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Glaciological Literature

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  30 January 2017

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Copyright © International Glaciological Society 1966

This is a selected list of glaciological literature on the scientific study of snow and ice and of their effects on the earth; for the literature on polar expeditions, and also on the “applied” aspects of glaciology, such as snow ploughs, readers should consult the bibliographies in each ‘‘issue of the Polar Record. For Russian material the system of transliteration used is that agreed by the U.S. Board on Geographic Names and the Permanent Committee on Geographical Names for British Official Use in 1947. Readers can greatly assist by sending reprints of their publications to the Society, or by informing Dr. J. W. Glen of publications of glaciological interest. It should be noted that the Society does not necessarily hold copies of the items in this list, and also that the Society does not possess facilities for microfilming or photocopying.


General glaciology

Hatherton, T., ed. Antarctica. London, Methuen; New York, Frederick A. Praeger, 1965. xvi, 511 p. [Contents include: J. A. Heap, “Antarctic pack ice”, p. 187–96; C. W. M. Swithinbank and J. H. Zumberge, “The ice shelves”, p. 199–220; A. J. Gow, “The ice sheet”, p. 221–58; C. R. Bentley, “The land beneath the ice”, p. 259–77; R. H. Clark, “The oases in the ice”, p. 325–30; M. J. Rubin and W. S. Weyant, “Antarctic meteorology”, p. 375–401.]Google Scholar
Kosiba, A. On the international glaciological terminology. Acta Geophysica Polonica, Vol. 13, No. 1, 1965, p. 914. [Proposals as to how a glossary should be compiled.]Google Scholar
Lorius, C. Ricou, G. Glaciologie—Terre Adélie 1962. Expéditions Polaires Françaises, Missions Paul-Émile Victor, Publication No. 271, [1965], 37 p. [Description of glaciological laboratory at base Dumont d’Urville; measurements made of gas occlusions in ice, snow accumulation and deuterium content of sea water.]Google Scholar
Spano, A. F. Results of an airborne albedo program in Antarctica, 1963. Monthly Weather Review, Vol. 93, No. 11, 1965, p. 697703.Google Scholar

Glaciological instruments and methods

Ambach, W., and others. Ein Gerät zur Bestimmung des freien Wassergehaltes in der Schneedecke durch dielektrische Messung, von W. Ambach, W. Bitterlich, und F. Howorka. Acta Physica Austriaca, Bd. 20, Ht. 1–4, 1965, p. 24752. [Apparatus for estimation of free water content in snow cover through dielectric measurement.]Google Scholar
Arnborg, L., and others. The ice gauge. An instrument for measuring vertical movement of ice surfaces, by L. Arnborg, J. Peippo and R. Larsson. Geograjiska Annaler, Vol. 47A, No. 4, 1965, p. 23739. [Self-recording instrument to synchronize the movements of the ice with the water-surface fluctuations.]Google Scholar
Bindon, H. H. The design of snow samplers for Canadian snow surveys. Proceedings of the Eastern Snow Conference, 21st annual meeting, 1964, p. 2338. [Tests with standard samplers, and adaptations for use under Canadian conditions.]Google Scholar
Bogorodskiy, V. V. Modern physical methods of measuring the thickness of sea ice. Translated by E. R. Hope. Ottawa, Directorate of Scientific Information Services, 1964. to p. (Canada. Defence Research Board. Translation T410R.) [Translated from Okeanologiya, Tom 3, Vyp. 4, 1963, p. 720–30. Various close-contact and remote methods reviewed. Electromagnetic remote methods seem to be most promising.]Google Scholar
Evans, S. Robin, G. de Q. Glacier depth-sounding from the air. Nature, Vol. 210, No. 5039, 1966, p. 88385. [Results of surveys on various glaciers and discussion of advantages for surveys on ice sheets and inaccessible regions.]Google Scholar
Freeman, T. G. Snow survey samplers and their accuracy. Proceedings of the Eastern Snow Conference, 22nd annual meeting, 1965, p. 110. [Comparative tests on 7 samples.]Google Scholar
Hashimoto, T. Maniwa, Y. Keppyōko ni okeru hyōjō yori no suishin-sokuryō to wakasagi tanchi no jikken (2) . Gyosen Kenkyñ Gihñ , Vol. 18, No. 2, 1963, p. 15. [Better results obtained using low frequency ultrasonic waves than with mm. waves. English summary.]Google Scholar
Hofmann, W. Tellurometermessungen im Rahmen der glaziologischen Antarktisforschung. Allgemeine Vermessungsnachrichten, Bd. 71, Ht. 3, 1964, p. 8286. [Surveying technique used on Ross Ice Shelf Survey.]Google Scholar
Kudō, H., and others. Sekisetsu teremeta Sochi , [by] H. Kudō S. Umeda [and] M. Hagimoto. Fujitsu (Fuji Tsūshinki Seizō Kabushiki Kaisha , Vol. 15, No. 1, 1964, p. 3342. [Japanese system for recording snowfall. English abstract.]Google Scholar
Landon-Smith, I. H. Woodberry, B. The photoelectric metering of wind-blown snow. ANARE Interim Reports, Series A (IV), Publication No. 79, 1965, p. 118. [Design and calibration of instrument.]Google Scholar
Lugiez, F., and others. Recherche d’améliorations sur le nivomètre à absorption de rayonnement γ, [par] F. Lugiez P. Guillot M. Jacob et Vuillot. Association Internationale d’Hydrologie Scientifique. Assemblée générale de Berkeley de 1’UGGI, 19–8—31–8 1963. Erosion continentale, précipitations, hydrométrie, humidité du sol, 1964, p. 41722. [Studies of a field version of the radioactive snow-gauge.]Google Scholar
Nyberg, A. A study of the evaporation and the condensation at a snow surface. Arkiv for Geofysik, Bd. 4, Nr. 30, 1965, p. 57790. [Instrument designed to measure with great accuracy the evaporation from a snow surface.]Google Scholar
Østrem, G. Stanley, A. Glacier mass balance measurements: a manual for field work. Ottawa, Department of Mines and Technical Surveys, 1966. [vii], 81 p. +15 forms. [Describes field procedures being used in Canada during International Hydrological Decade.]Google Scholar
Wishart, E. R. A new photoelectric drift snow gauge. AVARE Interim Reports, Series A (IV), Publication No. 79, 1965, p. 1326. [Design and calibration of instrument.]Google Scholar
Zingg, T. Zur Methodik der Schneemessung am Eidg. Institut für Schnee- und Lawinenforschung. Winterbericht des Eidg. Institutes far Schnee- und Lawinenforschung, Nr. 27, 1964, p. 13038. [Methods of measuring depth, water content, and density of new and total snowfall in Weissfluhjoch area.]Google Scholar

