Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Gastrointestinal helminths of wolves (Canis lupus Linnaeus, 1758) in Piedmont, north-western Italy

  • M.R.P. de Macedo (a1), S. Zanet (a2), S. Bruno (a2), A. Tolosano (a3), F. Marucco (a4), L. Rossi (a2), G. Muller (a1) and E. Ferroglio (a2)...

Abstract

Free-ranging grey wolves (Canis lupus), which are presently recolonizing Italy, can be parasitized by a diversity of helminths, but have rarely been subject to studies of their parasites. Therefore, this study aims to determine the prevalence of gastrointestinal helminths of road-killed grey wolves from the Piedmont region of Italy. Forty-two wolves were collected and examined for the presence of helminths. We recorded 12 helminth species: nine Nematoda and three Cestoda. The nematodes were: Ancylostoma caninum (7.1%), Capillaria sp. (2.4%), Molineus sp. (2.4%), Pterygodermatites affinis (11.9%), Physaloptera sibirica (9.5%), Toxocara canis (9.5%), Toxascaris leonina (2.4%) and Uncinaria stenocephala (26.2%); the cestodes were: Dipylidium caninum (4.8%), Mesocestoides sp. (4.8%) and Taenia multiceps (76.2%). Physaloptera sibirica had the highest mean intensity and T. multiceps had the highest prevalence. Based on age and sex, no differences in the intensity or prevalence of helminth species were found among the hosts. Molineus sp. was recorded for the first time in wolves from the Palearctic region; P. affinis and P. sibirica are respectively reported for the first time in wolves from Europe and Italy.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Author for correspondence: M.R.P. de Macedo, E-mail: mrpmbio@gmail.com

Footnotes

Hide All
*

Current address: Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES), Ministry of Education, Brasília-DF, 70040-020, Brazil.

