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High resolution (1 km) positive degree-day modelling of Greenland ice sheet surface mass balance, 1870–2012 using reanalysis data

  • DAVID J. WILTON (a1), AMY JOWETT (a1), EDWARD HANNA (a1), GRANT R. BIGG (a1), MICHIEL R. VAN DEN BROEKE (a2), XAVIER FETTWEIS (a3) and PHILIPPE HUYBRECHTS (a4)...

Abstract

We show results from a positive degree-day (PDD) model of Greenland ice sheet (GrIS) surface mass balance (SMB), 1870–2012, forced with reanalysis data. The model includes an improved daily temperature parameterization as compared with a previous version and is run at 1 km rather than 5 km resolution. The improvements lead overall to higher SMB with the same forcing data. We also compare our model with results from two regional climate models (RCMs). While there is good qualitative agreement between our PDD model and the RCMs, it usually results in lower precipitation and lower runoff but approximately equivalent SMB: mean 1979–2012 SMB (± standard deviation), in Gt a−1, is 382 ± 78 in the PDD model, compared with 379 ± 101 and 425 ± 90 for the RCMs. Comparison with in situ SMB observations suggests that the RCMs may be more accurate than PDD at local level, in some areas, although the latter generally compares well. Dividing the GrIS into seven drainage basins we show that SMB has decreased sharply in all regions since 2000. Finally we show correlation between runoff close to two calving glaciers and either calving front retreat or calving flux, this being most noticeable from the mid-1990s.

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Copyright

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Corresponding author

Correspondence: David J. Wilton <d.j.wilton@shef.ac.uk>

References

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Keywords

High resolution (1 km) positive degree-day modelling of Greenland ice sheet surface mass balance, 1870–2012 using reanalysis data

  • DAVID J. WILTON (a1), AMY JOWETT (a1), EDWARD HANNA (a1), GRANT R. BIGG (a1), MICHIEL R. VAN DEN BROEKE (a2), XAVIER FETTWEIS (a3) and PHILIPPE HUYBRECHTS (a4)...

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