Physics of ice

Alkezweeny, A. J. Hobbs, P. V. The reflection spectrum of ice in the near infrared. Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 71, No. 4, 1966, p. 108386. [Measurement as function of angle from wave-length 25 to 5.]Google Scholar
Barnes, G. T. Phase transitions in water sorbed on ice forming nuclei. Zeitschrift für angewandte Mathematik und Physik, Vol. 14, Fasc. 5, 1963, p. 51018. [Nuclear magnetic resonance used to study state of water molecules on surfaces.]Google Scholar
Barnes, P. Tabor, D. Plastic flow and pressure melting in the deformation of ice I. Nature, Vol. 210, No. 5039, 1966, p. 87882. [Results of indentation tests on ice at various temperatures. Comments, “Implications for glaciology”, by P. Barnes and G. de Q. Robin, p. 882–83.]Google Scholar
Bartlett, J. T. The growth of ice crystals from water vapour. Colloques Internationaux du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, No. 152, 1965, p. 31728. [Discusses the variation with temperature of the habit of ice crystals discussed in terms of stepped growth and rapid change of surface diffusion length with temperature. Discussion, p. 326–28.]Google Scholar
Bartlett, J. T., and others. The growth of ice crystals in an electric field, by J. T. Bartlett, A. P. van den Heuval . Zeitschrift für angewandte Mathematik und Physik, Vol. 14, Fasc. 5, 1963, p. 599610. [Observation of growth of thin ice needles in presence of high electric field.]Google Scholar
Bertie, J. E., and others. Transformations of ice VI and ice VII at atmospheric pressure, [by] J. E. Bertie, L. D. Calvert and E. Whalley. Canadian journal of Chemistry, Vol. 42, No. 6, 1964, p. 137378. [Like ice II, III and V investigated earlier, these high-pressure phases transform first to cubic ice and then to hexagonal ice.]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Block, S., and others. High-pressure single-crystal studies of ice VI, [by] S. Block, C. W. Weir [and] G. J. Piermarini. Science, Vol. 148, No. 3672, 1965, p. 94748. [Method of producing single crystals of ice VI and determination of cell constants.]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dye, J. E. Hobbs, P. V. Effect of carbon dioxide on the shattering of freezing water drops. Nature, Vol. 209, No. 5022, 1966, p. 46466. [Experiments to show effect of carbon dioxide gas.]Google Scholar
Federer, B. Eiskeimfähigkeit von Zinkselenid. Zeitschrift für angewandte Mathematik und Physik, Vol. 14, Fasc. 5, 1963, p. 51822. [Study of factors affecting ice-forming ability of zinc selenide.]Google Scholar
Fletcher, N. H. Some molecular aspects of ice crystal nucleation. Zeitschrift für angewandte Mathematik und Physik, Vol. 14, Fasc. 5, 1963, p. 48796. [Discussion of molecular mechanisms.]Google Scholar
Fukuta, N. Production of ice crystals in air by a pressure-pack method. Journal of Applied Meteorology, Vol. 4, No. 4, 1965, p. 45456. [Spraying a highly volatile liquid into moist air can cool the air sufficiently for condensed water droplets to freeze by homogeneous nucleation.]Google Scholar
Georgii, H.-W. Investigations on the deactivation of inorganic and organic freezing-nuclei. Zeitschrift fair angewandte Mathematik und Physik, Vol. 14, Fasc. 5, 1963, p. 50310.Google Scholar
Glick, R. E. Tewari, K. C. Proton nuclear magnetic relaxation studies on water: the rates of acid- and base-catalyzed proton exchange. Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 44, No. 2, 1966, p. 54647. [Activation energies and rate constants determined for proton exchange between H3O+ and H2O and between H2O and H2O.]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gliki, N. V. Yeliseyev, A. A. O vliyanii peresyshcheniya i temperatury na kinetiku razvitiya nachal’nykh form rosta ledyanogo shara . Kristallografya , Tom 7, No. 5, 1962, p. 80204. [Observations of time delay and growth rate of {1010} and {1011} faces on small ice spheres. English translation in Soviet Physics-Crystallography, Vol. 7, No. 5, 1963, p. 649–50.]Google Scholar
Gosar, P. On the mobility of the H3O+ ion in ice crystals. Nuovo Cimento, Ser. to, Vol. 30, No. 3, 1963, p. 93146. [Theory of the tunnelling of protons along a bond with an H3O+ ion at one end. Deduces mobility and relaxation time.]Google Scholar
Gosar, P. Pintar, M. H3O+ ion energy bands in ice crystals. Physica Status Solidi, Vol. 4, No. 3, 1964, p. 67583. [Theory of the movement of ion states in ice due to proton tunnelling.]Google Scholar
Gross, G. W. The Workman-Reynolds effect and ionic transfer processes at the ice-solution interface. Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 70, No. 10, 1965, p. 229 I-300. [Measurement of electrical and chemical effects on freezing dilute solutions.]Google Scholar
Hochstein, M. Elektrische Widerstandsmessungen auf dem grönländischen Inlandeis. Meddelelser om Gronland, Bd. 177, Nr. 3, 1965, p. 139. [Electrical D.C. resistivity measurements indicate that at depths greater than 300 m. the resistivity of ice is 0025–0085 megohm m.]Google Scholar
Kaiser, G. Magun, S. Schmelzvorgänge in Eiskristallen unter erhöhtem Druck. Zeitschrifl für Kristallographie, Bd. 120, Ht. 6, 1964, p. 45065. [Observation of melting phenomena in ice crystals raised above their melting point by high pressure.]Google Scholar
Kamb, W. B. Structure of ice VI. Science, Vol. 150, No. 3693, 1965, p. 20509. [Report of structure of ice VI and of unit cell and space group of ice V.]CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kobayashi, T. Vapour growth of ice crystal between 40 and 90°C. Journal of the Meteorological Society of japan, Ser. 2, Vol. 43, No. 6, 1965, p. 35967. [Observations of habit of growth at various supersaturations.]Google Scholar
Latham, J. A mechanism of charge transfer in ice. Weather, Vol. 21, No. 3, 1966, p. 7985. [Charge transfer produced by the asymmetric rubbing of ice; influence of ice crystal geometry and impact velocity; and electrification associated with the evaporation of ice.]Google Scholar
McDonald, J. E. A thermodynamic relation in the theory of homogeneous nucleation of super-cooled droplets. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, Vol. 21, No. 2, 1964, p. 22526. [Corrects errors in calculation of free energy of freezing droplets.]Google Scholar
McDonald, J. E. Use of the electrostatic analogy in studies of ice crystal growth., Zeitschrift für angewandte Mathematik and Physik, Vol. 14, Fasc. 5, 1963, p. 61020.Google Scholar
Marckmann, J. P. Whalley, E. Vibrational spectra of the ices. Raman spectra of ice VI and VII. Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 41, No. 5, 1964, p. 145053.Google Scholar
Parreira, H. C. Eydt, A. J. Electric potentials generated by freezing dilute aqueous solutions. Nature, Vol. 208, No. 5005, 1965, p. 3335. [Measurement and interpretation in terms of electrical properties of ice and ionic entrapment and diffusion.]Google Scholar
Rabideau, S. W. Waldstein, P. Oxygen-17 NMR in polycrystalline H2O and D2O ice. Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 44, No. 3, 1966, p. 130405. [Letter. Measurements reported.]Google Scholar
Seidensticker, R. G. Comment on paper by P. Hoekstra, T. E. Osterkamp and W. F. Weeks, “The migration of liquid inclusions in single ice crystals”. Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 75, No. 8, 1966, p. 218081. [Points out that more accurate theory accounts quantitatively for data on migration of NaCl and KCl inclusions in ice.]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Takahashi, T. Thermoelectric effect in ice. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, Vol. 23, No. 1, 1966, p. 7477. [Measurement in single crystal ice, polycrystalline ice with bubbles, and ice formed from HF solution. Change of sign of effect at about -10°C.]Google Scholar
Thorpe, A. D. Mason, B. J. The evaporation of ice spheres and ice crystals. British Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 17, No. 4, 1966, p. 54148. [Measurements of evaporation rates. Includes difference of rates between spheres, plates and dendrites.]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Warburton, J. A. Heffernan, K. J. Time lag in ice crystal nucleation by silver iodide. Journal of Applied Meteorology, Vol. 3, No. 6, 1964, p. 78891. [Measurements in qualitative agreement with Fletcher’s theory.]Google Scholar
Weir, C., and others. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction at high pressures, by C. Weir, S. Block and G. Piermarini. Journal of Research of the National Bureau of Standards, Vol. 69C, No. 4, 1965, p. 27581. [Details of apparatus and results for ice VI and ice VII from which a unit cell for ice VI is deduced.]Google Scholar
Weissmann, M. Deuteron quadrupole coupling in D.O. Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 44, No. 1, 1966, p. 42223. [Letter. Reports results of a quantum-mechanical calculation which agrees with experimental results.]Google Scholar
Zettlemoyer, A. C., and others. Ice nucleation by hydrophobic substrates, by A. C. Zettlemoyer, N. Tcheurekdjian and C. L. Hosier., Zeitschrift für angewandte Mathematik and Physik, Vol. 14, Fasc. 5, 1963, p. 496502. [Discussion of conditions for production of nuclei.]Google Scholar
Ziegler, G. Strukturuntersuchungen an Eis bei teifen Temperaturen. Stuttgart, Technische Hochschule, 1962. 42 p. [Researches on structure of ice at low temperatures.]Google Scholar