Footnotes

References

Hide All
Alexander, KA, McNutt, JW, Briggs, MB, Standers, PE, Funston, P, Hemson, G, Keet, D and van Vuuren, M (2010) Multi-host pathogens and carnivore management in southern Africa. Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases 33, 249265.
Amato, J and Amato, S (2010) Técnicas gerais para coleta e preparação de helmintos endoparasitos de aves. pp. 369393 in Von Matter, S, Straube, F, Accordi, I, Piacentini, V, Cândido, JJ (Eds) Ornitologia e conservação: ciência aplicada, técnicas de pesquisa e levantamento. Vol. 1. Rio de Janeiro, Technical Books.
Anderson, RC, Chabaud, AG and Willmott, S (2009) Keys to the nematode parasites of vertebrates: archival Volume. Oxfordshire, CABI Publishing. 443 pp.
Arru, E, Garippa, G and Fico, R (1986) Sulla presenza di Echinococcus granulosus nella volpe (Vulpes vulpes) e nel lupo (Canis lupus). Atti della Società Italiana delle Scienze Veterinarie 42, 10891092.
Bagrade, G, Kirjusina, M, Vismanis, K and Ozolins, J (2009) Helminth parasites of the wolf Canis lupus from Latvia. Journal of Helminthology 83, 6368.
Bindke, JD, Springer, A, Boer, M and Strube, C (2017) Helminth fauna in captive European gray wolves (Canis lupus lupus) in Germany. Frontiers in Veterinary Science 4, 228.
Bush, AO, Lafferty, KD, Lotz, JM and Shostak, AW (1997) Parasitology meets ecology on its own terms: Margolis et al. revisited. Journal of Parasitology 83, 575583.
Canavese, G and Marucco, F (2016) The Project LIFE WolfAlps: new knowledge for coordinated conservation actions. Proceedings II Conference LIFE WolfAlps – The Wolf Population in the Alps: Status and Management, Cuneo, 22 January 2016, Project LIFE 12 NAT/IT/00080 WOLFALPS127.
Capelli, G, Stancampiano, L, Magi, M, Poglayen, G and Guberti, V (2003) Diversità delle comunità parassitarie intestinali in tre popolazioni di volpi. Journal of Mountain Ecology 7, 199205.
Cerbo, A, Manfredi, M, Trevisiol, K, Bregoli, M, Ferrari, N, Pirinesi, F and Bazzoli, S (2008) Intestinal helminth communities of the red fox (Vulpes vulpes L.) in the Italian Alps. Acta Parasitologica 53, 302311.
Craig, HL and Craig, PS (2005) Helminth parasites of wolves (Canis lupus): a species list and an analysis of published prevalence studies in Nearctic and Palaearctic populations. Journal of Helminthology 79, 95103.
Eleni, C, De Liberato, C, Azam, D, Morgan, ER and Traversa, D (2014) Angiostrongylus vasorum in wolves in Italy. International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife 3, 1214.
Esch, GW and Self, JT (1965) A critical study of the taxonomy of Taenia pisiformis Bloch, 1780; Multiceps multiceps (Leske, 1780); and Hydatigera taeniaeformis Batsch, 1786. Journal of Parasitology 51, 932937.
Fabbri, E, Miquel, C, Lucchini, V, et al. (2007) From the Apennines to the Alps: colonization genetics of the naturally expanding Italian wolf (Canis lupus) population. Molecular Ecology 16, 16611671.
Ferroglio, E, Ragagli, C and Trisciuoglio, A (2009) Physaloptera sibirica in foxes and badgers from the Western Alps (Italy). Veterinary Parasitology 163, 164166.
Fiocchi, A, Gustinelli, A, Gelmini, L, Rugna, G, Renzi, M, Fontana, MC and Poglayen, G (2016) Helminth parasites of the red fox Vulpes vulpes (L., 1758) and the wolf Canis lupus italicus Altobello, 1921 in Emilia-Romagna, Italy. Italian Journal of Zoology 83, 503513.
Gibbons, LM (2010) Keys to the nematode parasite of vertebrates: supplementary Volume. Oxfordshire, CABI Publishing. 416 pp.
Guberti, V, Stancampiano, L and Francisci, F (1993) Intestinal helminth parasite community in wolves (Canis lupus) in Italy. Parassitologia 35, 5965.
Guberti, V, Bolognini, M, Lanfranchi, P and Battelli, G (2004) Echinococcus granulosus in the wolf in Italy. Parassitologia 46, 425427.
Hrckova, G, Miterpakova, M, O'Connor, A, Snabel, V and Olson, PD (2011) Molecular and morphological circumscription of Mesocestoides tapeworms from red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in central Europe. Parasitology 138, 638647.
Khalil, LF, Jones, A and Bray, RA (1994) Keys to the cestode parasites of vertebrates. Oxford, Oxford University Press. 768 pp.
Kloch, A, Bednarska, M and Bajer, A (2005) Intestinal macro- and microparasites of wolves (Canis lupus L.) from North-Eastern Poland recovered by coprological study. Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine 12, 237245.
Loos-Frank, B (2000) An up-date of Verster's (1969) ‘Taxonomic revision of the genus Taenia Linnaeus’ (Cestoda) in table format. Systematic Parasitology 45, 155183.
Manfredi, MT, Giacometti, A, Fraquelli, C and Piccolo, G (2003) Studio della popolazione elmintica in volpi (Vulpes vulpes) del Trentino Alto-Adige. Journal of Mountain Ecology 7, 261263.
Marucco, F, Marboutin, E, Duchamp, C, Avanzinelli, E, Potocnik, H and Rauer, G (2013) Wolf Alpine Group. Alpine Convention Group. Cogne, WISO Platform, 17 p.
Mattioli, L, Canu, A, Passilongo, D, Scandura, M and Apollonio, M (2018) Estimation of pack density in grey wolf (Canis lupus) by applying spatially explicit capture-recapture models to camera trap data supported by genetic monitoring. Frontiers in Zoology 15, 3838.
Moks, E, Jogisalu, I, Saarma, U, Talvik, H, Jarvis, T and Valdmann, H (2006) Helminthologic survey of the wolf (Canis lupus) in Estonia, with an emphasis on Echinococcus granulosus. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 42, 359365.
Otranto, D, Cantacessi, C, Mallia, E and Lia, RP (2007) First report of Thelazia callipaeda (Spirurida, Thelaziidae) in wolves in Italy. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 43, 508511.
Padgett, KA, Nadler, SA, Munson, L, Sacks, B and Boyce, WM (2005) Systematics of Mesocestoides (Cestoda: Mesocestoididae): evaluation of molecular and morphological variation among isolates. Journal of Parasitology 91, 14351443.
Popiolek, M, Szczesnaa, J, Nowaka, S and Myslajeka, RW (2007) Helminth infections in faecal samples of wolves Canis lupus L. from the western Beskidy Mountains in southern Poland. Journal of Helminthology 81, 339344.
Popiolek, M, Jarnecki, H and Luczynski, T (2009) The first record of Molineus patens (Dujardin, 1845) (Nematoda, Molineidae) in the ermine (Mustela erminea L.) in Poland. Wiadomości Parazytologiczne 55, 433435.
Sato, H and Suzuki, K (2006) Gastrointestinal helminths of feral raccoons (Procyon lotor) in Wakayama Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 68, 311318.
Segovia, JM, Guerrero, R, Torres, J, Miquel, J and Feliu, C (2003) Ecological analyses of the intestinal helminth communities of the wolf, Canis lupus, in Spain. Folia Parasitologica 50, 231236.
Segovia, J-M, Torres, J, Miquel, J, Sospedra, E, Guerrero, R and Feliu, C (2007) Analysis of helminth communities of the pine marten, Martes martes, in Spain: mainland and insular data. Acta Parasitologica 52, 156164.
Shimalov, VV and Shimalov, VT (2000) Helminth fauna of the wolf (Canis lupus Linnaeus, 1758) in Belorussian Polesie. Parasitology Research 86, 163164.

Keywords

Gastrointestinal helminths of wolves (Canis lupus Linnaeus, 1758) in Piedmont, north-western Italy

  • M.R.P. de Macedo (a1), S. Zanet (a2), S. Bruno (a2), A. Tolosano (a3), F. Marucco (a4), L. Rossi (a2), G. Muller (a1) and E. Ferroglio (a2)...

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed