Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Decadal changes in glacier parameters in the Cordillera Blanca, Peru, derived from remote sensing

  • Adina E. Racoviteanu (a1) (a2) (a3), Yves Arnaud (a4), Mark W. Williams (a1) (a2) and Julio Ordoñez (a5)
Abstract

We present spatial patterns of glacier fluctuations from the Cordillera Blanca, Peru, (glacier area, terminus elevations, median elevations and hypsography) at decadal timescales derived from 1970 aerial photography, 2003 SPOT5 satellite data, Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and statistical analyses. We derived new glacier outlines from the 2003 SPOT images, and ingested them in the Global Land and Ice Measurements from Space (GLIMS) glacier database. We examined changes in glacier area on the eastern and western side of the Cordillera in relation to topographic and climate variables (temperature and precipitation). Results include (1) an estimated glacierized area of 569.6 ± 21 km2 in 2003, (2) an overall loss in glacierized area of 22.4% from 1970 to 2003, (3) an average rise in glacier terminus elevations by 113 m and an average rise in the median elevation of glaciers by 66 m, showing a shift of ice to higher elevations, especially on the eastern side of the Cordillera, and (4) an increase in the number of glaciers, which indicates disintegration of ice bodies. Annual air temperature showed a significant upward trend in the last 30 years, with larger temperature increases at lower elevations. There was a slight but not significant decrease in precipitation. Our results are consistent with glacier retreat and warming trends noted in the last three decades in the tropics.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Decadal changes in glacier parameters in the Cordillera Blanca, Peru, derived from remote sensing
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Decadal changes in glacier parameters in the Cordillera Blanca, Peru, derived from remote sensing
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Decadal changes in glacier parameters in the Cordillera Blanca, Peru, derived from remote sensing
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
References
Hide All
Aizen, V.B., Kuzmichenok, V.A., Surazakov, A.B. and Aizen, E.M.. 2007. Glacier changes in the Tien Shan as determined from topographic and remotely sensed data. Global Planet. Change, 56(3–4), 328340.
Ames, A. and Hastenrath, S.. 1996. Mass balance and flow of the Uruashraju glacier, Cordillera Blanca, Perú. Z. Gletscherkd. Glazialgeol., 32, 8389.
Ames, A. and 6 others. 1989. Glacier inventory of Perú, Part 1. Huaraz, Peru, Hidrandina S.A.
Aniya, M., Sato, H., Naruse, R., Skvarca, P. and Casassa, G.. 1996. The use of satellite and airborne imagery to inventory outlet glaciers of the Southern Patagonia Icefield, South America. Photogramm. Eng. Remote Sens., 62(12), 13611369.
Atkinson, P.M. 2004. Resolution manipulation and sub-pixel mapping. In Van der Meer, F.D., ed. Remote sensing data analysis: including the spatial domain. Dordrecht, etc., Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Atkinson, P.M. and Foody, G.M.. 2002. Uncertainty in remote sensing and GIS: fundamentals. In Atkinson, P.M., ed. Uncertainty in remote sensing and GIS. Chichester, etc., Wiley and Sons.
Berthier, E., Arnaud, Y., Vincent, C. and Rémy, F.. 2006. Biases of SRTM in high-mountain areas: implications for the monitoring of glacier volume changes. Geophys. Res. Lett., 33(8), L08502. (10.1029/2006GL025862.)
Berthier, E., Arnaud, Y., Kumar, R., Ahmad, S., Wagnon, P. and Chevallier, P.. 2007. Remote sensing estimates of glacier mass balances in the Himachal Pradesh (Western Himalaya, India). Remote Sens. Environ., 108(3), 327338.
Bolch, T. 2007. Climate change and glacier retreat in northern Tien Shan (Kazahkstan/Kyrgyzstan) using remote sensing data. Global Planet. Change, 56(1–2), 112.
Burrough, P.A. and McDonnell, R.A.. 1998. Principles of Geographical Information Systems. Second edition. Oxford, etc., Oxford University Press.
Carrasco, J.F., Casassa, G. and Quintana, J.. 2005. Changes of the 0°C isotherm and the equilibrium line altitude in central Chile during the last quarter of the 20th century. Hydrol. Sci. J., 50(6), 933948.
Congalton, R.G. 1991. A review of assessing the accuracy of classifications of remotely sensed data. Remote Sens. Environ., 37(1), 3546.
Del Río, S., Fraile, R., Herrero, L. and Penas, A.. 2007. Analysis of recent trends in mean maximum and minimum temperatures in a region of the NW of Spain (Castilla y León). Theor. Appl. Climatol., 90(1), 112.
Dozier, J. 1984. Snow reflectance from Landsat-4 Thematic Mapper. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 22(3), 323328.
Dungan, J.L. 2002. Toward a comprehensive view of uncertainty in remote sensing analysis. In Atkinson, P.M., ed. Uncertainty in remote sensing and GIS. Chichester, etc., Wiley and Sons.