Land ice. Glaciers. Ice shelves

Ambach, W. Eisner, H. Untersuchung der Radioaktivität der Filnschichten eines Alpengletschers zur Festlegung von Datierungsmarken. Acta Physica Austriaca, Bd. 20, Ht. 1–4, 1965, p. 5862. [Analysis of the radioactivity of firn layers of an alpine glacier in order to determine the rate of their deposition.]Google Scholar
Barnes, P. Robin, G. de Q. Implications for glaciology. Nature, Vol. 210, No. 5059, 1966, p. 88283. [Discusses results of indentation tests on ice in terms of theory of formation of sole of a glacier and bed slip. See Barnes, P., and Tabor, D. Plastic flow and pressure melting in the deformation of ice. Nature, Vol. 210, No. 5039, 1966, p. 878–82.]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bauer, A. Lorius, C. The polar ice-caps. impact of Science on Society, Vol. 14, No. 4, 1964, p. 22338. [General review of our knowledge of the Greenland and Antarctic Ice Sheets.]Google Scholar
Craig, H. Discussion of paper by S. Epstein, R. P. Sharp and A. J. Gow, “Six-year record of oxygen and hydrogen isotope variations in South Pole firn”. Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 71, No. 4, 1966, p. 128788. [Letter. Points out differences in deviations of oxygen and hydrogen isotope variations from those found in natural precipitation samples.]Google Scholar
Dibner, V. D. Glavneyshiye osobennosti morfologii i dinamiki oledeneniya v usloviyakh gluboko raschlenennogo krupnoblokovogo rel’yefa i prostoy geologicheskoy struktury korennogo lozha (na primere Zemli FrantsaIosifa) . Izvestiya Vsesoyuznogo Geograflcheskogo Obshchestva , Tom 97, Vyp. 3,1965, p. 25869.Google Scholar
Eythórsson, J. Brúarjökuls-leiäangur 1964. Jökull, [Vol.] 3, Ár 14, 1964, p. 10407. [Icelandic expedition to Brúarjökull, Vatnajökull, in 1964.]Google Scholar
Golubev, G. N. Glyatsial’nyye sell . Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta. Seriya V. Geografiya , 1964, No. 4, p. 4248. [Classification of jökullhlaups known in U.S.S.R.]Google Scholar
Haefner, H. Luftbild Valsorey-Gletscher (Kanton Wallis, Schweiz). Die Erde, 95 Jahrg., Ht. 2, 1964, p. 8387. [Valsorey-Gletscher investigated by examination of aerial photograph.]Google Scholar
Husebye, E. S., and others. The determination of the thickness of Finsterwalderbreen, Spitsbergen, from gravity measurements, by E. S. Husebye, A. Sornes and L. S. Wilhelmsen. Norsk Polarinstitutt. Arbok, 1963 [pub. 1965], p. 12936. [Field work in Vestspitsbergen in 1962.]Google Scholar
Jóhannsson, M. Vatnajökulsleiaangur 1964. Jökul, [Vol.] 3, Ár 14, 1964, p. 9596. [Icelandic expedition to Vatnajökull in 1964.]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kapitsa, A. P. Sorokhtin, O. G. Rel’yef lednikovogo pokrova i podlednogo lozha Zemli Kololevy Mod . Informatsionnyy Byulleten’ Sovetskoy Antarkticheskoy Ekspeditsii , No. 51, 1965, p. 2326. [Observations by Soviet traverse in 1964.]Google Scholar
Karlén, V. Snöackumulationskartor och glaciärernas ackumulation. Norges Vassdrags- og Elektrisitetsvesen. Hydrologisk Avdeling. Meddelelser, No. 10, 1964, 5 p. [Correlation between Norwegian snow accumulation maps and accumulation measurements on two Scandinavian glaciers.]Google Scholar
Keeler, C. M. Relationship between climate, ablation and run-off on the Sverdrup Glacier, 1963, Devon Island, N.W.T. Arctic Institute of North America. Research Paper No. 27, 1964, 125 p. [An attempt to account for short term disagreements between the amounts of (1) ablation calculated from an energy balance study, (2) ablation calculated from surface lowering measurements, and (3) ablation calculated from measurements of the discharge of a supraglacial stream.]Google Scholar
Kinosita, S. Daisetsu-san no sekkei chäsa (dal 1 nendo) . Teionkagaku , Ser. A, Vol. 23, 1965, p. 12127. [Observations on a mountain in central Hokkaido, Japan. English summary.]Google Scholar
Körner, H. Schnee- und Eismechanik und einige ihrer Beziehungen zur Geologic. Felsmechanik und Ingenieurgeologie, Vol. 2, No. 1, 1964, p. 4567. [Review of work in ice mechanics and its application to theory of glacier flow and certain geological topics. English summary.]Google Scholar
