Lefoulon, Emilie Giannelli, Alessio Makepeace, Benjamin L. Mutafchiev, Yasen Townson, Simon Uni, Shigehiko Verocai, Guilherme G. Otranto, Domenico and Martin, Coralie 2017. Whence river blindness? The domestication of mammals and host-parasite co-evolution in the nematode genus Onchocerca. International Journal for Parasitology, Vol. 47, Issue. 8, p. 457.
McLean, Nancy Johnstone Newkirk, Kimberly and Adema, Coenraad M 2017. Canine ocular onchocerciasis: a retrospective review of the diagnosis, treatment, and outcome of 16 cases in New Mexico (2011-2015). Veterinary Ophthalmology, Vol. 20, Issue. 4, p. 349.
Komnenou, Anastasia Th. Thomas, Angelos L. N. Papadopoulos, Elias and Koutinas, Alex F. 2016. Intraocular localization ofOnchocerca lupiadult worm in a dog with anterior uveitis: A case report. Veterinary Ophthalmology, Vol. 19, Issue. 3, p. 245.
Cantey, Paul T. Weeks, Jessica Edwards, Morven Rao, Suchitra Ostovar, G. Amin Dehority, Walter Alzona, Maria Swoboda, Sara Christiaens, Brooke Ballan, Wassim Hartley, John Terranella, Andrew Weatherhead, Jill Dunn, James J. Marx, Douglas P. Hicks, M. John Rauch, Ronald A. Smith, Christiana Dishop, Megan K. Handler, Michael H. Dudley, Roy W. R. Chundu, Kote Hobohm, Dan Feiz-Erfan, Iman Hakes, Joseph Berry, Ryan S. Stepensaski, Shelly Greenfield, Benjamin Shroeder, Laura Bishop, Henry de Almeida, Marcos Mathison, Blaine Eberhard, Mark Hughes, James M. and Wilson, Mary E. 2016. The Emergence of ZoonoticOnchocerca lupiInfection in the United States – A Case-Series. Clinical Infectious Diseases, Vol. 62, Issue. 6, p. 778.
Dantas-Torres, Filipe and Otranto, Domenico 2016. Best Practices for Preventing Vector-Borne Diseases in Dogs and Humans. Trends in Parasitology, Vol. 32, Issue. 1, p. 43.
Tudor, Poliana Turcitu, Mihai Mateescu, Cosmin Dantas-Torres, Filipe Tudor, Niculae Bărbuceanu, Florica Ciuca, Lavinia Burcoveanu, Ioana Acatrinei, Dumitru Rinaldi, Laura Mateescu, Romanița Bădicu, Adina Ionașcu, Iuliana and Otranto, Domenico 2016. Zoonotic ocular onchocercosis caused by Onchocerca lupi in dogs in Romania. Parasitology Research, Vol. 115, Issue. 2, p. 859.
Verocai, Guilherme G. Conboy, Gary Lejeune, Manigandan Marron, Fany Hanna, Paul MacDonald, Erin Skorobohach, Brian Wilcock, Brian Kutz, Susan J. and Gilleard, John S. 2016. Onchocerca lupiNematodes in Dogs Exported from the United States into Canada. Emerging Infectious Diseases, Vol. 22, Issue. 8, p. 1477.
Bergua, A Hohberger, B Held, J Muntau, B Tannich, E and Tappe, D 2015. Human case of Onchocerca lupi infection, Germany, August 2014. Eurosurveillance, Vol. 20, Issue. 16,
Hassan, Hassan K. Bolcen, Shanna Kubofcik, Joseph Nutman, Thomas B. Eberhard, Mark L. Middleton, Kelly Wekesa, Joseph Wakoli Ruedas, Gimena Nelson, Kimberly J. Dubielzig, Richard De Lombaert, Melissa Silverman, Bruce Schorling, Jamie J. Adler, Peter H. Unnasch, Thomas R. and Beeler, Emily S. 2015. Isolation ofOnchocerca lupiin Dogs and Black Flies, California, USA. Emerging Infectious Diseases, Vol. 21, Issue. 5, p. 789.
Grácio, António J. Santos Richter, Joachim Komnenou, Anastasia Th. and Grácio, Maria Amélia 2015. Onchocerciasis caused by Onchocerca lupi: an emerging zoonotic infection. Systematic review. Parasitology Research, Vol. 114, Issue. 7, p. 2401.
Uni, Shigehiko Fukuda, Masako Otsuka, Yasushi Hiramatsu, Nobuo Yokobayashi, Kenichi Takahashi, Hiroshi Murata, Susumu Kusatake, Kenji Morita, Eishin Maruyama, Haruhiko Hasegawa, Hideo Shiwaku, Kuninori Ramli, Rosli Azirun, Mohd and Takaoka, Hiroyuki 2015. New zoonotic cases of Onchocerca dewittei japonica (Nematoda: Onchocercidae) in Honshu, Japan. Parasites & Vectors, Vol. 8, Issue. 1, p. 59.
TAKAOKA, Hiroyuki 2015. Zoonotic onchocerciasis in Japan: its causative <i>Onchocerca</i> species and vector black fly species. Medical Entomology and Zoology, Vol. 66, Issue. 2, p. 23.
Otranto, Domenico Dantas-Torres, Filipe Giannelli, Alessio Latrofa, Maria Stefania Papadopoulos, Elias Cardoso, Luís and Cortes, Helder 2013. ZoonoticOnchocerca lupiInfection in Dogs, Greece and Portugal, 2011–2012. Emerging Infectious Diseases, Vol. 19, Issue. 12, p. 2000.
Cases of canine onchocerciasis caused by Onchocerca lupi are increasingly reported from Europe and the western United States of America. The zoonotic role of this parasite had already been suspected in Europe as the clinical signs and histopathology seen in two ocular cases from Albania and the Crimean region were very similar to those of canine ocular onchocerciasis. In the most recent reports of human onchocerciasis, O. lupi has been morphologically and molecularly identified as the causative agent of ocular infestation in two patients from Turkey, and one patient from Tunisia. Here, we report an additional case of nodular lesions involving two, and possibly more, immature worms in a patient from Iran. The parasite was found to belong to the genus Onchocerca based on morphological features and the species was confirmed as O. lupi from a partial sequence analysis of 12S ribosomal DNA.
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