R. L. Brockmeyer & R. L. Perry (1955). Journal of Dairy Science 38, 273.

L. W. Phipps (1971). Nature 233, 617.

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Journal of Dairy Research
  • ISSN: 0022-0299
  • EISSN: 1469-7629
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-dairy-research
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