Kotlyakov, V. M. Issledovaniye byudzheta massy oledeneniya zemli i yego izmeneniy . Geofizicheskiy Byulleten’ , No. 15, 1965, p. 2537 Google Scholar
Kruchinin, Yu. A. Shel’fovyye ledniki Zemli Korolevy Mod . Leningrad, Gidrometeorologicheskoye Izdatel’stvo [Hydrological and Meteorological Publishing House], 1965. 180 p. [Descriptive.]Google Scholar
Liestøl, O. Noen resultater av bremálinger i Norge i 1963. Norsk Polarinstitutt. Årbok, 1963 [pub. 1965], p. 18592. [Glacier investigations in Norway in 1963; mainly regime on Storbreen and Hardangerjekulen, south Norway. English summary.]Google Scholar
Maksimov, Ye. V. Ledniki Kirgizskogo Alatau . Priroda , 1964, No. 10, p. 9599 Google Scholar
Meier, M. F. Glaciers and climate. (In Wright, H. E. jr. Frey, D. G., ed. The Quaternary of the United States. Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1965, p. 795805.) [General discussion of the theory of glaciers, response to climate and its implications for glaciers in the U.S.A.]Google Scholar
Messerli, B. Der Gletscher am Erciyas Dagh und das Problem. Der rezenten Schneegrenze im anatolischen und mediterranen Raum. Geographica Helvetica, Vol. 59, No. 1, 1964, p. 5934. [Ice retreat of glacier in Erciyas Dagh during last 60 years and measurements of snow line in surrounding area.]Google Scholar
Miller, H. Observaciones glaciologicas en las cercanias de la Base General Bernardo O’Higgins, Peninsula Antártica. Comunicaciones de la Escuela de Geología (Santiago), No. 8, 1965, 27 p. [Glaciological observations in the summer of 1964 in the Chilean Antarctic station “General O’Higgins” at the northern end of Graham Land.]Google Scholar
Pal’gov, N. N. Opyt vychisleniya moshchnosti gornykh lednikov metodom balansov . Geograficheskiy Sbornik , 17, 1964, p. 1830.Google Scholar
Ragle, R. H., and others. Effects of the 1964 Alaskan earthquake on glaciers and related features, by R. H. Ragte, J. E. Sater and W. O. Field. Arctic Institute of North America. Research Paper No. 32, 1965, v, 44 p. [Results of aerial reconnaissance in April and September 1964]Google Scholar
Shumskiy, P. A. Bauer, A. Issledovaniye sovremennykh izmeneniy tsentral’noy chasti lednikovogo pokrova vostochnoy Antarktidy v 1964 g. . Informatsionnyy Byulleten’ Sovetskoy Antarkticheskoy Ekspeditsii , No. 51, 1965, p. 3751. [Narrative of Soviet-French traverse “Vostok”-Mirny in 1964, when six polygons were laid out on ice surface to allow measurement of strain rates.]Google Scholar
Suyetova, I. Ye. Morfometricheskiye kharakteristiki Antarktidy (gipsometricheskaya krivaya, srednyaya vysota korennogo lozha, ob”yem i moshchnost’ l’da) . (In Antarktika. Doklady Komissii 1963 . Moscow, Izdatel’stvo Akademii Nauk SSSR Publishing House of the Academy of Sciences of the U.S.S.R.], 1964, p. 58.)Google Scholar
Tangborn, W. V. Glacier mass budget measurements by hydrologic means. Water Resources Research, Vol. 2, No. 5, 1966, p. 10510. [Measurements of run-off and precipitation used to determine budget of South Cascade Glacier and results compared with conventional methods.]Google Scholar
Weertman, J. How glaciers move. New Scientist, Vol. 29, No. 481, 1966, p. 298. [Reply to Lliboutry’s article, New Scientist, Vol. 28, No. 473, 1965, p. 734–36, disputing Lliboutry’s description of Weertman’s theory.]Google Scholar
Wilhelm, F. Jüngere Gletscherschwankungen auf der Barentsinsel in SE-Spitsbergen. (In Vorträge des Fridjof-Nansen-Gedächtnis-Symposions über Spitzbergen in Nansens 100. Geburtsjahr (geb. 10.10.1861) vom 3. bis 11. April 1961 in Würzburg. Wiesbaden, Franz Steiner Verlag GmbH, 1965, p. 7385. (Ergebnisse der StauferlandExpedition 1959/60 (Deutsche Expedition nach Südost-Spitzbergen), Ht. 3.)) [Recent glacier variations on Barentseya.]Google Scholar
Zabirov, R. D., ed. Glyatsiologicheskiye issledovaniya na Tyan’-Shane . Raboty Tyan’-Shan’skoy Fiziko-Geograficheskoy Stantsii , Vyp. 6, 1964, 127 p.Google Scholar
Zinger, Ye. M. Koryakin, V. S. O sovremennom oledenenii Severnoy Zemli . Izvestiya Vsesoyuznogo Geograficheskogo Obshchestva , Tom 96, Vyp. 6, 1964, p. 47179. [Survey of current knowledge.]Google Scholar