Foody, G.M. 2004. Sub-pixel methods in remote sensing. In Van der Meer, F.D., ed. Remote sensing data analysis: including the spatial domain. Dordrecht, etc., Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Francou, B., Ramírez, E., Cáceres, B. and Mendoza, J.. 2000. Glacier evolution in the Tropical Andes during the last decades of the 20th century: Chacaltaya, Bolivia and Antizana, Ecuador. Ambio, 29(7), 416422.
Francou, B., Vuille, M., Favier, V. and Cáceres, B.. 2004. New evidence for an ENSO impact on low-latitude glaciers: Antizana 15, Andes of Ecuador, 0°28′S. J. Geophys. Res., 109(D18), D18106. (10.1029/2003JD004484.)
Georges, C. 2004. 20th century glacier fluctuations in the tropical Cordillera Blanca, Peru. Arct. Antarct. Alp. Res., 36(1), 100107.
Hall, D.K., Riggs, G.A. and Salomonson, V.V.. 1995. Development of methods for mapping global snow cover using Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data. Remote Sens. Environ., 54(2), 127140.
Hastenrath, S. and Ames, A.. 1995. Recession of Yanamarey Glacier in Cordillera Blanca, Peru, during the 20th century. J. Glaciol., 41(137), 191196.
Hoffman, M.J., Fountain, A.G. and Achuff, J.M.. 2007. Twentieth-century variations in area of cirque glaciers and glacierets, Rocky Mountain National Park, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, USA. Ann. Glaciol., 46, 349354.
Johnson, A.M. 1976. The climate of Peru, Bolivia and Ecuador. In Schwerdtfeger, W., ed. World survey of climatology. Amsterdam, etc., Elsevier, 147218.
Kääb, A., Paul, F., Maisch, M., Hoelzle, M. and Haeberli, W.. 2002. The new remote-sensing-derived Swiss glacier inventory: II. First results. Ann. Glaciol., 34, 362366.
Kääb, A. and 6 others. 2003. Glacier monitoring from ASTER imagery: accuracy and application. EARSeL eProc., 2(1), 4353.
Kargel, J.S. and 16 others. 2005. Multispectral imaging contributions to global land ice measurements from space. Remote Sens. Environ., 99(1–2), 187219.
Kaser, G. 1999. A review of the modern fluctuations of tropical glaciers. Global Planet. Change, 22(1–4), 93103.
Kaser, G. and Georges, C.. 1997. Changes of the equilibrium-line altitude in the tropical Cordillera Blanca, Peru, 1930–50, and their spatial variations. Ann. Glaciol., 24, 344349.
Kaser, G. and Georges, C.. 1999. On the mass balance of low latitude glaciers with particular consideration of the Peruvian Cordillera Blanca. Geogr. Ann., 81A(4), 643651.
Kaser, G. and Osmaston, H.. 2002. Tropical glaciers. Cambridge, etc., Cambridge University Press.
Kaser, G., Ames, A. and Zamora, M.. 1990. Glacier fluctuations and climate in the Cordillera Blanca, Peru. Ann. Glaciol., 14, 136140.
Kaser, G., Georges, C. and Ames, A.. 1996. Modern glacier fluctuations in the Huascarán–Chopicalqui Massif of the Cordillera Blanca, Perú. Z. Gletscherkd. Glazialgeol., 32, 9199.
Kaser, G., Juen, I., Georges, C., Gomez, J. and Tamayo, W.. 2003. The impact of glaciers on the runoff and the reconstruction of mass balance history from hydrological data in the tropical Cordillera Blanca, Peru. J. Hydrol., 282(1–4), 130144.
Khalsa, S.J.S., Dyurgerov, M.B., Khromova, T., Raup, B.H. and Barry, R.. 2004. Space-based mapping of glacier changes using ASTER and GIS tools: learning from Earth’s shapes and colors. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 42(10), 21772183.
Khromova, T.E., Dyurgerov, M.B. and Barry, R.G.. 2003. Late-twentieth century changes in glacier extent in the Ak-shirak Range, Central Asia, determined from historical data and ASTER imagery. Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(16), 1863. (10.1029/2003GL017233.)
Khromova, T.E., Osipova, G.B., Tsvetkov, D.G., Dyurgerov, M.B. and Barry, R.G.. 2006. Changes in glacier extent in the eastern Pamir, Central Asia, determined from historical data and ASTER imagery. Remote Sens. Environ., 102(1–2), 2432.
Kulkarni, A.V. and Bahuguna, I.M.. 2002. Correspondence. Glacial retreat in the Baspa basin, Himalaya, monitored with satellite stereo data. J. Glaciol., 48(160), 171172.
Kulkarni, A.V., Rathore, B.P., Mahajan, S. and Mathur, P.. 2005. Alarming retreat of Parbati glacier, Beas basin, Himachal Pradesh. Current Sci., 88(11), 18441850.
Kulkarni, A.V. and 6 others. 2007. Glacial retreat in Himalaya using Indian remote sensing satellite data. Current Sci., 92(1), 6974.
