Countdown is the name of a game in which one is given a list of source numbers and a target number, with the aim of building an arithmetic expression out of the source numbers to get as close to the target as possible. Starting with a relational specification we derive a number of functional programs for solving Countdown. These programs are obtained by exploiting the properties of the folds and unfolds of various data types, a style of programming Gibbons has aptly called origami programming. Countdown is attractive as a case study in origami programming both as an illustration of how different algorithms can emerge from a single specification, as well as the space and time trade-offs that have to be taken into account in comparing functional programs.
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