Icebergs. Sea, river and lake ice

Cherepanov, N. V. Struktura morskikh l’dov bol’shoy tolshchiny . Trudy Arkticheskogo i Antarkticheskogo. Nauchno-Issledovatel’skogo Instituta , Tom 267, 1964, p. 1318. [Ice of drifting station SP-6 identified morphologically as ice island, but crystalline structure differs from other ice islands. English translation: Canada. Defence Research Board. Translation T448R, 1966.]Google Scholar
Donn, W. L. Shaw, D. M. The heat budgets of an ice-free and an ice-covered Arctic Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 71, No. 4, 1966, p. 108793. [Estimates indicate that if ice disappeared it would not re-form.]Google Scholar
Dunbar, Moira. Canadian proposal for changes in WMO sea ice terminology. Polar Record, Vol. 12, No. 81, 1965, p. 71722.Google Scholar
Dunbar, Moira. Unusual ice conditions in the Canadian Arctic, summer 1963. Arctic Circular, Vol. 16, No. 1, 1963–64 [pub. 1964], p. 712.Google Scholar
Knight, C. A. Grain boundary migration and other processes in the formation of ice sheets on water. Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 37, No. 2, 1966, p. 56874. [Laboratory study of ice growth under conditions simulating lake ice formation. Effect of initial orientation, wedging out, and grain boundary migration in establishing preferred orientations.]Google Scholar
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Lebedev, V. L. Teploobmen mezhdu antarkticheskimi vodami, aysbergami i lednikami . (In Antarktika. Doklady Komissii 1963 . Moscow, Izdatel’stvo Akademii Nauk SSSR [Publishing House of the Academy of Sciences of the U.S.S.R.], 1964, p. 10621.) [Quantitative analysis of conditions in which Antarctic land ice cools surrounding water without melting.]Google Scholar
Loshchilov, V. S. Snezhnyy pokrov na l’dakh tsentral’noy Arktiki . Problemy Arktiki i Anlarktiki , Vyp. 17, 1964, p. 3645.Google Scholar
Macpherson, J. D. The effect of ice on long range underwater sound propagation. Journal. British Institution of Radio Engineers, Vol. 26, No. 4, 1963, p. 29397. [Presence of ice cover causes marked attentuation of acoustic pulses.]Google Scholar
Mamayev, O. I. K voprosu o narastanii i tayanii ledyanogo pokrova na more . Okeanologiya , Tom 5, Vyp. 5, 1964, p. 74955.Google Scholar
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Nusser, F. Neue Eisbezeichnungen für Unterseebootfahrten unter dem Eis. Deutsche Hydrographische, Zeilschrift, Jahrg. 17, Ht. 5, 1964, p. 23637. [New ice terms for navigation of submarines underneath an ice cover. In German and English.]Google Scholar
Palosuo, E. Frozen slush on lake ice. Geophysica, Vol. 9, No. 2, 1965, p. 13147. [Amount of ice due to this cause, its density and crystal orientation.]Google Scholar
Palosuo, E. Jäätalven kestoaika Suomen rannikoilla 1931–1960. Merentutkimuslaitoksen Julkaisu (Helsinki), No. 219, 1965, 49 p. [Duration of the ice along the Finnish coast 1931–60. Mainly tables of data. English text in parallel.]Google Scholar
Samoylenko, V. S. Vosstanovitsya li yestestvennyy ledyanoy pokrov v arkticheskom basseyne v sluchaye yego unichtozheniya Okeanologiya , Tom 4, Vyp. 6, 1964, p. 9971007. [Author believes it would not, if heat advection remained above half present value.]Google Scholar
Sokolovskaya, L. Ya. Vliyaniye osadkov na l’doobrazovaniye . Voprosy Geografti , Sbornik 62, 1963, p. 1819 I. [Sea ice.]Google Scholar
Ukens, G. E. Ragotzkie, R. A. Vertical water motions in a small ice-covered lake. Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 70, No. 10, 1965, p. 233344.Google Scholar
Valeur, H. H. Short-term variations of polar ice. Selected examples off south and southeast Greenland. Geográfisk Tidsskrift, Bd. 64, Halvbd. 2, 1965, p. 22033. [Illustrates the advantage of air observations of the ice: some examples are given concerning the influence of the wind upon the ice drift.]Google Scholar

