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On the Formation of Snow Penitentes

  • G. C. Amstutz (a1)
Abstract

An attempt is made to throw some light on the physical processes in the development of penitentes as a result of new observations in Peru and a study of the literature. This paper offers a variety of approaches to the problem rather than any final view or theory, and is therefore mostly suggestive and intended to be a program for further, more detailed research.

Zusammenfassung

Anhand von neuen Beobachtungen von den Hochanden in Peru und auf Grund von Literaturstudien wird versucht neues Licht auf die physikalischen Einzelheiten der Bildung von Büisserschnee zu werfen. Es werden verschiedene Wege vorgezeichnet und neue Lösungsmethoden vorgeschlagen.

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Copyright
References
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1. Eitel, W. Thermal emissivity of refractories and its importance for glass furnace operation. Glass Industry, Vol. 36, 1955, p. 193-97, 228.
2. Lliboutry, L. The origin of penitents. Journal of Glaciology, Vol. 2, No. 15, 1954, p. 331-38.
3. Lliboutry, L. La structure des penitents de neige. Union Géodésique et Geophysique Internationale. Association Internationale d’Hydrologie Scientifique, Assemblée Générale de Rome, 1954, Tom. 4, [1956], p. 117-22.
4. Troll, C. Büsserschnee in den Hochgebirgen der Erde. Petermanns Geographische Mitteilungen. Ergänzungsheft 240, 1942, 103 p. particularly p. 64-70.
5. Lliboutry, L. op. cit., 1954, p.331.
6. Amstutz, G. C.Granitisation” und Erzlagerstätten. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie. Monatshefte, Vol. 1, 1957, p. 1-12.
7. Amstutz, G. C. The theory of spheroidal weathering and exfoliation. [In press, 1958.]
8. Lliboutry, L. op. cit., 1954, p. 336.
9. Bagnold, R. A. The physics of blown sand and desert dunes. London, Methuen, 1941. p. 144-66.
10. Bagnold, R. A. Op. Cit. p. 221.
11. Work, R. A., and others. Discussion of “Report of the Committee on Snow, 1954-55”. Transactions. American Geophysical Union, Vol. 38, No. 1, 1957, p. 114-15.
12. Richardson, W. E. Harper, R. D. M. Ablation polygons on snow—further observations and theories. Journal of Glaciology, Vol. 3, No. 21, 1957, p. 25-27.
13. Lliboutry, L. op. cit. [1956], p. 121.
14. Lliboutry, L. op. cit. [1956], p. 122.
15. Rankama, K. Isotope Sgeology. New York, 1954. p. 155-244.
16. Mantis, H. T. (ed.) Review of the properties of snow and ice. S[now] I[ce and] P[ermafrost] R[esearch] E[stablishment] Report 4, 1951 p. 60-72.
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Journal of Glaciology
  • ISSN: 0022-1430
  • EISSN: 1727-5652
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-glaciology
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