Liu, X. and Chen, B.. 2000. Climatic warming in the Tibetan Plateau during recent decades. Int. J. Climatol., 20(14), 17291742.
Manley, W.F. In press. Geospatial inventory and analysis of glaciers: a case study for the eastern Alaska Range. In Williams, R.S. Jr and Ferrigno, J.G., eds. Satellite image atlas of glaciers of the world. US Geol. Surv. Prof. Pap. 1386-K.
Manslow, J.F. and Nixon, M.S.. 2002. On the ambiguity introduced by a remote sensor’s PSF. In Atkinson, P.M., ed. Uncertainty in remote sensing and GIS. Chichester, etc., Wiley and Sons.
Mark, B.G. and Seltzer, G.O.. 2005. Evaluation of recent glacier recession in the Cordillera Blanca, Peru (AD 1962–1999): spatial distribution of mass loss and climatic forcing. Quat. Sci. Rev., 24(20–21), 22652280.
Morales-Arnao, B. 1999. Glaciers of Peru. In Williams, R.S. Jr and Ferrigno, J.G., eds. Satellite image atlas of glaciers of the world. US Geol. Surv. Prof. Pap. 1386-I, 151179.
Moser, G., Georges, C. and Schimmer, H.. 2000. Die neue Alpenvereinskarte Cordillera Blanca 1:100000. In Östereichischer Alpenverein, ed. Alpensvereinsjahrbuch 2001. Innsbruck, Östereichischer Alpenverein, 4853.
Nakawo, M. and Rana, B.. 1999. Estimate of ablation rate of glacier ice under a supraglacial debris layer. Geogr. Ann., 81A(4), 695701.
Paul, F., Kääb, A., Maisch, M., Kellenberger, T. and Haeberli, W.. 2002. The new remote-sensing-derived Swiss glacier inventory. I. Methods. Ann. Glaciol., 34, 355361.
Paul, F., Kääb, A., Maisch, M., Kellenberger, T. and Haeberli, W.. 2004. Rapid disintegration of Alpine glaciers observed with satellite data. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31(21), L21402. (10.1029/2004GL020816.)
Perkal, J. 1966. On the length of empirical curves. In Nystuen, J., ed. Discussion paper 10, Michigan Inter-University Community of Mathematical Geographers. Ann Arbor, MI, University of Michigan, 130142.
Rabatel, A., Dedieu, J.-P. and Vincent, C.. 2005. Using remote-sensing data to determine equilibrium-line altitude and mass-balance time series: validation on three French glaciers, 1994–2002. J. Glaciol., 51(175), 539546.
Racoviteanu, A., Manley, W.F., Arnaud, Y. and Williams, M.. 2007. Evaluating digital elevation models for glaciological applications: an example from Nevado Coropuna, Peruvian Andes. Global Planet. Change, 59(1–4), 110125.
Regonda, S.K., Rajagopalan, B., Clark, M. and Pitlick, J.. 2005. Seasonal cycle shifts in hydroclimatology over the western United States. J. Climate, 18(2), 372384.
Silverio, W. and Jaquet, J.M.. 2005. Glacial cover mapping (1987–1996) of the Cordillera Blanca (Peru) using satellite imagery. Remote Sens. Environ., 95(3), 342350.
Surazakov, A.B. and Aizen, V.B.. 2006. Estimating volume change of mountain glaciers using SRTM and map-based topographic data. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 44(10), 29912995.
Thompson, L.G. and 8 others.2006. Abrupt tropical climate change: past and present. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA (PNAS), 103(28), 10,53610,543.
Toutin, T., Chénier, R. and Carbonneau, Y.. 2002. 3D models for high resolution images: examples with Quickbird, IKONOS and EROS. Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens., 34(4), 547551.
Vuille, M. and Bradley, R.S.. 2000. Mean annual temperature trends and their vertical structure in the tropical Andes. Geophys. Res. Lett., 27(23), 38853888.
Vuille, M., Bradley, R.S., Werner, M. and Keimig, F.. 2003. 20th Century climate change in the tropical Andes: observations and model results. Climatic Change, 59(1–2), 7599.
Vuille, M., Kaser, G. and Juen, I.. 2007. Glacier mass balance variability in Cordillera Blanca, Peru and its relationship with climate and large-scale circulation. Global Planet. Change, 62(1–2), 1428.
Wagnon, P., Ribstein, P., Kaser, G. and Berton, P.. 1999. Energy balance and runoff seasonality of a Bolivian glacier. Global Planet. Change, 22(1–4), 4958.
Wagnon, P., Ribstein, P., Francou, B. and Sicart, J.E.. 2001. Anomalous heat and mass budget of Glaciar Zongo, Bolivia, during the 1997/98 El Niño year. J. Glaciol., 47(156), 2128.
Zhang, J. and Goodchild, M.F.. 2002. Uncertainty in geographical information. London, Taylor & Francis.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Glaciology
  • ISSN: 0022-1430
  • EISSN: 1727-5652
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-glaciology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 30
Total number of PDF views: 220 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 311 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 8th September 2017 - 22nd August 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.