Glacial geology

Barnett, D. M. Peterson, J. A. The significance of glacial Lake Naskaupi 2 in the deglaciation of Labrador-Ungava. Canadian Geographer, Vol. 8, No. 4, 1964, p. 17381 Google Scholar
Birkenmajer, K. Quaternary geology of Treskelen, Hornsund, Vestspitsbergen. Studio Geologica Polonica (Warsaw), Vol. 11, 1964, p. 18596. [Field work in 1958. Map of Quaternary deposits with explanations. Polish summary.]Google Scholar
Blake, W. jr. Preliminary account of the glacial history of Bathurst Island, Arctic archipelago. Canada. Geological Survey. Paper 64–30, 1964, [iv], 8 p. [Results of 1963 field work.]Google Scholar
Corbel, J. Soulèvement isostatique et englacement ancien (Spitzberg et Mer de Barentz). (In Vorträge des Fridjof-Nansen-Gedächtnis-Symposions fiber Spitzbergen in Nansen roo. Geburtsjahr (geb.10.10.1861) vom 3. bis 11. April 1961 in Witrzburg. Wiesbaden, Franz Steiner Verlag GmbH, 1965, p. 5967. (Ergebnisse der StauferlandExpedition 1959/60 (Deutsche Expedition nach Südost-Spitzbergen), Ht. 3.)) [Discussion of extension and thickness of assumed Barents Sea ice cap, based on isostasy observations.]Google Scholar
Coulter, H. W., and others. Map showing extent of glaciations in Alaska, compiled by the Alaska Glacial Map Committee of the U.S. Geological Survey, H. W. Coulter, D. M. Hopkins, T. N. V. Karlstrom, T. L. Péwé, C. Wahrhaftig [and] J. R. Williams. U.S. Geological Survey. Miscellaneous Geologic Investigation. Map 1–415, 1965. [Map to scale 1: 2,500,000 with basis of interpretation printed on sheet.]Google Scholar
Dollfus, O. Les Andes centrales du Pérou et leurs piémonts (entre Lima et le Péréné): étude géomorphologique. Lima (Peru), Institut Français d’Études Andines, 1965. 404 p. (Travaux de l’Institut Français d’Études Andines, Tom. 10) [Also deals with glaciers and glaciated regions.]Google Scholar
Ewing, M. Comments on the theory of glaciation. (In Nairn, A. E. M., ed. Problems in palaeoclimatology: proceedings of the NATO palaeoclimates conference held at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne, January 7–12, 1963. London, Interscience Publishers, [1964], p. 34853.) [Evidence from raised beaches, seismic and structural data and deep-sea cores used to discuss theories of ice ages.]Google Scholar
Gillberg, G. Till distribution and ice movements on the northern slopes of the south Swedish highlands. Geologiska Foreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar, Vol. 86, Pt. 4, No. 519, 1965, p. 43384. [Analysis of composition of till and inferences concerning movement of bottom layers of ice sheet.]Google Scholar
Haselton, G. M. Glacial geology of Muir Inlet, southeast Alaska. Ohio State University. Intitule of Polar Studies. Report No. 18, 1966, viii, 34, [32] p. [Glaciers in this part of Glacier Bay Monument are downwasting and retreating rapidly, and vegetation is re-establishing itself on the deglaciated areas. Glacial stratigraphy is discussed.]Google Scholar
Heuvel, E. P. J. van den. Ice shelf theory of Pleistocene glaciations. Nature, Vol. 220, No. 5034, 1966, p. 36365. [There seems to be a correlation between the occurrence of northern ice ages and the secular summer insolation variations in the 65° latitude region of the northern hemisphere.]Google Scholar
Jørstad, F. A. Jettegryter i blokker og i kohesive jordarter. Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift, Bd. 18, Ht. 3–4, 1961–62, p. 14455. [Glaciofluvial potholes in boulders in west Norway explained by moulin hypothesis. English summary.]Google Scholar
Karlstrom, T. N. V. Quaternary geology of the Kenai Lowland and glacial history of the Cook Inlet region, Alaska. U.S. Geological Survey. Professional Paper 443, 1964, iv, 69 p. [Study of Quaternary deposits interpreted in terms of five glaciations and smaller more recent advances.]Google Scholar
Krinsley, D. H. Newman, W. S. Pleistocene glaciation: a criterion for recognition of its onset. Science, Vol. 149, No. 3682, 1965, p. 44243. [Suggests use of surface marking of sand grains due to glacial grinding as method of identifying beginning of Pleistocene in deep-sea cores.]Google Scholar
Markov, K. K. La glaciologie de l’Antarctique et la paléoglaciologie. Report of the 6th International Congress on Quaternary, Warsaw, 1961, Vol. 1 (Łód), 1963, p. 21518. [Discussion of problems of glacial geology that can be elucidated by study of present-day ice sheets.]Google Scholar
Matschinski, M. Déphasage des glaciations des hémisphères nord et sud du Globe et emplacements des glaciations permocarbonifères et éocambriennes. Bulletin de l’Académie Royale de Belgique. Classe des Sciences, Vol. 49, No. 8, 1963, p. 82432. [New explanation for distribution of indications of pre-Quaternary glaciations around present equator based on fact that maximum and minimum glaciations, in the two hemispheres are out of phase.]Google Scholar
Messerli, B. Das Problem der eiszeitlichen Vergletscherung am Libanon und Herman. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie, Neue Folge, Bd. 10, Ht. 1, 1966, p. 3768. [The Pleistocene and recent snow line rises continually from the Taurus to the Lebanon. High differences prove the quite different climatic situation during the Ice Age in comparison with the present conditions.]Google Scholar
Niewiarowski, W. Some problems concerning deglaciation by stagnation and wastage of large portions of the ice-sheet within the area of the last glaciation in Poland. Report of the 6th International Congress on Quaternary, Warsaw, 1961, Vol. 1 (Łód), 1963, p. 24556. [Discusses field evidence for former dead ice.]Google Scholar
Niewiarowski, W. Types of kames occurring within the area of the last glaciation in Poland as compared with kames known from other regions. Report of the 6th International Congress on Quaternary, Warsaw, 1961, Vol. 1 (Łód), 1963, p. 47585.Google Scholar
Peterson, J. A. Deglaciation of the Whitegull Lake area, Labrador-Ungava. Cahiers de Géographie de Québec, 9e An., Nr. 18, 1965, p. 18396. [Hypothesis that deglaciation proceeds in a jerky manner.]Google Scholar
Pippan, T. Glazialmorphologische Studien im norwegischen Gebirge unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des Problems der hochalpinen Formung. Die Erde, 96 Jahrg., Ht. 2, 1965, p. 10521. [Account of glacial features in area between Jotunheimen, Rondane and Narvik. English summary.]Google Scholar
Portmann, J. P. De la nature des moraines. Les Alpes. Bulletin Mensuel du Club Alpin Suisse, 40e An., [No.] 6, 1964, P. 13032.Google Scholar
Price, R. J. The changing proglacial environment of the Casement Glacier, Glacier Bay, Alaska. Transactions and Papers, Institute of British Geographers, 1965, Publication No. 36, 1965, p. 10716. [Description and explanation of the glacial land-forms that have appeared in front of this glacier since it ceased to reach the sea in 1907.]Google Scholar
Tanner, W. F. Cause and development of an ice age. Journal of Geology, Vol. 73, No. 3, 1965, p. 41330. [New theory suggests basic cause and initiation of ice age are separate factors.]Google Scholar
Vasil’yev, B. P. Ostrovnyye shel’fy severnoy Atlantiki . Priroda , 1964, No. 5, p. 8687. [Glacial action on sea floor between Scotland and Iceland.]Google Scholar
Walker, G. P. L. Blake, D. H. The formation of palagonite breccia miss beneath a valley glacier in Iceland. Quarterly journal of the Geological Society of London, Vol. 122, No. 485, Pt. 1, 1966, p. 4561. [If the valley had been free from ice a normal basalt flow would have been expected; instead a thick mass of palagonite breccia is seen.]Google Scholar
Weidick, A. Glacier fluctuations in Holocene time in the Julianeháb district, southwest Greenland. Report of the 6th International Congress on Quaternary, Warsaw, 1961, Vol. 2 (Łód), 1964, p. 33339. [Including general morphology of the district, Pleistocene and Holocene deposits.]Google Scholar
Woldstedt, P. Das Eiszeitalter: Grundlinien einer Geologie des Qartärs. Bd. 3: Afrika, Asien, Australien and Amerika im Eiszeitalter. Stuttgart, Ferdinand Enke Verlag, 1965. 328 p. [Comprehensive survey of Quaternary stratigraphy and of glacial deposits.]Google Scholar
Woldstedt, P. Die interglazialen marinen Strande and der Aufbau des antarktischen Inlandeises. Eiszeitalter and Gegenwart, Bd. 16, 1965, p. 3136. [The interglacial marine beaches are mostly explained as signs of ancient higher ocean levels.]Google Scholar
Zeller, G. Morphologische Untersuchungen in den östlichen Seitentälern des Val Bienio. Beiträge zur Geologic der Schweiz. Geotechnische Serie. Hydrologie, Nr. 13, 1964, 108 p. [Includes the glacierization of the district, glacial erosion, moraine systems, block flow and mass movement of the glaciers.]Google Scholar
Zienert, A. Gran Paradiso-Mont Blanc: prähistorische and historische Gletscherstände. Eiszeitalter and Gegen wart, Bd. 16, 1965, p. 20225. [Deals with the moraines of the more significant of glaciers of the Aosta region from prehistoric times to the present.]Google Scholar

