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Volatile compounds in butter oil: II. Flavour and flavour thresholds of lactones, fatty acids, phenols, indole and skatole in deodorized synthetic butter

  • Gerda Urbach (a1), W. Stark (a1) and D. A. Forss (a1)
Summary

The flavours of the following compounds were determined in synthetic butter prepared from 84% steam-deodorized butter oil and 16% water: C6, 8, 10, 12, 14 δ-lactones, C12 γ-lactone, C2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14n-alkanoic acids, phenol, m- and p-cresols, o-methoxyphenol, indole and skatole. C6, 8, 10 δ-lactones, C2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14n-alkanoic acids, phenol, m- and p-cresols, o-methoxyphenol and volatile fractions from butter oil were also evaluated in bland butter. None of the compounds listed constitute basic butter flavour on their own, but C8, 10 δ-lactones, C10 acid, phenol, p-cresol, indole and skatole contribute to butter flavour.

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Journal of Dairy Research
  • ISSN: 0022-0299
  • EISSN: 1469-7629
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-dairy-research
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