Frost action on rocks and soil. Frozen ground. Permafrost

Brown, W. G. Difficulties associated with predicting depth of freeze or thaw. Canadian Geofechnical Journal, Vol. 1, No. 4, 1964, p. 21526. [Comparison of theoretical and experimental methods of calculation of frost penetration depth leads to revised values.]Google Scholar
Caine, T. N. The origin of sorted stripes in the Lake District, northern England. Geografiska Annaler, Vol. 45, Nos. 2–3, 1963, p. 17279. [Sorted stripes due to sub-surface variation of material under front conditions causing heaving into ridges and gutters.]Google Scholar
Chigir, V. G. Merzlotno-geologicheskiye protsessy v polyarnoy pustyne kak sledstviye sezonnogo l’doobrazovaniya V deyatel’nom sloye . Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta. Seriya V. Geografiya , 1965, No. 2, p. 6771. [Dark objects melting their way into ice of frozen ground.]Google Scholar
Chigir, V. G. O mekhanizme vozdeystviya snezhnikov na ikh lozhe . Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta. Seriya V. Geografiya , 1964, No. 1, p. 3136. [Observations in Severnaya Zemlya, 1957–59.]Google Scholar
Cruickshank, J. G. Colhoun, E. A. Observations on pingos and other landforms in Schuchertdal, northeast Greenland. Geografiska Annaler, Vol. 47A, No. 4, 1965, p. 22436. [Frost weathering over permafrost and seasonal fluvial erosion have been the active landscape factors in suisse extra-glacial areas during the last glaciation of Schuchertdal.]Google Scholar
Gorbunov, A. P. Merzlotnyy poyas tsentral’nogo Tyan’-Shanya . Izvesliya Vsesoyuznogo Geograficheskogo Obshchestva , Tom 97, Vyp. 1, 1965, p. 3238. [Description of area and of forms of frozen ground features.]Google Scholar
Hamelin, L.-E. Jacobsen, G. Île Melville (Canada arctique). Centre d’Etudes Nordiques. Travaux Divers (Québec), No. 5, 1964, 24 p. [History and description of Melville Island, with chapters on periglacial phenomena.]Google Scholar
Inglis, D. R. Particle sorting and stone migration by freezing and thawing. Science, Vol. 148, No. 3665, 1965, p. 161617. [Simple physical explanation. Criticism of A. Corte’s mechanism, with reply by Corte.]Google Scholar
Jackson, K. A., and others. Frost heave in soils, by K. A. Jackson, D. R. Uhlmann and B. Chalmers. Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 37, No. 2, 1966, p. 8485, 2. [Extension of earlier theory of frost heave with more detailed treatment of heat flow and water transport.]Google Scholar
Kaplar, C. W. Stone migration by freezing of soil. Science, Vol. 149, No. 3691, 1965, p. 152021. [Time-lapse photographic observations which agree with D. R. Inglis’ theory.]Google Scholar
Lindquist, S. Mattsson, J. O. Studies on the thermal structure of a pals. Svensk Geografisk Arsbok, 41, 1965, p. 3849. [Supports the view that passes are maintained by the wind keeping them free from snow so that the winter cold wave can penetrate into them.]Google Scholar
Muller, E. H. Reduction of periglacial erosion surfaces as measures of the effectiveness of glacial erosion. Report of the 6th International Congress on Quaternary, Warsaw, 1961, Vol. 1 (Łód), 1963, p. 23343. [Importance of whether glaciers have covered landscape to subsequent erosion processes; examples from New York and Pennsylvania.]Google Scholar
Sukhodrovskiy, V. L. Vliyaniye rel’yefa snezhnogo pokrova na deyatel’nost’ talykh vod v periglyatsial’nykh usloviyakh (na primere Zemli Frantsa-Iosifa) . Izvestiya Akademii Nauk SSSR. Seriya Geograflcheskaya , 1965, No. 4, p. 97102.Google Scholar
Wacholz, H. Müller, G. Über einen Zusammenhang von Bruchfestigkeit and Schallgeschwindigkeit bei gefroren Erdschichten in Hinblick auf den Gefrierschachtbau. Zeitschrifl für Geophysik, Vol. 30, No. 3, 1964, p. 12739. [Calculation of modulus of elasticity of layer of frozen ground from sound velocity measurements enables ultimate strength of frozen layer to be determined. English summary.]Google Scholar

Meteorological and Climatological Glaciology

Bryazgin, N. N. Ob issledovanii gololeda i izmorosi v tsentral’noy Arktiki . Problemy Arktiki i Antarktiki , Vyp. 19, 1965, p. 6668. [Observations at Soviet drifting station, 1958.]Google Scholar
Bugayev, V. A. Shlyakhov, V. K. Otsenka napravleniya zastrugov na marshrute Mirnyy-Komsomol’skayaVostok po fotografirovaniyu s samoleta . (In AnlarktIka. Doklady Komissii 1963 . Moscow, Izdatel’stvo Akademii Nauk SSSR [Publishing House of the Academy of Sciences of the U.S.S.R.], 1964, p. 12735.) [Observations made in 1961.]Google Scholar
Dansgaard, W. Weidick, A. Klimaforvarring i Grenland? Grenland, 1965, No. 11, p. 399405. [Possibility of a deterioration of climate in Greenland discussed on basis of air and sea temperature records, glacier advance data, and measurement of oxygen isotope ratio in snow.]Google Scholar
George, D. J. Hill, R. Glaciation of water fog and a temporary improvement in visibility at Shawbury. Meteorological Magazine, Vol. 95, No. 1125, 1966, p. 12123. [Observation of tiny rounded opaque ice crystals similar to “diamond dust” observed in the Antarctic, which gradually grew to ice needles of 1 to 2 mm.]Google Scholar
Hallett, J. Observations of the structure of conical hailstones. Journal de Recherches Atmosphériques, Vol. 2, No. 3, 1965, p. 8190. [Description of the air bubble and crystalline structure of conical hailstones which fell over the San Francisco peaks, Arizona.]Google Scholar
Hitschfeld, W. Douglas, R. H. A theory of hail growth based on studies of Alberta storms., Zeitschr für angewandie Mathematik und Phvsik, Vol. 14, Fasc. 5, 1963, p. 55462. [Discusses growth processes in light of present physical and meteorological knowledge.]Google Scholar
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Lamb, H. H. The role of atmosphere and oceans in relation to climatic changes and the growth of ice-sheets on land. (In Nairn, A. E. M., ed. Problems in palaeoclimatology: proceedings of the NATO palaeoclimates conference held at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne, January 7–12, 1963. London, Intersciene Publishers, [1964], p. 332411)Google Scholar
Latham, J. Some electrical processes in the atmosphere. Weather, Vol. 21, No. 4, 1966, p. 12027. [The problems are particularly complicated in situations where water and ice co-exist, as in large clouds.]Google Scholar
Loewe, F. On the radiation economy, particularly in ice- and snow-covered regions. Gerlands Beitrage zur Geophysik, Bd. 72, Ht. 6, 1963, p. 37176.Google Scholar
Mason, B. J. On the formation of raindrops and hailstones. Advancement of Science, Vol. 22, No. 103, 1966, p. 48599.Google Scholar


Ambach, W. Untersuchungen des Energiehaushaltes und des freien Wassergehaltes beim Abbau der winterlichen Schneedecke. Archiv für Meleorologie, Geophysik und Bioklimatologie, Ser. B, Bd. 14, Ht. 2, 1965, p. 14860. [Heat balance and free water content during the ablation of the winter snow cover.]Google Scholar
Ambach, W. Wärmehaushalt und freier Wassergehalt beim Abbau der Schneedecke (Obergurgl, 1980 m Seehöhe). Carinthia II. Mitteilungen des Naturhistorischen Landesmuseums für Kärnten, 24 Sonderheft, [1965], p. 26769. [Study of heat balance during the removal of the snow cover. A connection between free water content and avalanche activity has been observed.]Google Scholar
Arabadzhi, V. A. Rudik, K. I. Skrup snega . Priroda , 1963, No. 10, p. 106437. [Explanation of phenomenon and temperature dependence of frequency. English translation: Canada. Defence Research Board. Translation T447R, 1966.]Google Scholar
Bonacina, L. C. W. Chief events of snowfall in the British Isles during the decade, 1956–65. Weather, Vol. 21, No. 2, 1966, p. 4246. [Detailed account of distinctive characteristics of each winter.]Google Scholar
Feth, J. H., and others. Chemical composition of snow in the northern Sierra Nevada and other areas, by J. H. Feth, S. M. Rogers and C. E. Roberson. U.S. Geological Survey. Water-Supply Paper, No. 1535-J, 1964, p. 139.Google Scholar
Fraser, C. The avalanche enigma. London, John Murray, [1966]. xvi, 301 p.Google Scholar
Hutchinson, B. A. A comparison of evaporation from snow and soil surfaces. Bulletin de l’Association Internationale d’Hydrologie Scientifique, 11e An., No. 1, 1966, p. 3442. [As greater amounts of water were evaporated from soils, the vapour pressure of the air was raised sufftciently to reduce evaporation from snow.]Google Scholar
Jaccard, C. Neue Erkenntnisse der Lawinenforschung. Umschau in Wissenschaft und Technik, Ht. 3, 1966, p. 6975. [A brief history and the development of avalanche research.]Google Scholar
Jaccard, C. Progrès récents dans l’étude des avalanches. Les Alpes. Revue du Club Alpin Suisse, 42e An., le Trimestre, 1966, p. 6872. [Recent developments in the study of avalanches.]Google Scholar
Roch, A. Avalanches. Mountain World, 1962–63 [pub. 1964], p. 2839. [General theory.]Google Scholar
Scutt, B., and others. Snow cones, [by B. Scutt, F. E. Dixon and R. K. Pilsbury]. Weather, Vol. 21, No. 5, 1966, p. 192. [Letters suggesting possible explanations for their formation.]Google Scholar
Stein, J. R. Brooke, R. C. Red snow from Mt. Seymour, British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Botany, Vol. 42, No. 9, 1964, p. 118388.Google Scholar
Tarble, R. D. Areal distributions of snow as determined from satellite photographs. Association Internationale d’Hydrologie Scientifique. Assemblée générale de Berkeley de l’UGGI, 19–8-31–8 1963. Erosion continentale, précipitations, hydrométrie, humidité du sol, 1964, p. 37275. [Results from Tiros satellites. Possibility of use for routine observation.]Google Scholar
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